New American Rogets College Thesaurus in Dictionary Form Book

New American Rogets College Thesaurus in Dictionary Form Book
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    THE NEW AMERICAN ROGET’S COLLEGE THESAURUS IN DICTIONARY FORM Third Revised Edition Prepared by Philip D. Morehead Previously published as The Penguin Roget’s College Thesaurus in Dictionary Form A SIGNET BOOK

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    Originally prepared and edited by The National Lexicographic Board Albert H. Morehead, Chairman and General Editor Waldemar Von Zedtwitz, President Loy C. Morehead, Vice President; Donald D. Wolf, William C. Campbell, George H. Copeland, Jack Luzzatto. Staff for The New American Roget’s College...

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    To my father

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    The editor would like to give special thanks to Hugh Rawson, my former editor at New American Library for almost twenty years, who initiated this project and guided me through many others over the years. Thanks are also due to Sarah Manges, who ably picked up this project from Hugh and has been o...

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    how to use this thesaurus PETER MARK ROGET was an English physician who was born in 1779 and who died in 1869. As a hobby he liked to make lists of words and group them together when they were related to one another. Some were related be-cause they were synonyms, such as illegal and unlawful; som...

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    How to Use This Thesaurus A word or phrase in parentheses—( )—is explanatory or shows how the preceding word is to be used in a sentence. Brackets—[ ]—indicate that the bracketed letters, word, or phrase might or might not be used with the ad-joining word, depending on the preference of...

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    aback [ 1 ] abnormal A aback, adv. rearward, behind. See rear, difficulty. —taken aback, disconcerted (see discon-tent). abaft, adv. aft, astern, behind. See rear. abandon, v.t. relinquish, resign, give up, forgo, surrender, discontinue, waive, abdicate; leave, quit, evac-uate, withdraw (from)...

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    aboard [ 2 ] abode sane; monstrous. See unconfor-Informal, astride. See presence, mity, insanity. Ant., normal. ship. aboard, adv. & prep. on, on board. ABODE Place of residence Nouns—1, (living place) abode, dwelling, residence, accommodations, domicile, address, habitation, berth, nest, s...

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    abolish [ 3 ] abridge 11, (dwelling for the ill, etc.) sanatorium, sanitarium, asylum, [health] re-sort, [convalescent, nursing, or rest] home. Informal, old folks’ home. See remedy. 12, dweller (see inhabitant). 13, (domestic arts) domestic arts, homemaking, home economics, human ecology. See ...

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    abroad [ 4 ] absolve compress, contract. See short-short, curt; steep, precipitous, ness. Ant., expand, extend. sheer; sudden or sharp (turn, etc.); abroad, adv. overseas, away, out-jerky. See instantaneity. Ant., side; roaming, wandering, at large. gradual. See travel, absence, distance. abscess...

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    absorb [ 5 ] abyss ness, acquittal, exemption. cerpt (from); remove, steal. —n. Ant., accuse, blame. compendium, summary, epitome, absorb, v. assimilate, take in, suck précis, abridgment. See suppo-up; incorporate, integrate; engross, sition, stealing, shortness. preoccupy, obsess. See thought...

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    academe [ 6 ] accompaniment chaos, hell. See interval. academe, n. academia, school; pedant, academician. See learn-ing, affectation. academic, adj. scholastic, colle-giate; educational; scholarly, eru-dite; theoretical. See teaching, learning, supposition. academy, n. school, college, preparator...

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    accomplice [ 7 ] accounting Verbs—accompany, attend, hang on, wait on, go along with, go hand in hand with, keep company, row in the same boat, associate or consort with, take up with, hang around; string along; escort, usher, chaperon, conduct, con-voy, squire, see out. Informal, take out. See...

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    accouter [ 8 ] accusation rolling or continuous budget; [pencil] footing; fixed costs; balance, [ad-justed] trial balance, account, A/C, suspense or T account; credit, debit (see debt); accrual or cash basis method, zero base accounting; net worth; calendar or fiscal year; reconciliation; botto...

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    accustom [ 9 ] acquisition finger (at), rat (on), squawk, redbait, frame. Adjectives—accusing, accusatory; incriminatory, recriminatory, reproachful; imputative; incriminating, inculpatory. Phrases—a bad workman blames his tools; it’s the poor wot gets the blame; it’s not how you win or ...

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    acquit [ 10 ] action score, rack up. 2, (acquire by force) appropriate, take over, assume, take possession of, commandeer, confiscate, expropriate, arrogate; annex, attach; preempt, usurp; catch, nab, bag, pocket; capture, seize; take away; grasp, clinch, clutch, grip, grab, snatch, seize, cop, ...

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    activity [ 11 ] activity ploit, feat, enterprise; transaction, operation, step, move[ment]; lawsuit, job action; battle (see warfare, contention). Informal, stunt. 3, (one who acts) doer, hack (see agent). Verbs—act, do, execute, perform, function; operate, work, practice, exercise, commit, per...

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    actor, actress [ 12 ] addition Adverbs—actively, etc. See haste. Phrases—a rolling stone gathers no moss; no peace for the wicked. Quotations—It is wonderful how much may be done if we are always doing (Thomas Jefferson), Let us, then, be up and doing (Longfellow). Antonyms, see inactivity,...

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    addle [ 13 ] adopt addle, v. confuse, muddle, befuddle. See disorder. address, v.t. direct; court, woo; ac-cost, greet, approach, speak to. — n. street and number; residence, home; speech, discourse, oration; cleverness, dexterity. See direc-tion, indication, abode, cour-tesy, skill. Ant., over...

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    adore [ 14 ] adversity adore, v.t. love, worship, idolize. Ant., hate, condemn. adorn, v.t. ornament, embellish, deck, garnish, beautify. Ant., mar, deface. ad rem, Lat. relevant, to the point. See relation. adrift, adj. afloat; drifting, loose. See disjunction, dispersion, changeableness. adroi...

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    advert [ 15 ] advice grief. Slang, draw a blank; lose one’s shirt; take one’s lumps; have one’s ass in a sling. 2, be unlucky, have bad luck. Slang, get the short end of the stick. 3, (cause adversity) curse, bring bad luck, cast an evil eye on. Informal, jinx, hex. Adjectives—1, (being c...

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    advocate [ 16 ] affectation suade; warn (see warning). Informal, give one a piece of one’s mind, put a flea in one’s ear, kibitz. 2, (consult together) advise with; consult together; compare notes; hold a council, deliberate, be closeted with, confer. 3, take or follow advice, be advised, fo...

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    affection [ 17 ] affirmation frosty; drugstore cowboy; choirboy; straw man; phony, fraud, fake. Verbs—affect, act, put on or give oneself airs, feign, sham; simper, mince; attitudinize, pose, posture, assume or strike an attitude, put up or on a front; make [out] like; overact, dramatize. Info...

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    affix [ 18 ] age Adjectives—1, affirmative, declaratory, declarative, predicatory, pronuncia-tive, assertive, loud and clear; positive, certain, decided; express, em-phatic; unretracted; predicable. 2, deposed, etc.; sworn. Adverbs—affirmatively, in the affirmative, etc.; with emphasis, l...

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    ageless [ 19 ] agency 3, (agedness) old or advanced age, senility; senescence; years, anility, gray hairs, climacteric, menopause; declining years, decrepitude, infir-mity, feebleness (see deterioration), superannuation; second childhood, dotage; vale of years, decline of life, three-score years...

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    agenda [ 20 ] agglomerate (see cause); instrumentality, action, means; mediation, medium; method, modus operandi, technique, routine, process. 2, (one who acts) agent, doer, performer, perpetrator, operator; executor, executrix, administrator, administratrix; practitioner, worker, stager. 3, (one...

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    agglutinate [ 21 ] agitation assemblage). —n. & adj. cluster aggression, n. offense, attack,war, (see density). invasion; belligerence. See con-agglutinate, v. See coherence. tention. Ant., pacification. aggrandize, v.t. enlarge, extend (see aggrieved, adj. offended (see re-expansion); exa...

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    agnostic [ 22 ] agreement restless, at loose ends, restive, all atwitter, nervous, jittery, jumpy; ner-vous, fidgety, shaken up; ebullient. Informal, antsy, like a monkey on a stick. Slang, strung out, all shook up, antsy, squirrelly, in a lather, uptight, aerated, wilding, jacked up, untied, un...

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    agriculture [ 23 ] agriculture 3, (make an agreement) contract, covenant; subcontract, outsource; en-gage (see promise); stipulate; make or come to terms, settle, strike a bar-gain, come to an understanding; negotiate, bargain, sit down with; sign, shake hands, formalize, strike a bargain; execut...

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    aground [ 24 ] aid garden, flower bed; nursery, greenhouse, hothouse, conservatory, potting shed, orangery; bed, border, seed plot, parterre; plantation, ranch, home -stead (see abode); arboretum, orchard, vineyard, vinery; farmland, grass -land; collective farm, cooperative, kibbutz, kolkhoz. 4...

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    aide [ 25 ] air fer aid, give one a lift, take in tow; oblige, accommodate, encourage. 2, (help to recover) relieve, rescue, set on one’s legs, pull or see through; give new life to, be the making of; push forward, give a lift to, give a leg up, bolster, shore up; promote, further, forward, adv...

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    aircraft [ 26 ] alienate caster; weather report or forecast; weather bureau or station; barometer, weatherglass, hygrometer; weather balloon or satellite; weather vane. Verbs—air, [cross-]ventilate, fan, air-condition; aerate. See wind, refresh-ment. Adjectives—1, (of the air) airy, pneumatic...

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    alienist [ 27 ] alongside alienist, n. psychiatrist. See intel-lect. alight, v.i. descend, get off, land; dismount; arrive, disembark. See arrival, descent. —adj. glow-ing, lighted; on fire, burning. See light, heat. align, v. line up, true, range, straighten; regulate; array, take sides. See ...

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    aloof [ 28 ] amiable side. aloof, adj. distant, unneighborly, re-served, remote; indifferent. See seclusion, indifference, af-fectation. Ant., open, friendly. aloud, adv. audibly; vociferously, loudly, with full voice. See loud-ness, hearing. alphabet, n. letters; ABCs, criss-cross-row. See writi...

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    amicable [ 29 ] amusement kindly, pleasant; likable. See courtesy, benevolence, friend. Ant., sour, unfriendly, hostile. amicable, adj. friendly (see friend). amicus curiae, Lat. a friend of the court. See lawsuit. amid, amidst, prep. among, midst, mid. See mixture. amiss, adv. wrong, ill; badly,...

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    amusement [ 30 ] amusement point, bar, home, inner or outer board, checker, blot. d. checkers, draughts, queen. e. dominoes, bone, muggins, sniff. f. cards; playing card, ace, king, queen, jack, knave, joker, two-(etc.)spot, deuce, trey; [auction, duplicate, rubber or contract] bridge, whist, bla...

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    anachronism [ 31 ] ancestry anachronism, n. misdate, prolep-analysis, n. breakdown, separa-sis, anticipation; metachronism, tion, disintegration; investigation, parachronism, prochronism. See study; abstract, summary; psycho-time, error. analysis. See inquiry, decompo-anagram, n. acrostic. See wo...

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    anchor [ 32 ] angularity anchor, n. berth, slip, buoy, grapnel, kedge; mainstay, safeguard; an-chorman, -woman, or -person. — v. cast anchor, moor; fix, attach, fasten; hold fast. See naviga-tion, stability, communica-tion, connection. anchorage, n. mooring, road [stead], harbor. See safety, l...

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    anile [ 33 ] animal 3, (figure having angles) triangle, trigon, wedge; rectangle, brick, square, lozenge, diamond; rhomb, rhombus; quadrangle, quadrilateral; parallelo-gram; quadrature; polygon, pentacle, pentagram, pentagon, hexagon, hep-tagon, octagon, decagon; cube, block, rhomboid; tetrahedr...

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    animal [ 34 ] animal sheepdog, coonhound, bloodhound, collie, borzoi, boxer, Briard, griffon, bulldog, bullmastiff, bull terrier, cairn terrier, retriever, chihuahua, shar-pei, chow chow, cocker spaniel, corgi, dachshund, Dalmation, deerhound, Doberman pinscher, elkhound, setter, springer spaniel...

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    animate [ 35 ] anniversary quito, podura, praying mantis, punkie, roach, sawfly, sawyer, scarab, silk -worm, silverfish, skipjack, skipper, springtail, stink bug, stonefly, termite, thrips, [wood or deer] tick, viceroy, walking stick, wasp, yellow jacket. b. arachnid, spider, black widow, scor...

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    annotate [ 36 ] antechamber, anteroom larity). annotate, v. comment on, gloss, ex-plain. See interpretation. announce, v. tell, proclaim, publish, make known; broadcast, report. See information, prediction, publication. annoy, v. vex, tease, harass, disturb, molest, trouble, bother, irritate, pai...

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    antedate [ 37 ] apostate room, ingress; lobby, vestibule, foyer. See receptacle. antedate, v.t. predate, come before. See priority. Ant., predate, pre-cede. antenna, n. aerial, rabbit ears, mast, tower. See communication. anthem, n. song, hymn, chorale; na-tional anthem. See music, wor-ship. anth...

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    a posteriori [ 38 ] appendage heterodoxy, evildoer, dis-apparent, adj. plain, obvious, visi-sent. ble; evident, manifest, percepti-a posteriori, Lat. from effect to ble. See appearance, visibility. cause. See reasoning. Ant., unlikely, hidden, secret, ob-apostle, n. disciple; evangelist. See scur...

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    appendix [ 39 ] apprehension appendix, n. supplement (see addi-utility, agreement. Ant., irrele-tion). vant. appetite, n. hunger, desire, craving. application, n. diligence, assiduity; Ant., aversion, distaste. suitability, relevancy; form, blank. appetizer, n. relish; hors d’oeuvre, See reques...

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    apprentice [ 40 ] approbation knowledge, restraint, expec-apprise, v.t. inform, give notice, ad-tation. vise. See information. apprentice, n. novice, catechumen, approach, v.t. accost, confront, en-initiate. —v. indenture, article, counter (see contact); draw near, bind over. See learning, serv...

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    appropriate [ 41 ] arc 3, (receive praise) be praised; receive honorable mention; be in [high] fa-vor with; ring with the praises of, gain credit, stand well in the opinion of; pass muster; bring down the house, stop the show; be popular, catch on. Adjectives—1, approving, commendatory, complim...

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    arcade [ 42 ] architecture ity); spark (see electricity). quated, obsolete, outdated; his-arcade, n. corridor (see passage); toric. See past, oldness. Ant., penny arcade (see amusement). new, up-to-date. arcane, adj. secret. archer, n. bowman. See combat-arch, n. curve, arc, vault. See con-ant. v...

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    archive [ 43 ] armory tation; water table; dead weight, live load, kip; building codes. 6, architect; urban planner, urbanologist; designer; builder, [sub]con-tractor. Verbs—architect, design; build. Adjectives—architectural. Quotations—Form ever follows function (Louis Sullivan), Architect...

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    arms [ 44 ] arms ARMS Weapons Nouns—1, arms, weapon[s], weaponry, firearms, armament, engine of war, materiel; hardware; panoply, stand of arms, military establishment; ar-mory, arsenal (see store); armor (see defense). See warfare, provi-sion. 2, ammunition, munitions, explosive. Slang, hardw...

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    army [ 45 ] arrangement catapult, mangonel, trebuchet, onager, sling[shot] (see propulsion). 8, (swords and knives) sword, saber, broadsword, backsword, cutlass, cur -talax, falchion, scimitar, katana, bilbo, rapier, barong, skean, claymore, creese, spatha, kukri, Toledo; dagger, anlace, dirk, ha...

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    arrant [ 46 ] arsenal 2, sorter, filing system; index, table, inventory; organizer; filing clerk. Verbs—1, arrange, dispose, line up, place, form; put, set, or place in order; set out, collate, pack, marshal, range, size, rank, group; dispose of, com-partmentalize, pigeonhole, assign places t...

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    arson [ 47 ] artless ply; resources. See store. arson, n. incendiarism, pyromania; slang, torch job. See heat. art, n. craft, skill; cunning; sci-ence, technics; fine arts (see rep-resentation). See business. artery, n. vessel, vein, channel. See passage. artful, adj. crafty, wily. See cun-ning,...

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    ascent [ 48 ] ask ASCENT Motion upward Nouns—1, ascent, ascension, mounting, rising, climb, rise, escalade; leap; upswing, upsurge, upturn; acclivity, hill; elevation. See obliquity. 2, (means of ascent) flight of steps or stairs, stairway, staircase, perron; step, rung, stair, tread, riser, s...

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    askance [ 49 ] assemblage askance, adv. sideways; distrust-fully. See side, doubt. askew, adj. crooked, awry, lopsided, oblique. See distortion. aslant, adj. slanting, oblique (see obliquity). asleep, adj. sleeping; dozing, nap-ping; quiescent, dormant; numb; dead (see death). See inactiv-ity, in...

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    assemble [ 50 ] assent sort; come, flock, or get together; forgather, huddle. 2, (bring together) get or bring together, assemble, muster, collect, collo-cate, call up, gather, convene, convoke, convocate; rake up, dredge; heap, mass; agglomerate, aggregate; bundle, bale, sheaf, collate, compile...

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    assert [ 51 ] astronautics with an agreement (Leon Trotsky). Antonyms, see dissent. assert, v.t. avow, declare, say, claim, affirm, state. See affirmation. assertive, adj. positive, dogmatic. See certainty, insolence. Ant., shy, meek. assess, v.t. value, appraise, price, es-timate; charge, tax....

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    astronomy [ 52 ] atonement [communications, weather, observation, etc.] satellite; space shuttle, Challenger, Columbia, Discovery, etc.; [space] probe, Pioneer, Mariner, Surveyor, Viking, Voyager; Jupiter, Saturn, Titan; Sputnik, Vostok, Gem -ini, Mercury, Soyuz; mission control; flying saucer, ...

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    atrocity [ 53 ] attack for, make good; reclaim, redeem, redress, repair; ransom, purge, shrive; do penance, repent [in sackcloth and ashes] (see penitence); set one’s house in order; wipe off old scores, wipe the slate clean; make matters up; pay the penalty; take back, eat one’s words, eat h...

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    attain [ 54 ] attention formal, whale away. Slang, kick ass, blaze on; cuff; nuke. See impulse. 3, (attack with arms) fire at, shoot at, open up on; pepper, bombard, shell, pour a broadside into; open fire, fire a volley; beset, besiege, beleaguer; lay siege to, invest; sap, mine; storm, board...

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    attenuate [ 55 ] attraction ger on; bring, direct, call, or draw attention to, mention [in passing], touch on; show. Informal, put one wise to. Adjectives—1, (paying attention) attentive, mindful, observant, regardful, assiduous; alive or awake to; observing, occupied with, engrossed, thoughtfu...

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    attribution [ 56 ] august several good protections against temptations, but the surest is cowardice (Mark Twain). Antonyms, see repulsion. ATTRIBUTION Act of assigning Nouns—1, (act of attributing) attribution, ascription, assignment, reference to; accounting for; imputation, derivation from, c...

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    au naturel [ 57 ] authority unimposing. au naturel, Fr. nude. See divest-ment. au pair, n. & adj. nanny, baby-sitter. See safety, care. aura, n. atmosphere, air; emanation. See wind, environment. aureole, n. halo, nimbus (see light, circularity). auspice, n. omen, token; (pl.) pa-tronage, pro...

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    authority [ 58 ] authority 6, (positions having authority over countries) sovereign, ruler, emperor, empress, crowned head, king, queen, prince, princess (see nobility); po-tentate, liege, suzerain, monarch; czar, tsar, kaiser; boss, dictator, Duce, Führer, despot, tyrant, pharaoh; judge, autocr...

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    authorization [ 59 ] avant-garde riously, dictatorially; authoritatively, ex officio, ex cathedra; with a high hand. Phrases—he who pays the piper calls the tune; might is right; in the coun-try of the blind the one-eyed man is king; better red than dead; a good leader is always a good followe...

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    avarice [ 60 ] aviation avarice, n. greed. See desire. Ant., average, n. normal, norm, mean, generosity, prodigality. standard. —adj. mean, normal, ave atque vale, Lat. hail and ordinary. See unimportance, farewell. See departure. mediocrity, generality. Ant., Ave Maria, Lat. Hail Mary! See exc...

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    aviation [ 61 ] aviation dola, nacelle, cabin, ejection seat; belly, hull; balloon, ballonet; engine, engine pod, propeller, airscrew, prop, contraprop; afterburner, throat, in-let; reciprocating, radial, or jet engine, fanjet, turbofan, ramjet; rocket; air-foil, wing, leading or trailing edge, g...

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    avidity [ 62 ] aware Quotations—There are only two emotions in a plane: boredom and terror (Orson Welles). avidity, n. eagerness, longing, de-avocation, n. hobby, sideline. See sire; keenness, alacrity; avarice, amusement, business. greed, voracity. AVOIDANCE Refraining from Nouns—1, (act of ...

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    away [ 63 ] badness alert (to). See knowledge. Ant., unaware. away, adv. absent, elsewhere, far-off, gone. See distance, ab-sence. awe, n. fear, dread; wonder. awesome, adj. impressive, awe-inspiring; slang, excellent, splen-did. See wonder, goodness. awful, adj. horrible, dreadful; tremendous. S...

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    bad taste [ 64 ] bail in the closet, thorn in the side or in the flesh. Slang, bummer, bad hair day, the pits. See evil. 2, (being bad toward others) ill treatment, molestation, abuse, oppression, persecution, outrage; atrocity, torture. See malevolence. 3, (bad behavior) misbehavior, mischief, ...

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    bailiff [ 65 ] bank guarantee, surety. —bail out, parachute; get out of; help, aid, bankroll. See aid, escape. bailiff, n. constable, beagle, bailie; sheriff, marshal, officer. See safety, agent. bailiwick, n. district, region; area of concern, business. bait, n. lure, temptation. —v.t. de-c...

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    banknote [ 66 ] barter obliquity, land, store. —v. tilt, angle, slope; deposit. See edge, aviation. banknote, n. paper or folding money; bill. bankroll, n. cash on hand, re-sources. —v.t., informal, back, fi-nance, fund. See money. bankrupt, adj. insolvent, ruined; bereft, indigent, penniles...

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    base [ 67 ] bastard merce, buying and selling, traffic, business, custom, shopping; commer -cial enterprise, speculation, [stock-]jobbing, brokerage, stockbroking, agiotage; transaction, deal, bargain (see cheapness); reciprocation; trad -ing, dealing, negotiation; haggling, dickering, free trad...

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    baste [ 68 ] bearing posterity. baste, v.t. sew, tack; moisten; beat, thrash, cudgel. See production, attack. bastion, n. fort; rampart, fortifica-tion. See defense. bat, n. cudgel, club, stick, night-stick; brickbat. See arms. batch, n. baking; set, series, run, lot, quantity. See assemblage. b...

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    beast [ 69 ] beauty tion. crate, bless. See piety. Ant., beast, n. brute, quadruped; black-damn. guard (see discourtesy). See an-beatnik, n. beat, hipster, Bohemian. imal, transportation. See unconformity. beastly, adj. bestial, brutish; hateful. beat-up, adj., slang, dilapidated, See malevolence...

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    because [ 70 ] beggar nious, sightly. Informal, easy on the eyes, sight for sore eyes, cutesy, dishy, nifty, stunning, devastating, breathtaking, long on looks, past gor -geous, [well-]built, hunky. Slang, drop-dead, fly, phat, zanzy, killer, against the law. 2, (producing a feeling of beauty) b...

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    beginning [ 71 ] beginning BEGINNING Starting point Nouns—1, beginning, commencement, opening, outset, incipience, incep-tion; alpha, initial; installation, inauguration, debut; foundation, reaction, initiation; embarkation, rising of the curtain, kickoff, take-off; outbreak, onset; big bang; i...

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    begrudge [ 72 ] belief Quotations—Who has begun has half done (Horace), The game’s afoot! (Shakespeare), The distance is nothing; it is only the first step that is dif-ficult (Mme. Du Deffand), A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step (Lao-tzu). Antonyms, see end. begrudg...

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    belittle [ 73 ] benediction Adjectives—1, believing, trusting, unsuspecting; devout; naive; satisfied, confident, unhesitating, convinced, persuaded, secure. 2, believable, credible, trustworthy, worthy, to be depended on, unim-peachable; satisfactory; probable, odds-on; persuasive, impressiv...

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    benefactor [ 74 ] bent benefactor, n. See benevolence. receiving. beneficent, adj. bountiful, generous. benefit, n. profit, advantage, gain, See benevolence. Ant., miserly, good, avail; fund-raiser. —v. help, ungenerous. serve, assist; improve. See benev-beneficial, adj. useful, helpful, sa...

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    bequest [ 75 ] between dency, inclination, nature, propensity. See curvature, de-sire. Ant., straight. bequest, n. legacy. See giving, re-ceiving, transfer. berate, v.t. rebuke, scold, vilify. See disapprobation. bereft, adj. bereaved, deprived of. See loss. berserk, adj. amuck, frenzied, fran-ti...

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    bevel [ 76 ] binge diary, intercalary, interstitial, intramural; embolismal; parenthetical, episodic; mediterranean; intrusive, interfering, meddlesome, officious, ob -trusive. 2, divided, partitioned, separated, fenced or screened off. Adverbs—between, betwixt; among[st], amid[st], in the thi...

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    bingo [ 77 ] birds bingo, n. lotto, beano. See amuse-memoirs. See description. ment. biology, n. life science, botany, zo-biography, n. life story, history, ology, naturalism. See existence. BIRDS Flying animals Nouns—1, fowl; songbird, warbler; bird of prey; cock, hen; nestling, fledg-ling. S...

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    birth [ 78 ] bland Phrases—a mockingbird has no voice of his own. Quotations—A robin red breast in a cage puts all Heaven in a rage (William Blake), From the troubles of the world I turn to ducks, beautiful comical things (F. W. Harvey), Blackbirds are the cellos of the deep farms (R. L. Stev...

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    blandish [ 79 ] blindness harsh. blandish, v.t. coax, cajole. See flattery. blank, adj. empty, unfilled; vacant, vacuous, expressionless; un-loaded. See nonexistence, in-substantiality, absence, form-lessness. blanket, n. See covering. —adj. widespread, comprehensive. See generality. blare, n...

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    blink [ 80 ] blow 2, (make blind) blind, darken, benight, put or gouge one’s eyes out; blind-fold, hoodwink, throw dust into one’s eyes, dazzle; screen, hide (see con-cealment). Adjectives—1, blind, eyeless, sightless, unseeing; dark, stone-blind; visually impaired, challenged, or handicapp...

  • Page 91

    blowup [ 81 ] boasting blowup, n. explosion; outburst; en-largement. See expansion, vio-lence. blowzy, adj. disheveled, untidy, un-kempt; ruddy. See uncleanness, disorder. blubber, v.i. weep, sob (see dejec-tion). bludgeon, n. club. —v.t. coerce, bully; club. See compulsion, at-tack. blue, adj....

  • Page 92

    boat [ 82 ] body plume oneself; bluster, bluff; exult, gloat, crow over, neigh, throw up one’s cap; flatter oneself, pat oneself on the back; gloat, exult, crow. Informal, talk big, show off, blow or toot one’s own horn. Slang, give oneself airs, put on the side or dog, put up a big front, p...

  • Page 93

    body [ 83 ] body atic, thoracic, tibial, or ulnar] nerve, neuron, axon, dendrite, ganglion, synapse, myelin; sensory receptor. c. brain, encephalon, gray matter, neo-cortex, [occipital, temporal, or parietal] lobe, ventricle, thalamus, cere-bellum, cerebrum, medulla, meninges, cerebral cortex, ce...

  • Page 94

    bodyguard [ 84 ] boisterous 10, vascular, circulatory, portal, or lymphalic system; blood, bloodstream, blood vessel, vein, capillary; red or white blood cell, corpuscle, erythro-cyte, lymphocyte, leukocyte, phagocyte, cytoplasm, hemoglobin, lymph, plasma, serum, platelet, thrombocyte; clot, fib...

  • Page 95

    bold [ 85 ] book bold, adj. daring, audacious, for-ward; intrepid, brave; impudent. See courage, insolence, defi-ance, vigor. Ant., timid. bollix up, v. informal, frustrate, de-feat; baffle; botch. See hin-drance, error. bolt, n. lock, latch, bar; thunderbolt, stroke, flash. See closure, light...

  • Page 96

    bookish [ 86 ] borrowing 5, [avid] reader, booklover, bibliophile, bibliomane; librarian, information [retrieval] specialist, cataloger. Adjectives—bibliographic[al], bibliological. Phrases—a book is like a garden carried in the pocket. Quotations—A good book is the precious life-blood of a...

  • Page 97

    bosh [ 87 ] bowels touch, put the bite on; get on tick. 2, appropriate, adopt, imitate, make use of; plagiarize, copy from. See stealing. Adjective—borrowed; pledged, financed, raised; appropriated, plagiarized, pirated, copied, stolen. Slang, on tick, on the cuff, on the slate. Phrases—the ...

  • Page 98

    bower [ 88 ] breadth See interior, depth. bower, n. arbor, grotto. See recep-tacle. bowl, n. basin, vessel, dish; cup, breaker; arena. See receptacle, concavity. bowling, n. tenpins, duckpins, can-dlepins; ninepines, skittles; lawn bowling, bowls. See amusement. box, n. chest, case, carton, conta...

  • Page 99

    breadwinner [ 89 ] brilliant Adjectives—broad, wide, ample, extended; thick; broad-beamed; outspread, outstretched; vast, spacious, roomy; comprehensive, extensive. Antonyms, see narrowness. breadwinner, n. wage earner (see acquisition). break, n. interruption, disconnec-tion; breach, fracture,...

  • Page 100

    brim [ 90 ] brotherhood beauty, intelligence, light. brink, n. edge, brim, rim, bluff; Ant., dull. verge, turning point. brim, n. edge, rim, brink. brisk, adj. alert, quick, lively, ani-brindled, adj. particolored, banded, mated, sprightly; cool, sharp. See tabby. See variegation. activity, cold,...

  • Page 101

    brow [ 91 ] building sociation, fraternity, fellowship. See party, friend, sociality. brow, n. forehead; summit, crest. See front, height, edge. browbeat, v.t. bully (see fear). brown, v.t. toast, braise, singe; sun-burn, tan, bronze. See color, heat. brown-nose, v.t. toady, grovel (see servility...

  • Page 102

    building [ 92 ] building split-level; acropolis, basilica; balok, bower, cabin, Cape Cod, cottage, izba, jacal, log cabin, Nissen hut, outbuilding, outhouse (see cleanness), shack, shanty, shebang; barracks, dormitory, apartment, boardinghouse (see abode); house, loft, maisonette, semidetached, t...

  • Page 103

    bulb [ 93 ] burlesque plasterer, plumber, rigger, roofer, stonemason, tilesetter, woodworker. Verbs—build, construct, erect, put up, raise, frame. Quotations—Houses are built to live in and not to look on (Francis Bacon), Light (God’s eldest daughter) is a principal beauty in building (Thom...

  • Page 104

    burly [ 94 ] business edy, buffoonery. —v.t. satirize, parody, mimic, caricature. See im-itation, ridicule, drama. burly, adj. stout, brawny (see strength). burn, v. oxidize, consume; blaze, flame; fire; sear, char, scorch; de-stroy. See heat, desire, ex-citability. burnish, v.t. polish (see ...

  • Page 105

    bust [ 95 ] button dent, superintendent, comptroller, treasurer; manager, foreman, supervi-sor, overseer; merchant, tradesman, store- or shopkeeper, dealer, monger, retailer, dealership; wholesaler, distributor[ship], concession; banker, bro-ker, middleman, buyer, seller, sales agent; bear, bull;...

  • Page 106

    buttress [ 96 ] caliber tion, instrumentality. buttress, n. flying buttress; sup-port; prop, brace. See defense. buxom, adj. plump, healthy; shapely, [well-]built. See form. buy, v. procure, purchase. Ant., sell. buzz, v. drone, hum, whirr; whisper, gossip; informal, bustle, fuss, hurry; informa...

  • Page 107

    calibrate [ 97 ] canon intelligence, degree. calibrate, v.t. graduate; rectify. See measurement. calisthenics, n. gymnastics, work-out, exercise. See exertion. call, v. cry, shout, yell; summon, bid; convoke, muster; choose, ap-point, elect; name, designate; visit, interview. —n. summons, deman...

  • Page 108

    canopy [ 98 ] carbuncle canopy, n. awning, tester; vault, sky; pavilion, cope; howdah. See cov-ering. cant, n. pretense, hypocrisy, insin-cerity; tilt, obliquity; argot, lingo, jargon. See impiety, false-hood, concealment, speech. cantankerous, adj. cross, ill-natured. See irascibility. Ant., ple...

  • Page 109

    carcass [ 99 ] careless vexity). ter, oddball. See indication, un-carcass, n. corpse, remains, shell, conformity. hull. See remainder, death. cardinal, adj. principal, leading, carcinogenic, adj. cancerous, ma-fundamental. See importance, lignant. See disease. clergy. Ant., minor, lesser. card, n...

  • Page 110

    caress [ 100 ] cast casual, offhand; negligent, slack, slovenly; reckless, rash, indis-creet. See indifference, ne-glect, inattention, rashness. Ant., careful, attentive. caress, v.t. & n. fondle, pet, stroke. See endearment. caretaker, n. guardian, custodian; janitor. See safety, cleanness....

  • Page 111

    castaway [ 101 ] cause aspect, air; company, actors, dramatis personae; casting, copy, mold, sculpture. See drama, color. castaway, n., castoff, pariah (see ejection, abandonment). caste, n. class, rank. caster, n. cruet, sifter; wheel; swivel. See receptacle, circularity. castigate, v.t. critici...

  • Page 112

    cause célèbre [ 102 ] caution 3, (types of causality) weight, sway, leverage (see influence); motive, impetus, impulse, consideration, motivation; temptation, enticement (see attraction); inspiration, exhortation, persuasion; goad, spur. 4, (one who causes) occasioner, prime mover, author, cre...

  • Page 113

    cavalcade [ 103 ] celebrated watch or look out, keep an eye out; mind, be on one’s guard, keep watch, watch one’s step, keep one’s eyes open or peeled, sleep with one eye open, be on one’s toes; watch one’s step, walk on eggshells or thin ice, make as -surance doubly sure, think twice, ...

  • Page 114

    celebration [ 104 ] celibacy CELEBRATION Commemoration Nouns—1, celebration, solemnization, jubilee, commemoration; ovation, paean (see approbation); triumph, jubilation; rite. See rejoicing, os-tentation, amusement. 2, (sign of celebration) bonfire, salute, salvo; flourish [of trumpets], fan...

  • Page 115

    cell [ 105 ] certainty cell, n. protoplasm; cage, jail; com-partment, room, vault; dry or wet cell, battery. See organic mat-ter, prison, abode. cellar, n. basement, subcellar; vault, shelter; wine, cyclone, etc. See receptacle, lowness. cement, n. mortar, concrete, grout, Portland cement; adhesi...

  • Page 116

    certificate [ 106 ] champion Adjectives—1, certain, sure, assured; solid, well-founded; unqualified, ab-solute, positive, determinate, definite, clear, unequivocal, categorical, un-mistakable, cut-and-dried, black-and-white, decisive, decided, on ice, sewed up, ascertained, known, proven. In...

  • Page 117

    chance [ 107 ] chance squire, knight; backer, supporter; See defense, success, auxil-conqueror, victor, winner, champ. iary, superiority. —v.t. defend, protect; support. CHANCE Fortuity Nouns—1, chance, accident, lot; fate, kismet, karma (see destiny); Lady Luck, [Dame] Fortune; luck, fortune...

  • Page 118

    chancellor [ 108 ] change look a gift horse in the mouth. Quotations—As good luck would have it (Shakespeare), The slings and ar-rows of outrageous fortune (Shakespeare), The only sure thing about luck is that it will change (Bret Harte), Luck is what happens when preparation meets opportunity ...

  • Page 119

    changeableness [ 109 ] char manent but change (Heraclitus), The more things change, the more they remain the same (Alphonse Karr), Variety’s the very spice of life (William Cowper), The wind of change is blowing through this continent (Harold Macmillan), And now for something completely differe...

  • Page 120

    character [ 110 ] cheapness character, n. kind, class; nature, disposition, temperament, person-ality; part, role; sign, brand, stamp; figure, letter, hieroglyphic, ideograph, pictograph; informal, personage, eccentric, crank, origi-nal. See writing, speciality, in-trinsic, identity, drama. char...

  • Page 121

    cheat [ 111 ] cheerfulness cheapening (see reduction). Informal, steal. 2, (low value) triviality, paltriness, insignificance; trashiness, worthless -ness. Slang, chicken feed. See unimportance. 3, (no cost) gratuity (see nonpayment). Slang, freebee, comp. 4, (low-priced store) bargain basement,...

  • Page 122

    cheerless [ 112 ] chicanery 2, liveliness, vivacity, animation, exuberance, spirit. Informal, zip. See ac-tivity. 3, mirth, merriment, hilarity, exhilaration; joviality, jollity, levity; jocular-ity (see wit); playfulness, laughter, merrymaking, fun, amusement. See rejoicing. 4, contentment, cont...

  • Page 123

    chicken [ 113 ] choice tion, cunning). chicken, n. fowl, cock, hen, pullet; fryer, broiler, capon; slang, cow-ard (see cowardice). See birds, food. chide, v. scold, lecture, reprove. See disapprobation. chief, n. chieftain, leader, president; captain, commander, general; su-perior, foreman, overs...

  • Page 124

    choir [ 114 ] chronological brace, espouse; take sides. Informal, shop around, choose up sides, have one’s druthers. 2, [cast a] vote, ballot; poll, canvass; hold up one’s hand, stand up and be counted; thumbs up or down; nominate, appoint, designate. 3, select, pick, designate, call, pick an...

  • Page 125

    chronometry [ 115 ] chump CHRONOMETRY Science of time Nouns—1, (science of time) chronometry, horometry, chronology, horology; dating, carbon-14 dating; date; epoch, period, era; times. 2, (measure of time) a. calendar, almanac; date; aeon, epoch, period; [bi]millennium, chiliad, century, turn ...

  • Page 126

    chunk [ 116 ] circuity norance. Ant., nobody’s fool. chunk, n. lump, hunk. See part. chunky, adj. stocky, thickset. See shortness. Ant., slim, lanky. church, n. worship, service; min-istry; denomination; Christen-dom, Holy Church; chapel, cathe-dral, synagogue, temple. See religion. churl, n. v...

  • Page 127

    circularity [ 117 ] circumstance CIRCULARITY Circular shape Nouns—1, circularity, roundness; sphericity, rotundity. 2, circle, circlet, circumference, ring, areola, hoop, annulus, annulet, bracelet, armlet, ringlet; eye, grommet, loop; wheel, round, rundle, trol-ley; orb, ball, sphere, globe (s...

  • Page 128

    circumstantiate [ 118 ] clairvoyance attitude, place, environment; footing, standing, status, state; occasion, eventuality, juncture, conjuncture; contingency, event; quandary, dilemma, predicament (see difficulty); emergency; exigency, crisis, pinch, pass, push; turning point; bearings, lay of ...

  • Page 129

    clamber [ 119 ] classification prediction. clamber, v.i. scramble, crawl, shin up. See ascent. clammy, adj. moist, damp, sweaty. See moisture. clamor, n. outcry, hullabaloo, up-roar, racket, tumult, din. See cry, loudness, disapprobation. clamp, n. grip, vise; fastener, clasp. See retention. cla...

  • Page 130

    classy [ 120 ] cleanness classy, adj., slang, modish, chic. See See qualification, part. fashion. Ant., crude, vulgar. claw, n. talon, nail, hook; pincer, clatter, n. rattle, racket, din. See nipper. See acquisition. loudness. clay, n. earth, potter’s clay, kaolin; clause, n. article, paragrap...

  • Page 131

    clean up [ 121 ] clergy a whistle. Informal, squeaky-clean. 2, sanitary, sterile, antiseptic, disinfected, hygienic; sterilized, pasteurized. 3, (that can be cleaned) [hand or machine] washable, cleanable, wash and wear, drip-dry, permanent or durable press. Phrases—if every man would sweep his...

  • Page 132

    clerk [ 122 ] clip of an order) abbess, prioress, canoness; mother superior, nun, sister, novice, postulant. c. (orders) Jesuits, Franciscans, Gray Friars, Friars mi -nor, Minorites; Capuchins, Dominicans, Black Friars; Carmelites, White Friars; Augustinians, Austin Friars; Carthusians, Benedicti...

  • Page 133

    clique [ 123 ] cloth ception. clique, n. set, circle, group, coterie. See party, assemblage, exclu-sion. cloak, n. cape, wrap, mantle, robe, burnoose, domino; shield, dis-guise. See clothing, conceal-ment. clobber, v.t., slang, pummel, punish; defeat. See impulse, success. clock, n. timepiece, ch...

  • Page 134

    clothing [ 124 ] clothing CLOTHING Wearing apparel Nouns—1, clothing, clothes, apparel, wear, dress, attire, array, raiment, gar-ments, garb, costume, outfit, habiliment, habit, rig, ensemble, caparison, drapery, toilette, fig, wardrobe, garmenture (archaic), vesture (archaic); wedding clothe...

  • Page 135

    clothing [ 125 ] clothing penitence); sweater, cardigan, crewneck, pullover, turtleneck, V-neck, vest, blouse, tunic, waistcoat. e. trousers, [long or short] pants, gabardines, Capri pants, breeches, britches, slacks, moleskins, overalls, pegleg trousers, plus fours, Oxford bags, pantaloons, Levi...

  • Page 136

    clothing [ 126 ] clothing ley gown, tea dress; frock, housedress, cheongsam, coat dress, cocktail dress, wraparound, granny dress, cotehardie, crinoline, jumper, pinafore, lavalava, sari, sarong, sheath, tent dress, tube dress, shift, shirtdress, slit dress, sundress; bridal dress or gown; suit, ...

  • Page 137

    cloud [ 127 ] clown creeper, sleeper, gertrude; diaper, clout, hippany, napkin, nappy, britch -ings; bootee; biggin, nightcap. Informal, jammies. 6, garment industry; clothier, haberdasher, furrier, hosier, outfitter; tailor, sartor, clothier, dressmaker, seamstress, modiste, couturière; bootma...

  • Page 138

    cloy [ 128 ] coexist cloy, v. glut, satiate, surfeit, sate; pall, bore. See sufficiency, weariness. club, n. cudgel, stick, bat, bludgeon; society, fraternity, sorority, associ-ation; nightclub; trefoil. See arms, assemblage, abode, so-ciality, party. clubfoot, n. splayfoot, Dutch-foot, taliped,...

  • Page 139

    coffee [ 129 ] cold coffee, n. mocha, espresso, cappuc-vincing, persuasive, weighty, cino; Sanka; percolated, drip, in-compelling. See power, vigor. stant, freeze-dried, etc. coffee, cogitate, v. reflect, think, muse, pon-java (sl.), mud (sl.). See drink-der, mull, consider, meditate; ing. plan,...

  • Page 140

    cold [ 130 ] collapse COLD Condition of low temperature Nouns—1, cold, coldness, frigidity, severity, iciness, winter, cold wave or snap, nip; Alaska, Siberia, Arctic, Antarctic, polar regions, tundra. 2, (something cold) ice, snow, red snow, snowflake, snow flurry, snowfall, snowstorm, blizz...

  • Page 141

    collar [ 131 ] color collar, n. neckband, neckwear; necklace; gorget, bertha, dicky; harness. See clothing, circu-larity. —v.t., slang, nab, arrest, catch. See restraint. collate, v.t. assemble, gather, com-pile. See assemblage, arrange-ment. colleague, n. associate, partner; co-worker, confrè...

  • Page 142

    color [ 132 ] color tanaura, tawny, toast, umber, Vandyke brown, walnut. d. gray, dun, flint, granite, greige, henna, liver, merle, moleskin, mushroom, neutral, nutmeg, obsidian, oxblood, pelican, piccolopasso, plumbago, roan, russet, salt-and-pepper, sand, sedge, sepia, silver, slate, smoke, so...

  • Page 143

    colored [ 133 ] combatant sea-green, bottle-green. f. flame-colored. g. plum-colored. h. ruby-red, blood-red, beet-red, brick-red, rosy, roseate. i. snowy, milky, chalky, creamy, pearly, off-white, oyster-white. j. golden, sallow, cream-colored, xanthic, xanthous. 4, variegated (see variegation)...

  • Page 144

    combatant [ 134 ] combatant army, standing army, regulars, militia, volunteers, auxiliaries, reserves, national guard, beefeater; guards, guardsman. 4, (irregular fighter) janizary, myrmidon, spahi, Cossack; irregular, mer -cenary, freelance, soldier of fortune; guerrilla, bushfighter, partisan...

  • Page 145

    combative [ 135 ] comforter life, and but little consideration (Robert E. Lee), All a soldier needs to know is how to shoot and salute (Gen. John Pershing), Look at an in-fantryman’s eyes, and you can tell how much war he has seen (Bill Mauldin). Antonyms, see pacification. combative, adj. pug...

  • Page 146

    comic [ 136 ] commensurate comic, adj. comical, funny, hilarious, See absurdity, wit. laughable, sidesplitting, clownish, comics, n.pl. comic strip or book; ludicrous, droll, slapstick, farcical. informal, funnies. See book. —n. comedian, stand-up comic. COMMAND Order of authority Nouns—1, co...

  • Page 147

    comment [ 137 ] commonplace comment, n. observation, remark, barter; conversation; sex. note, reflection, criticism, annota-commercial, adj. mercantile, trade; tion; aside, opinion; talk, gossip. salable. See barter, sale. —n. See interpretation, conversa-ad[vertisement], spot [announce-tion. ...

  • Page 148

    common sense [ 138 ] communication unusual, special. bance, unrest, excitement, tur-common sense, n. logic, reason (see bulence. intelligence, judgment). communal, adj. public, common. commonwealth, n. state, commu-See humanity. nity, body politic, government. commune, v.i. communicate, con-See a...

  • Page 149

    communion [ 139 ] company Java; Web browser, Mosaic, Netscape, Internet Explorer; service provider, gate, portal; archie, gopher, veronica, jughead, WAIS; listserv, [anony -mous] FTP (file transfer protocol), TCP/IP, telnet; mailbox, spam[ming], crossposting, junk mail, spoiler; on-line help, te...

  • Page 150

    comparison [ 140 ] compensation COMPARISON Representation as similar Nouns—1, comparison, matching, examining side by side, holding up to comparison; cross-check, verification; analogy, parallel; contrast, opposi-tion; relation. 2, comparability, similarity. Verbs—1, compare, liken, examine ...

  • Page 151

    compete [ 141 ] completion offsetting, etc.; retaliatory; equivalent, equal. Adverbs—in return, in consideration; but, however, yet, still, notwithstand-ing, despite, in spite of, in the face of, in any case or event; nevertheless, anyhow; although, though; albeit; at all events, at any rate; b...

  • Page 152

    complex [ 142 ] comply 4, ripen, mature, culminate; run its course, run one’s race, reach the goal, arrive; get in the harvest. 5, fill, charge, load; fill or piece out, replenish, eke out; fill up, saturate. See sufficiency. Adjectives—1, complete, perfect, consummate, full-fledged; dia...

  • Page 153

    component [ 143 ] compromise component, n. part, element, fac-tion); settle, adjust; create, for-tor, constituent, ingredient; mak-mulate; calm, quiet, relax. See in-ings, fixings; link, feature, mem-excitability, music, writing. ber. composed, adj. cool, unruffled, col-comport, v. behave or co...

  • Page 154

    compulsion [ 144 ] computers Verbs—1, compromise, take the mean, split the difference, strike a balance or a happy medium; meet one or go halfway, go fifty-fifty, give and take; come to terms, settle out of court; submit to arbitration; patch up, bridge over, arrange; adjust differences; agre...

  • Page 155

    computers [ 145 ] computers 386, 486, Pentium, PowerPC, G3, or G4 processor; personal computer, desktop computer, portable, laptop, notebook, or palmtop [computer]; pe-ripheral; digitizer; binary system; computerese, computer literacy; com-puter science, cybernation, electronic or desktop publish...

  • Page 156

    computers [ 146 ] computers cumulator, arithmetic logic unit, ALU, motherboard, backplane, logic board, buffer, card, accelerator board or card; firmware; clock; expansion slot, data bus, channel, card, chad; parallel or serial port, COM or LPT port, small computer system interface, SCSI, univer...

  • Page 157

    comrade [ 147 ] concealment comrade, n. friend, companion, —v. & n., slang, swindle (see de-mate, fellow, associate; commu-ception). nist. See accompaniment. concatenate, v.t. link (see continu-con, v.t. steer, pilot (see direction). ity, connection). CONCAVITY Shape like the inside of a sp...

  • Page 158

    concede [ 148 ] concern sink, suppress, keep out of sight, keep in the background; stifle, hush up, gloss over, black out, cover up, smother, withhold, stonewall, bleep, blip, reserve; keep a secret, keep one’s own counsel, hold one’s tongue; not let the right hand know what the left is doin...

  • Page 159

    concert [ 149 ] condense worry, solicitude, regard; signifi-cance, import, interest; firm, busi-ness. See relation, impor-tance, doubt. concert, n. recital, program, sere-nade, musicale; cooperation, agreement, harmony, accord; conspiracy. See music, unity. concession, n. compromise; grant, fra...

  • Page 160

    condescend [ 150 ] conductor condescend, v.i. stoop, deign, de-scend, vouchsafe. See humility, pride. condiment, n. seasoning, sauce, spice, relish, chutney; herb, car-away; salt, pepper, cayenne, mus-tard, curry, onion, garlic, pickle, catsup, vinegar, mayonnaise, olive oil, salad dressing. See ...

  • Page 161

    conduit [ 151 ] conformity (inf.); transmitter, conveyor. See transportation, music. conduit, n. channel, duct, passage. cone-shaped, adj. conic[al], co-noid[al]; coniferous, pyramidal. See sharpness, rotundity. confection, n. sweet, candy, bonbon. See sweetness, clothing. confederacy, n. confede...

  • Page 162

    confound [ 152 ] conglomerate as others do, in Rome do as the Romans do; go or swim with the stream or current, keep in step. 2, (be a model) exemplify, be a model for, set the pace or fashion; stand on ceremony. Adjectives—conformable; conforming, regular (see regularity); well-regulated, orde...

  • Page 163

    congratulation [ 153 ] connection CONGRATULATION Felicitation Nouns—congratulation[s], gratulation, felicitation; salute; compliments [of the season], etc.; pat or slap on the back, best wishes; toast. Slang, high or slapping five. See approbation, flattery. Verbs—congratulate, gratulate, f...

  • Page 164

    connivance [ 154 ] consent lag, machine, panhead, Robertson or Phillips] screw, setscrew, spike, staple, anchor, [anchor, chain, expansion, drift, extension, eye, hanger, machine, ring, toggle, or wing] bolt, [cotter] pin, staple, tack, thumbtack; rivet. 5, (adhering link) adhesive, Scotch, doubl...

  • Page 165

    consequence [ 155 ] consistency fall in with, accede, accept, embrace an offer, close with, take at one’s word, have no objection; satisfy, meet one’s wishes, come to terms; turn a willing ear (see will); jump at; vouchsafe. Adjectives—consenting, acquiescent, compliant, willing, easy, doci...

  • Page 166

    consistent [ 156 ] consummate agreement, regularity. consistent, adj. accordant, coherent, uniform, congruous, compatible, consonant, harmonious; reconcil-able; homogeneous, regular. See agreement, unity, regular-ity. consolation, n. condolence, solace, sympathy; assuagement, sop; en-couragement....

  • Page 167

    consumption [ 157 ] contempt fection. contact, n. intermediary, middleman consumption, n. destruction, (see agent). —v., informal, get in use, burning; tuberculosis. See touch (with). See contact. disease, waste. CONTACT Touching of two things Nouns—contact, contiguity, abutment, touch, conne...

  • Page 168

    contend [ 158 ] content praise; sneeze at, sneer at; curl one’s lip, toss one’s head, look down one’s nose at; draw oneself up; laugh at or off, brush off; be disrespectful, point the finger of scorn, hold up to scorn, laugh to scorn; scout, hoot, flout, hiss, scoff at, jeer, revile, taun...

  • Page 169

    contention [ 159 ] context CONTENTION Act of contending Nouns—1, (act of contending) contention, strife, contest, contestation, alter-cation, infighting; struggle; belligerency, pugnacity, combativeness (see irascibility); competition, rivalry; litigation (see lawsuit); opposition; bone of con...

  • Page 170

    contiguity [ 160 ] contraception sition, situation. See environ-incidental, accidental, casual. See ment. chance, liability, circum-contiguity, n. juxtaposition, abut-stance, qualification. ment, union, meeting. See con-continual, adj. constant; repeated, tact. frequent. See frequency, conti-con...

  • Page 171

    contraceptive [ 161 ] control drance. promise, bargain, covenant, stipu-contraceptive, adj. See hindrance. lation, convention. contract, n. compact, agreement, CONTRACTION Shrinking Nouns—1, (becoming smaller) contraction, reduction, diminution; decrease; shrinking, shriveling, atrophy, astring...

  • Page 172

    controversy [ 162 ] conversation regulation. See authority, evi-dence. controversy, n. contention, dispute, argument, discord, discussion, debate, quarrel, wrangle, alterca-tion. controvert, v.t. deny, contradict, contravene, traverse (legal), im-pugn, refute, confute, oppose, ar-gue against, dis...

  • Page 173

    converse [ 163 ] convexity 3, (formal discussion group) conference, consortium, parley, palaver, con-sultation; interview, audience, press conference, audition, pourparler; conversazione; congress, council; debate, logomachy, war of words; panel discussion, symposium, colloquium, forum; teleconfe...

  • Page 174

    convey [ 164 ] convulse cony, eaves; pilaster; boss; relief, bas-relief, cameo. Verbs—project, bulge, protrude, pout, bunch; billow; jut, stand, stick, or poke out; start up, shoot up or out; arch, vault; swell, bag, bloat, intu-mesce, hang over, bend over; beetle; raise, emboss, chase. Adjecti...

  • Page 175

    cook [ 165 ] cook, v.t. prepare, concoct, fix, make; roast, broil, boil, fry, etc.; informal, doctor; slang, ruin, spoil. See food, heat, deterio-ration, falsehood. cooking, n. cookery, cuisine; culi-nary art. See preparation, food. cookie, n. wafer, biscuit; shortbread, sugar cookie, gingersnap...

  • Page 176

    coordinate [ 166 ] corner Quotations—Government and cooperation are in all things the laws of life (John Ruskin). Antonyms, see opposition. coordinate, v.t. equalize, adapt, har-monize, synchronize, adjust; or-ganize. See arrangement. cop, v. seize, grasp, take; steal, filch, pilfer; win, capt...

  • Page 177

    cornerstone [ 167 ] correspondence ners, economize, save money; take a shortcut. See economy, shortness. cornerstone, n. keystone, salient point. See importance, build-ing. cornucopia, n. horn of plenty or of Amalthea. See sufficiency. corny, adj., slang, sentimental, mushy, sticky; old-fashione...

  • Page 178

    corridor [ 168 ] council Verbs—correspond, write; write to, send or post a letter to, keep up a corre-spondence (with); write back, acknowledge, answer, reply, RSVP; mail, send, post. Informal, drop a line. Adjectives—postal; epistolary; mail-order. Adverbs—by mail, by letter. Phrases—RSV...

  • Page 179

    counsel [ 169 ] countryman ber of deputies, legislature, congress, diet, divan; county council, city coun-cil; court, forum, tribunal, court of appeal[s]; consistory; diocesan, plenary, or ecumenical council; Council of Trent or Nicaea, Vatican Council, Lat-eran Council; vestry; grievance committ...

  • Page 180

    coup [ 170 ] courage See friend, populace. coup. See revolution. coup, n. stroke, master stroke. See coup d’œil, Fr. glance. See vision. impulse, skill, cunning. couple, v.t. join, tie, link; yoke, coup de grâce, Fr. finishing blow, unite, pair; marry. See junction, mercy killing. See killi...

  • Page 181

    courier [ 171 ] courtesy Quotations—Fortune sides with him who dares (Virgil), Courage mounteth with occasion (Shakespeare), No man is a hero to his valet (Mme. Cor-nuel), See, the conquering hero comes! Sound the trumpets, beat the drums! (Thomas Morell ), Every hero becomes a bore at last (Em...

  • Page 182

    courtier [ 172 ] covering ciality); pass the time of day; dance attendance on (see servility); pay attentions to, do homage to (see respect). 4, (show good manners) mind one’s Ps and Qs, behave oneself, be all things to all men, conciliate, speak one fair, take in good part; look as if butter w...

  • Page 183

    coverage [ 173 ] cowardice envelope, vesicle. 6, (coating layer) overlay, film; veneer, facing; pavement; scale, layer; coating, paint (see painting); masking tape; varnish; incrustation, ground; whitewash, plaster, stucco, compo; siding; lining; cerement. 7, (animal covering) integument; skin, ...

  • Page 184

    cowboy [ 174 ] crawl Cowards die many times before their deaths (Shakespeare). Antonyms, see courage. cowboy, n. cowherd, cowman, cow-girl, cowpoke; cattleman or -woman, cowpuncher, cowhand, buckaroo; wrangler, broncobuster; trail boss, top hand; vaquero, gau-cho, ranchero, pard[ner] (sl.). See d...

  • Page 185

    crayon [ 175 ] credulity ity, slowness, lowness. crayon, n. grease or wax pencil, pastel, chalk. See painting. craze, v.t. derange, unbalance, mad-den, unsettle. See insanity. —n. fad, rage. See fashion. crazy, adj. insane (see insanity). Ant., sane. creak, v.i. squeak, stridulate. See loudness...

  • Page 186

    creed [ 176 ] crinkle 2, superstition, old wives’ tale, popular belief; urban myth. 3, dupe, gull, April fool. Informal, sucker, fruit, pigeon, schlemiel, tool, woodcock, zib, jay, [Joe] Schmo, [easy] mark, sap, schnook, patsy, pushover. Verbs—1, be credulous; fall for, take on trust or faith...

  • Page 187

    cripple [ 177 ] crossing crimp, corrugate. —n. wrinkle, crease. See furrow. cripple, v.t. disable, incapacitate, unfit; lame, paralyze, maim; hurt, enfeeble, cramp. See impotence, hindrance, weakness. crisis, n. turning point, juncture; ex-igency, emergency, extremity, pinch, trial, crux, crun...

  • Page 188

    crossroads [ 178 ] crush interweave, interlink; decussate; twine, entwine, weave, inweave, reticu-late, twist, wreathe; mat, plait, braid, twill; tangle, entangle, ravel; net, knot; raddle (dial.). Adjectives—crossing, crossed, crisscross, antiparallel; matted, transverse; cross[-shaped], cruci...

  • Page 189

    crust [ 179 ] culprit overwhelm, suppress, blot out; hull, incrustation; slang, nerve shame, disconcert. See contrac-(see courage). See covering. tion, destruction, powderi-crutch, n. staff, walking stick; sup-ness, humility. —n. press, pres-port; crotch (see angularity). sure; crowd; slang, in...

  • Page 190

    cult [ 180 ] cunning cult, n. cultus, sect, religion,de-velopment, education, learning; nomination; worship, devotion; enlightenment; refinement, breed-school [of thought], belief; mys-ing, polish; civilization. See agri-tique, fad, craze, vogue. culture, courtesy, improve-cultivate, v.t. farm, ...

  • Page 191

    cup [ 181 ] cursory cup, n. mug, tankard, chalice, gob-slacken, retard. —n. restraint, let; [Holy] Grail; excavation, hol-check, control; curb market; curb-low, crater. See receptacle, con-stone. See hindrance. cavity, approbation. curdle, v. clabber; curd, clot, cupboard, n. closet, storeroom;...

  • Page 192

    curt [ 182 ] cutthroat haste. tinuance. curt, adj. short, concise, brief, suc-curtain, n. screen, veil, valance, cinct; snappish, tart, rude, drapery, portiere, hanging, blind, brusque, bluff, blunt, abrupt. See shade. See concealment. shortness, discourtesy. curtsy, n. bow, reverence. See curtai...

  • Page 193

    cutting [ 183 ] dance severity, contention. cutting, adj. sharp, incisive, keen-edged; biting, stinging, acrimo-nious, sarcastic, caustic, tart; bitter, raw, nippy. See disap-probation, sharpness, cold, ridicule. cutting edge, n. forefront, avant garde, lead. See priority, prece-dence. cycle, n. ...

  • Page 194

    dance [ 184 ] dance courante, galliard, galop, gavotte, minuet, passacaglia, pavane, polonaise, saltarello, saraband. d. folk or popular dance; slam dancing, dirty danc-ing, disco dancing, break dancing, hip-hop; barn dance, breakdown, chica, contredanse, country dance, écossaise, [highland] fl...

  • Page 195

    dander [ 185 ] danger go-go dancer, exotic [dancer], topless dancer, burlesque dancer, variety dancer. Slang, hoofer, taxi dancer; stripper, coffee-grinder; jitterdoll or -jane, rugcutter. 5, dance hall, ballroom; discotheque. Slang, glad pads. Verbs—dance, glide, jug, flutter; jazz dance, tap...

  • Page 196

    dangle [ 186 ] darn shielded, vulnerable, pregnable, exposed, open (to); at bay, on the rocks; hanging by a thread, between life and death, between Scylla and Charyb-dis, between two fires, between the Devil and the deep blue sea; on the edge, in deep [water], out on a limb, on the brink or verg...

  • Page 197

    dart [ 187 ] deafness See restoration. dart, v. hurl, cast, throw; spring, rush; dartle. —n. spear, javelin, arrow; dash; seam. See arms, ve-locity, haste, propulsion. dash, v. shatter, smash; frustrate, dishearten; hurl, cast; dart. See destruction, dejection, haste, propulsion. —n. élan, ...

  • Page 198

    deal [ 188 ] death Adjectives—1, deaf, earless, surd; hard or dull of hearing, hearing-impaired, unhearing; deaf-mute, deaf-and-dumb; stone-deaf, deafened, deaf as a post or an adder; tone-deaf. 2, closed-captioned. Antonyms, see hearing. deal, v.t. apportion, allocate, allot, distribute; barte...

  • Page 199

    death [ 189 ] death 2, (surroundings of death) death warrant, death watch, death rattle, deathbed; stroke, agonies, or shades of death; valley of the shadow of death, jaws, gates, or hand of death, great divide; last breath, last gasp, last agonies; dying day or breath; swan song; rigor mortis; S...

  • Page 200

    deathless [ 190 ] debt bered with the dead; stillborn, extinct; beyond the veil. Informal, dead as a doornail, stone dead, stiff, pushing up the daisies, six feet under, done in. Slang, eighty-sixed, iced, on ice, ten toes up. 2, fatal, deadly (see killing). 3, (in the process of dying) dying, mo...

  • Page 201

    debunk [ 191 ] deception 4, interest, usury; interest rate, points, prime rate, bank rate; simple or compound interest. 5, lender, banker, mortgagee, pawnbroker, pawnshop. Verbs—1, be in debt, owe; incur or contract a debt; run up a bill or a score, run a tab, run up an account; borrow (see bor...

  • Page 202

    deception [ 192 ] deception hanky-panky, blarney; weasel words; fine print; thimble-rig, card-sharping, artful dodge, swindle, racket, shell game; stratagem, artifice. Slang, sell, spoof, con or badger game, [flim]flam, gyp, scam, sting, dipsy-doodle, fast one, head trip, jay, snow job, gig, ...

  • Page 203

    decide [ 193 ] decomposition hood); mock, sham, make-believe, counterfeit, pseudo, spurious, so-called, pretended, feigned, trumped up, bogus, fraudulent, tricky, facti-tious, artificial, bastard, fake; surreptitious, underhand[ed], illegitimate, contraband, adulterated, sophisticated; unsound, ...

  • Page 204

    decor [ 194 ] deduction decor, n. decoration. See orna-decorum, n. decency; protocol. See ment. agreement, fashion. decoration, n. ornament, garnish-decoy, v.t. entice, lure, entrap. See ment, trimming; trophy, ribbon, attraction, deception. etc. (see approbation). DECREASE Diminution Nouns—1, ...

  • Page 205

    deed [ 195 ] defense 2, censor, expurgate, bowdlerize, cut, edit; castrate, circumcise; excise, delete, edit; abridge (see shortness). Informal, bleep [out]. Adjectives—deducted, deductive, deducible, subtractive; sawed off; censorial, expurgative. Prepositions—minus, diminished by, less; wit...

  • Page 206

    defenseless [ 196 ] defiance coat; shield, buckler, aegis; gorget, ailette, brassard, pallette, epaulière, pauldron, vambrace, cubitiere, gauntlet, plastron, breastplate, cuirass, skirt of tasses, fauld, habergeon, mail, hauberk, kneepiece, poleyn, tuille, cuisse, greave, jambeau, lorication, b...

  • Page 207

    deficient [ 197 ] Dei gratia tuous, bold, rebellious. Informal, brassy, saucy, cheeky. Adverbs—defiantly, in defiance, in the teeth of; under one’s very nose. Phrases—you can lead a horse to water, but you can’t make him drink. Antonyms, see obedience, fear. deficient, adj. lacking, w...

  • Page 208

    deity [ 198 ] déjà vu DEITY Divine nature Nouns—1, (nature of God) Deity, Divinity; Godhead, Godship; Omnipo-tence, Providence; anima mundi. 2, (God’s names) a. God, Lord; Jehovah, Yahweh, Jah, JHVH, Tetragram-maton, Adonai, Elohim, Shaddai, S[h]iva; Supreme Being, First Cause; Author or Cr...

  • Page 209

    dejection [ 199 ] dejection DEJECTION Sadness Nouns—1, dejection, dejectedness, depression; lowness or depression of spir-its; weight or damp on the spirits; low, bad, drooping, or depressed spirits; sinking heart, heaviness of heart; heaviness, gloom; weariness, disgust of life; homesickness; ...

  • Page 210

    de jure [ 200 ] demand as single spies, but in battalions (Shakespeare), I tell you, hopeless grief is passionless (Elizabeth Browning), Sorrow is tranquillity remembered in emotion (Dorothy Parker), Suffering is the sole origin of consciousness (Fyodor Dostoyevsky), The flesh is sad, alas, and ...

  • Page 211

    demanding [ 201 ] demonstrate timatum; market; command. See fault; defect, failing. See error, price, justice. disapprobation. Ant., [gold] star, demanding, adj. arduous, difficult; credit. insistent, exacting. See diffi-demise, n. death; transfer. culty, command. Ant., lax, per-demobilize, v. ...

  • Page 212

    demonstration [ 202 ] density DEMONSTRATION Act of proving Nouns—demonstration, substantiation, proof, probation, verification, au-thentication; confirmation, corroboration, evidence; conclusiveness; test (see experiment); argument (see reasoning). See demonstration. Verbs—1, demonstrate, p...

  • Page 213

    dent [ 203 ] departure 2, (act of becoming dense) condensation, solidification, consolidation, concretion, coagulation, petrifaction; crystallization, precipitation; thick-ening, jelling, curdling, setting; indissolubility, infrangibility. See hard-ness. 3, (dense matter) solid, mass, block, kno...

  • Page 214

    depend [ 204 ] deprecate one’s heels, beat a retreat, make oneself scarce, run for it, cut and run, steal away, slip or take off; take flight, take wing; spring, fly, flit, wing one’s way, fly away, embark; go on board, go aboard; set sail, put to sea, go to sea, sail, push off; take ship...

  • Page 215

    depreciate [ 205 ] depth depreciate, v. disparage, derogate, decrease. discredit, belittle, cheapen, slump, depression, n. recession, slow-fall, rundown (inf.), knock (sl.). down. See detraction, cheapness, DEPRESSION Pressing downward Noun—1, depression, lowering; dip (see concavity); abasemen...

  • Page 216

    deputy [ 206 ] description deputy, n. agent, representative, delegate; substitute, proxy; envoy; factor; deputy sheriff. See substi-tution, commission. derangement, n. craziness (see in-sanity); disturbance, upset, imbalance; confusion, turmoil, disorder; disconcertment, dis-comfiture, discompos...

  • Page 217

    desecrate [ 207 ] desire circumstantial, or graphic account; narration, recital, rehearsal, relation, recitation. See list, news. 2, history, oral or written history; biography, autobiography; necrology, obituary; narrative, memoir, curriculum vitae; annals, chronicle, legend, story, tale, yarn, ...

  • Page 218

    desire [ 208 ] desire eagerness, impatience, overanxiety; hope. 5, (hunger) [sharp] appetite, keenness, hunger, torment of Tantalus, raven -ousness, voracity, gluttony; thirst, thirstiness; itch[ing]. Informal, sweet tooth, the munchies. 6, avarice, greed[iness], itching palm, covetousness, acqui...

  • Page 219

    desist [ 209 ] destiny If all the rich people in the world divided up their money among them-selves there wouldn’t be enough to go round (Christina Stead), Hitch your wagon to a star (Emerson), Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself and falls on the other (Shakespeare). Antonyms, see hate,...

  • Page 220

    destitute [ 210 ] destruction in the lap of the gods, in the offing, in reserve; in prospect, expected (see expectation), looming in the distance or future or on the horizon; in-evitable. 2, fatalistic, determinalist, deterministic. Adverbs—1, in time, in the long run; all in good time; eventu...

  • Page 221

    desultory [ 211 ] detergent or wreck, go to the dogs or wall, go to wrack and ruin; go by the board, go all to smash; be all up or over with; cook one’s goose; totter to its fall; [self-]destruct. 3, (break up) smash, dash, quell, squash, squelch, crumple up, shatter, shiver (see brittleness); ...

  • Page 222

    deterioration [ 212 ] deterioration DETERIORATION Growing worse Nouns—1, deterioration, debasement; wane, ebb (see decrease); decline, declension; relapse, backsliding (see regression); recession; rust belt. 2, (moral deterioration) degeneracy, degeneration, degenerateness, degrada-tion; comedo...

  • Page 223

    determinate [ 213 ] devaluate, devalue thing degenerates in the hands of man (Jean-Jacques Rousseau). Antonyms, see improvement. determinate, adj. fixed, definite. See certainty. Ant., indeterminate. determination, n. resolution, will, firmness; judgment; mea-surement. determine, v.t. decide, ...

  • Page 224

    devastate [ 214 ] devour ness, underestimation. improvement, expansion. devastate, v.t. [lay] waste, ravage, development, n. outgrowth, conse-desolate, pillage; ruin, raze, de-quence; growth, expansion; stroy, demolish; informal, disap-change, evolution; [building] point, crush. See destruction, ...

  • Page 225

    devout [ 215 ] difference sume, destroy. See food, glut-tony, destruction, use. devout, adj. pious, reverent, reli-gious, godly, worshiping, fervent, sincere. See piety, feeling. Ant., impious. dew, n. dewdrops, night damp. See moisture. dexterous, adj. skillful (see skill, facility). Ant., awkwa...

  • Page 226

    differentiate [ 216 ] difficulty mity); deviation; disparity, inequality, differential, margin; distinction, contradistinction; analysis, hairsplitting; nice, fine, delicate, or subtle dis-tinction; generation gap; ableism, ageism; incongruence, shade of differ-ence, nuance; discordance, discri...

  • Page 227

    difficulty [ 217 ] difficulty ter, hornet’s nest; sea of troubles, deep water; pretty kettle of fish, fat is in the fire, the devil to pay, can of worms, where the shoe pinches; imbroglio, mess, impasse, deadlock, moment of truth, point of no return; gridlock; fi-nal straw; scrape, cul-de-...

  • Page 228

    diffident [ 218 ] dimension women do, they must do it twice as well as men to be thought half as good. Luckily, this is not difficult (Charlotte Whitton). Antonyms, see facility. diffident, adj. shy, timid; restrained. dispersed; verbose. See disper-See humility, modesty. sion, diffuseness. di...

  • Page 229

    diminish [ 219 ] direction diminish, v. lessen, reduce, shrink, traction. Ant., increase. abridge; wane, dwindle, peter out, diminutive, adj. small, little, tiny, decrease. See littleness, con-wee. See littleness. DIMNESS Shadowiness Nouns—dimness, obscurity, shadow, shade; darkness, opacity; p...

  • Page 230

    directive [ 220 ] director southwest; west, westward, occident, sunset; rhumb, azimuth, vector, line of collimation; arrow. 3, line, path, course, road, range, quarter, line of march; alignment. See motion, travel. 4, (device for changing direction) helm, rudder, joystick; needle, compass; guidin...

  • Page 231

    directory [ 221 ] disagreement perintendent, supervisor; executive director; overseer, foreman, over -looker; inspector, visitor, ranger, surveyor, aedile, moderator, monitor, taskmaster; employer; master, [born] leader, ringleader, demagogue, con -ductor, precentor, bellwether, agitator, boss. I...

  • Page 232

    disappearance [ 222 ] disapprobation Adverbs—in disagreement; discordantly. Quotations—If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer (Henry Thoreau). Antonyms, see agreement, relation. DISAPPEARANCE Vanishing Nouns—disappearance, evanesc...

  • Page 233

    disapprobation [ 223 ] disapprobation knock, slam, king’s elevator, royal shaft. 4, (petty criticism) cavil, carping, censure, censoriousness; reprehension, remonstrance, expostulation, reproof, reprobation, reproach; chiding, up -braiding, rebuke, reprimand, castigation, lecture, scolding, tri...

  • Page 234

    disarm [ 224 ] disclosure swerable, uncommendable, objectionable, exceptionable, not to be thought of, beyond the pale; bad, vicious (see improbity). Slang, in the doghouse. Adverbs—with a wry face; reproachfully, etc. Interjections—thumbs down! it won’t do [at all]! it will never do!; God ...

  • Page 235

    discolor [ 225 ] discontent whistleblower, flasher, dangler. Verbs—1, disclose, uncover, discover, detect, find, unmask, expose; lift or raise the veil or curtain; reveal, unveil, unfold, unseal, break the seal; lay open or bare, show up, bring to light, let into the secret; tell, inform (see...

  • Page 236

    discontinuance [ 226 ] discord Verbs—1, be discontented or dissatisfied; quarrel with one’s bread and butter; repine, regret; take on, take to heart; shrug the shoulders, make a wry face, pull a long face, knot one’s brows, look blue or black, look blank, look glum; cut off one’s nose to...

  • Page 237

    discotheque [ 227 ] discourtesy ture, disorder, house divided against itself; breach. 2, (verbal discord) quarrel, falling-out, dispute, debate, argument, discus -sion, controversy, squabble, tiff, altercation, hassle, [high] words, wran -gling, bicker, flap, spat, jangle, cross questions and cr...

  • Page 238

    discover [ 228 ] disdain 4, (discourteous person) bear, brute, boor, churl, cad, heel, blackguard, saucebox, beast; frump; bull in a china shop; cold fish. Informal, cross-patch. Slang, sleazeball, slimeball or -bucket. Verbs—1, be discourteous, be rude; speak out of turn; insult, cut, treat w...

  • Page 239

    disease [ 229 ] disease DISEASE Condition of ill health Nouns—1, disease, illness, sickness, ailment, ailing; morbidity, infirmity, ailment, indisposition; complaint, disorder, malady; functional disorder. 2, condition, affliction, disorder, syndrome; pre-existing condition; envi-ronmental or...

  • Page 240

    disease [ 230 ] disease dia, tachycardia, cardiac arrest, fibrillation, heart murmur, palpitation. f. headache, cephalalgia, migraine; insomnia, sleeplessness; anxiety, hys-teria, mania, illusion, confusion, incoherence, toxic shock syndrome, Munich syndrome, Gulf War syndrome. g. apnea, asthma,...

  • Page 241

    disease [ 231 ] disease pericarditis, rheumatic heart disease, Barlow’s syndrome. j. (cancer) can-cer, carcinoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, melanoma. k. (nutritional disorder) beriberi, food poisoning, botulism, kwashiorkor, pellagra, rickets, salmonella pois...

  • Page 242

    disembark [ 232 ] disincline the gills. 2, unsound, unhealthy; sickly, rheumy, phthisic, scorbutic, tubercular, an[a]emic, cadaverous, delicate, infirm, drooping, flagging, lame, palsied, paralytic, dyspeptic, weak (see impotence); crippled, halt, halting; de -crepit; decayed, deteriorated; inc...

  • Page 243

    disinfect [ 233 ] dislike discourage. See dislike, dissua-prive. See nullification. sion. disintegrate, v. break up, separate, disinfect, v.t. sterilize, sanitize, pu-decompose; decay, crumble, dis-rify, fumigate. See cleanness. solve, fall apart. See disjunc-disinfectant, n. antiseptic, germi-t...

  • Page 244

    dislocate [ 234 ] disobedience unwillingness); repugnance, disgust, nausea, loathing; antipathy, aver -sion, enmity, hate, animosity, no love lost; phobia (see fear). 2, unpopularity, lack of favor. 3, persona non grata; not one’s cup of tea. Slang, geek, scumbag, hairbag, jerkoff, sleazeball, ...

  • Page 245

    disorder [ 235 ] disorder blue flu. See illegality. 3, insurgent, mutineer, rebel, revolter, rioter, insurgent, seceder, runagate, brat, brawler. Verbs—disobey, violate, infringe; defy; riot, run riot, run amuck, fly in the face of; take the law into one’s own hands; kick over the traces; s...

  • Page 246

    disorganize [ 236 ] displacement Adverbs—irregularly, by fits and starts; pell-mell, in a ferment, at sixes and sevens, at cross purposes; upside down, higgledy-piggledy, harum-scarum, willy-nilly, any or every which way. Quotations—Confusion worse confounded (Milton), Chaos often breeds lif...

  • Page 247

    display [ 237 ] disrepute transposition; ejection, dislodgment, exile; removal (see transporta -tion); fish out of water; dispossession, disestablishment; migration. Slang, golden exile, outplacement. 2, displaced person, DP; displaced homemaker; expatriate, refugee, evac -uee boat person; Ishma...

  • Page 248

    disrespect [ 238 ] disrespect 3, disreputable person, scoundrel, reprobate, miscreant, scapegrace, de-generate; stigmatized house. Slang, lowlife. See evildoer, badness, im-probity, impurity. Verbs—1, be in disrepute, be discredited, incur disgrace, lose face, fall from grace, have a bad name, ...

  • Page 249

    disrobe [ 239 ] dissent rude, derisive, sarcastic; scurrilous, contumelious; unrespected, unenvied, unsaluted, unregarded, disregarded. Quotations—When you call me that, smile! (Owen Wister), As a matter of fact, we both are [offensive], and the only difference is that I am trying to be, and yo...

  • Page 250

    dissertation [ 240 ] distance DISSERTATION Formal discourse Nouns—1, dissertation, essay, thesis, term paper, theme; research paper, monograph, treatment; lecture, sermon, homily, tract; discussion, disqui-sition; treatise, discourse, screed, diatribe; exposition, study, critique (see interpret...

  • Page 251

    distaste [ 241 ] distortion or out of the way of, keep off, stand aloof, sit back, steer or stand clear of. See discourtesy. Adjectives—distant, remote; telescopic; far off, faraway; wide of; stretching to; yon[der]; ulterior, transmarine, overseas, transpontine, transatlantic, transpacific, t...

  • Page 252

    distract [ 242 ] disuse double vision; Down’s syndrome, mongolism; elephant man’s disease, neurofibromatosis, humpback, kyphosis; curvature of the spine, scoliosis, lordosis, swayback, kyphosis, spina bifida; cerebral palsy; [central or con -ductive] hearing loss. See ugliness. 3, contortio...

  • Page 253

    ditch [ 243 ] divestment solesce, be superseded (see substitution); taper off. 3, discard, abandon, throw aside or away, toss or throw out, relinquish; make away with, cast overboard, cast to the winds, jettison; dismantle, etc. Informal, scrap, junk, deep-six. 4, be unaccustomed to, break or wea...

  • Page 254

    divide [ 244 ] do 2, peel, pare, shell, decorticate, excoriate, skin, scale; scalp, shave, shear; flay; expose, lay open; exfoliate, molt; cast the skin. Adjectives—divested, denuded, bare, naked, shorn, nude, in a state of nature, in one’s birthday suit, with nothing on, stark naked, in the...

  • Page 255

    docile [ 245 ] domestication manage; solve, finish, work out; serve, render; informal, swindle, defraud. See action, comple-tion, production. docile, adj. gentle, tractable, teach-able, submissive. See consent, submission. dock, n. dockage, mooring; berth, wharf, pier, slip, quay; anchorage, mar...

  • Page 256

    domicile [ 246 ] dotage swine, pig, shoat, suckling pig; horse, colt, pony, filly, mare, bronco, mus -tang, cutting or stock horse, stallion, stud horse, gelding; saddle, draft, or workhorse; sheep. b. poultry, [domestic] fowl, chicken, bantam, brahma, Cornish, leghorn, plymouth rock, Rhode Isla...

  • Page 257

    dote [ 247 ] doubt dote, v.i. like, be fond of; worship, double-cross, v.t., slang, betray. adore, be infatuated (with). See —n. betrayal. See improbity. love. double-dealing, adj. & n. treachery. double, adj. twofold, duplicate, du-See falsehood. plex, dual. —v.t. duplicate, in-double me...

  • Page 258

    doubtless [ 248 ] draft Phrases—tell it to the marines!, councils of war never fight, between two stools one falls to the ground, he who hesitates is lost; when in doubt, do nothing. Quotations—The fool hath said in his heart: There is no God (Bible), Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will...

  • Page 259

    draftee [ 249 ] drama scription, levy; load, pull, displace-protract, draw out; lag, dawdle, ment; check, bill of exchange, de-inch along. Slang, race. See slow -mand note. See drinking, money, ness, traction, lateness. —in credit, depth. —v.t. outline; drag, cross-dressed (see cloth- draw, s...

  • Page 260

    dramatis personae [ 250 ] drawback loges, gallery, peanut gallery; greenroom; festival seating. c. stage, proscenium, apron, forestage; the scene, the boards; trap; wings, flies; up-or downstage, stage right or left; float, light, spotlight, footlight; orches-tra pit, dressing room, quick-chang...

  • Page 261

    drawing [ 251 ] drinking objection, disadvantage. See evil. Ant., advantage, benefit. drawing, n. picture, sketch, plan; de-lineation. See painting. —draw-ing card, draw, attraction. drawl, n. brogue, burr (see speech). dread, v.t. & n. See fear. Ant., wel-come. dreadful, adj. fearful, dir...

  • Page 262

    drinking [ 252 ] drinking varnish, embalming fluid, juice, goat hair, gunpowder, jungle juice, blue ruin, nose paint, tiger milk, eyewater, snake medicine, mule, mother’s ruin, neck-oil, sauce, white lightning, redeye, cactus juice, gauge, panther piss, juniper juice, Mexican milk, leg-opener,...

  • Page 263

    drinking [ 253 ] drinking ety, inebriation; ebriety, ebriosity; insobriety; wine bibbing; bacchanals, bacchanalia, libations; alcoholism, alcohol abuse, dipsomania, oenoma -nia; delirium tremens, DTs, fantods, jitters; hangover; twelve steps. Infor -mal, bust. Slang, binge, tear, bat, toot, jag, ...

  • Page 264

    drip [ 254 ] drugs I have taken more good from alcohol than alcohol has taken from me (Winston Churchill), Better sleep with a sober cannibal than a drunken Christian (Herman Melville), Work is the curse of the drinking classes (Oscar Wilde). Antonyms, see moderation. drip, v.i. drop, dribble, tr...

  • Page 265

    drugs [ 255 ] drugs [anti]depressant, hallucinogen, psychedelic, tranquilizer, opiate, sedative, ataraxic [drug], aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, atropine, mandrake, nicotine. Slang, dope, stuff, junk, bam, chemicals, bang, basketball, biscuit, Nixon, happy dust. b. [meth]amphetamine, pep or diet pil...

  • Page 266

    drum [ 256 ] dryness key, kilo, lid, line, mike, paper, spoon, taste, quill. 4, dose, injection; acid trip, bad trip, panic, jag; [crack, water, or marijuana] pipe, narghile, chillum, crutch; dropper, [hypodermic] syringe, outfit, rig, paraphernalia; stash. Informal, hypo, needle; scrip. Slang, ...

  • Page 267

    dual [ 257 ] dumpling dehumidification; thirst; drainage; curing, mummification, freeze-drying (see preservation); evaporation. 2, drought; ebb tide, low water. 3, [hair, blow, clothes, etc.] dryer, dehydrator, dehumidifier, desiccator. Verbs—dry (up), soak (up), sponge, swab, wipe [dry], to...

  • Page 268

    dumpy [ 258 ] durability matzo [balls]. See food. paw; fool; puppet, tool; butt, dumpy, adj. stocky, chubby, chunky laughingstock, April fool; sucker, (see rotundity). chump (both inf.); easy mark, soft dun, v.t. bill, press for payment. See touch, pushover, pigeon (all sl.). accounting.—v.t. c...

  • Page 269

    duration [ 259 ] duty must endure their going hence even as their coming hither (Shakespeare), His mercy endureth forever (Bible). Antonyms, see transientness. duration, n. term, time, period; con-tinuance, persistence. See perma-nence. duress, n. coercion; restraint,im-prisonment. See compulsion...

  • Page 270

    dwarf [ 260 ] earliness dwarf, n. midget, pygmy, Lilliput-ian, runt, shrimp. See littleness, demon. —v. stunt; tower over. See shortness, contraction, infe-riority. Ant., giant. dwell, v.i. live, reside, abide; hang out (sl.); slang, harp, iterate. See presence, repetition, abode, in-habitant. ...

  • Page 271

    earmark [ 261 ] easygoing 3, (soon) briefly, shortly, presently, at the first opportunity, by and by, in a while, directly. Phrases—first come, first served; punctuality is the art of guessing correctly how late the other party is going to be; a stitch in time saves nine; early to bed and e...

  • Page 272

    eat [ 262 ] eddy nervous. eat, v. consume, devour, eat up, feed, fare; erode, corrode, wear, rust. See food, deterioration. eavesdrop, v.i. listen in, spy, snoop, overhear; bug, tap. See hearing, curiosity. ebb, v.i. recede, fall back, out-flow, withdraw; decline; waste, de-cay. See decrease, reg...

  • Page 273

    edge [ 263 ] effect EDGE Extreme border Nouns—1, edge, verge, brink, brow, brim, curb, margin, limit, boundary, border, skirt, rim, flange, side; mouth, jaws, lip; frame, fringe, flounce, frill, trim[ming], edging, skirting, hem, welt, furbelow, valance, selvage. 2, threshold, entrance, gate[...

  • Page 274

    effective [ 264 ] egress 2, consequent, resultant, contingent, eventual, consequential. Adverbs—of course, it follows that, so that, in effect, therefore, hence, nat-urally, consequently, as a consequence, in consequence, in the wake of, through, necessarily, eventually. Conjunctions—owing to...

  • Page 275

    either [ 265 ] ejection 2, (act of leaving) export, expatriation, emigration, exodus, exile, departure. 3, outlet, vent, spout, tab, sluice, floodgate; exit, way out, mouth, pore, opening; port, terminus. 4, goer, departer; emigré[e], emigrant, migrant, colonist. Informal, re -fusenik. Verbs...

  • Page 276

    eke out [ 266 ] electricity 3, be dismissed. Slang, get the ax, the sack, the bounce, the gate, or the hook. 4, (remove objects from a carrier) unpack, unlade, unload, unship. Adjectives—emitting, emissive, ejective, expulsive, eliminative. Interjections—begone! get you gone! get away! go awa...

  • Page 277

    electrify [ 267 ] electronics angstrom, volt; ohm, mho, coulomb, maxwell, henry, farad, faraday, fres -nel, gauss, gilbert, hertz, oersted, tesla, weber; electric meter, voltmeter, ammeter, galvanometer, spectrometer. 4, electric storage, [storage] battery, [dry or wet] cell, accumulator; ca -pac...

  • Page 278

    elegance [ 268 ] elevation cosmotron, cyclotron, Van de Graaff generator. c. nuclear reactor, CANDU reactor, breeder [reactor]; pile, core, rods. d. nuclear fuel, fis -sionable or fusionable material. 5, electronic appliance, computer (see computers), radio, television (see communication); scann...

  • Page 279

    elevator [ 269 ] embarrass apotheosize, deify, put on a pedestal; hold up (see support). Informal, heave, hike, boost. Adjectives—1, elevated, raised, lifted (up); uplifted; exalted, deified, lofty; on a pedestal; aweigh; erect, vertical. 2, elevating, uplifting; erectile. 3, eminent, prominen...

  • Page 280

    embassy [ 270 ] empty plus, bother, abash, encumber, trouble, hamper, complicate, per-plex. See difficulty, hindrance, discontent. embassy, n. mission, ministry, lega-tion, consulate. See commission. embattled, adj. armed, arrayed; for-tified. See defense. embed, v.t. fix, envelop; incorporate...

  • Page 281

    empyrean [ 271 ] encroach evacuate, drain, deflate, discharge, unload. See contraction, ejec-tion. —adj. hollow, vacant, de-pleted, untenanted, devoid; hun-gry; vain, insubstantial, useless, foolish, trivial, unfeeling, fruit-less, inane. See absence, use-lessness, waste. Ant., full, filled. ...

  • Page 282

    encumber [ 272 ] endanger overstep, violate; make inroads. check, handicap. See hindrance, See illegality, overrunning. difficulty, debt. encumber, v.t. burden, hamper, encyclopedic, adj. extensive, exhaus-load, clog, oppress; obstruct, hin-tive, comprehensive. See inclu-der, impede, embarrass, ...

  • Page 283

    endearment [ 273 ] endless ENDEARMENT Act of endearing Nouns—1, endearment, caress; fondling, billing and cooing, hand-holding, nuzzling, embrace, kiss, buss, smack, peck, osculation. Informal, first base, noogie, French kiss, passion kiss, soul kiss, kissy-face, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, ...

  • Page 284

    endmost [ 274 ] enforce perpetual; never-ending, unend-dowry; power; ability, faculty, ap -ing, everlasting, continual, undy-titude, capacity, talent, bent. See ing, eternal; boundless, indefinite, giving, skill, possession. illimitable, unlimited, immeasura-endue, v.t. endow, clothe, furnish. b...

  • Page 285

    enfranchise [ 275 ] enlighten glect, overlook. tion, promise, agreement, pledge; enfranchise, v.t. liberate, set free, appointment, interview; occupa-release; naturalize; empower, li-tion, employment; battle, action, cense, qualify. See permission, skirmish, brush, encounter. See liberation. Ant....

  • Page 286

    enlist [ 276 ] entertain enlist, v. volunteer, sign up, enroll, recruit, draft, muster, press [into service], impress. See warfare, compulsion. enliven, v.t. animate, exhilarate, in-spirit, quicken, fire, brighten, stimulate, rouse, invigorate; cheer, elate, encourage. See cheerful-ness, excitem...

  • Page 287

    enthrall [ 277 ] environment ter, cherish; maintain, keep up; consider, dwell upon, heed. See attention, thought, amuse-ment. enthrall, v.t. enslave, subjugate; captivate, fascinate, charm. See pleasure, subjection. enthusiasm, n. ecstasy, frenzy, fa-naticism; fire, spirit, force; ardor, zeal, f...

  • Page 288

    envision [ 278 ] epithet environs, outposts, outskirts, suburbs, purlieus, precincts, neighborhood, vicinity, background, setting, habitat, milieu, stamping ground; ecology, ecosystem, biome. Informal, neck of the woods; context. Slang, hangout, turf. See nearness, circumscription. 2, environment...

  • Page 289

    epitome [ 279 ] equip epitome, n. compendium, abridg-time, chronometry. ment, abstract, synopsis, sum-equable, adj. uniform, even, steady; mary, brief. See shortness. tranquil. See equality, inex-epoch, n. date; period, era, age. See citability. EQUALITY Identity in magnitude, etc. Nouns—1, equ...

  • Page 290

    equipage [ 280 ] error accommodate, array, attire; arm, gird. See clothing, prepara-tion, provision. equipage, n. carriage; outfit, equip-ment. See vehicle, provision. equipment, n. furnishings, gear, harness, supplies, apparatus, ac-couterment, appointment, outfit, apparel. See clothing, instr...

  • Page 291

    erudite [ 281 ] escape booboo. Slang, clam, chunk. 3, (mistaken idea) delusion, illusion, false impression, self-deception; heresy; hallucination, optical illusion (see deception). Verbs—1, be erroneous, mislead, misguide, lead astray, lead into error, be-guile, misinform, delude, give a false ...

  • Page 292

    escarpment [ 282 ] estate 2, (means of escape) outlet; puncture, aperture; safety valve, fire escape, ladder, parachute; refuge, sanctuary, asylum; lifeboat, life raft; emergency exit, ejection seat, inflatable slide; escape hatch; escape clause, loophole. See safety, egress. 3, (one who escape...

  • Page 293

    esteem [ 283 ] event possession, class. esteem, n. respect, regard, favor, admiration, estimation, honor; reverence, worship. See approba-tion. Ant., despise. esthetic, adj. & n. See aesthetic. estimable, adj. meritorious, worthy. See approbation. estimate, v.t. consider, gauge, judge; value,...

  • Page 294

    eventful [ 284 ] evidence sue, outcome, result. eventful, adj. bustling; momentous. See occurrence, importance. eventual, adj. final, ultimate, com-ing; contingent. See futurity, chance, effect. ever, adv. always, at all times, eter-nally, perpetually, incessantly, continually, constantly, forev...

  • Page 295

    evident [ 285 ] evildoer Phrases—facts are stubborn things. Quotations—If it walks like a duck, and quacks like a duck, then it just may be a duck (Walter Reuther). Antonyms, see negation, confutation. evident, adj. apparent, plain, obvi-bitable. See appearance, cer-ous, distinct; broad, unmi...

  • Page 296

    evince [ 286 ] exaggeration iconoclast, terrorist; arsonist. Informal, bad guy, firebug. 2, a. savage, brute, ruffian, barbarian, caitiff, desperado; godfather, bully, rough, hooligan, hoodlum, gangster, mafioso, good fellow, tough, plug- ugly, hellion, gorilla; fraud, swindler, confidence ma...

  • Page 297

    exalt [ 287 ] exceptional stretch of the imagination, bananas on bananas; flight of fancy. Informal, bloatware, overkill. Slang, California or Chicago bankroll. 3, exaggerator, puff artist. Slang, butter-and-egg man. Verbs—exaggerate, magnify, pile up, amplify, build up, expand, overesti-mate,...

  • Page 298

    excerpt [ 288 ] excitement excerpt, n. extract, quote, citation, nate, extravagant, exorbitant, un-selection; sentence, verse, section, reasonable, outrageous; superflu-passage. See part. ous, extreme. See dearness. excess, n. immoderation, intemper-exchange, n. reciprocity, substitu-ance, dissi...

  • Page 299

    exclaim [ 289 ] exclusion arouse, stir; fire, get going, [en]kindle, set on fire, inflame, fan the flames, heat, warm, foment, raise to fever heat. Slang, rev up, jazz up, rattle some- one’s cage, yank someone around or someone’s chain. 2, (make excited) stimulate, inspirit, stir up, elat...

  • Page 300

    excommunicate [ 290 ] excretion cluded, left out, isolated, solitary, banished, inadmissible, unacceptable; segregated, quarantined, isolated, ghettoized; insular, xenophobic, paro-chial, ethnocentric. Prepositions—exclusive of, outside of, barring, except; with the exception of; save. Informal...

  • Page 301

    excruciating [ 291 ] exertion spit, spew; ejaculate, make one’s love come down. Slang, come, cum, juice, melt, shoot one’s wad, cream [one’s jeans], get or come off, get one’s rocks or nuts off. Adjectives—1, excretive, excretory, ejective, eliminative; fecal, urinary; sup-purative, fes...

  • Page 302

    exertion [ 292 ] exertion 2, (physical exercises) a. gymnastics, athletics, acrobatics; ariel, backflip, balance beam, dismount, flip, floor exercise, freestyle, handspring, hand-stand, high bar, horizontal bar, horse, Indian club, iron cross, parallel bars, pommel horse, rings, somersault, sp...

  • Page 303

    exhale [ 293 ] exodus exhale, v.t. breathe, expel, emanate, emit, expire, transpire, respire, blow. See excretion, wind, odor. Ant., inhale. exhaust, v.t. drain, empty, let out, deflate; weaken, deplete, overtire, prostrate, fag, fatigue; spend, con-sume, use, expend; develop, fin-ish, end. See...

  • Page 304

    ex officio [ 294 ] expectation ex officio, Lat. by right of office. See able. authority, legality. exorcise, v.t. expel, drive or cast out; exonerate, v.t. exculpate, free, clear, adjure, conjure. See sorcery. absolve, acquit. See vindication, exotic, adj. foreign, alien; strange, acquittal. o...

  • Page 305

    expedience [ 295 ] expel 3, fulfill one’s expectations, come as no surprise. Adjectives—1, expectant, expecting; openmouthed, agape, all agog; ready, curious, eager, anxious, apprehensive, on tenterhooks, on edge. 2, expected, foreseen, in prospect, prospective, in view, impending, immi-nent...

  • Page 306

    expend [ 296 ] explain expend, v.t. spend, lay out, pay bursement, outgo, overhead; pur-[out], disburse; use, consume; ex-chase[s]; price. See accounting. haust; give; waste, use up. See expensive, adj. costly, dear, high, payment. exorbitant. See dearness. Ant., expendable, adj. superfluous, re...

  • Page 307

    expletive [ 297 ] exquisite date, resolve, fathom, account for; demonstrate, construe, interpret, define, describe, develop, detail, criticize, comment. See answer, attribution, interpretation. expletive, n. oath, imprecation. explicate, v.t. analyze, explain (see interpretation). explicit, adj....

  • Page 308

    extant [ 298 ] extort riority. extant, adj. surviving, existent. See existence. Ant., extinct, lost. extemporaneous, adj. unpremedi-tated, spontaneous, extempore, improvised, impromptu, offhand, unprepared. See impulse, un-preparedness. Ant., planned, re-hearsed. ex tempore, Lat. impromptu, off-h...

  • Page 309

    extra [ 299 ] extrinsic traction, threat. accessory, spare, supplementary, extra, adj. additional, auxiliary, redundant. See addition. EXTRACTION Act of removing Nouns—1, extraction, removal; drawing out, pulling; elimination, extrica-tion, eradication, evulsion; expression, squeezing; extirpat...

  • Page 310

    extroverted [ 300 ] facetious 2, (extrinsic object or action) accessory, appendage, extra, appurtenance, supplement, adjunct; accident; outreach; contingency, incidental; for-eigner, stranger, non-documented person. Informal, foreign devil, face. Verbs—be extrinsic, lie outside or beyond. Adjec...

  • Page 311

    facility [ 301 ] factor ridicule. Ant., serious. ness, provision, uncleanness, facility, n. building, facilities; infor-facility. mal, washroom, toilet. See busi-FACILITY Ease Nouns—1, facility, ease; easiness; capability, feasibility, practicability; dex-terity, skill; plain or smooth sailing,...

  • Page 312

    factory [ 302 ] failure factory, n. manufactory, mill, shop, fad, n. craze, rage, vogue; fancy, works, facilities, workshop. See hobby. See changeableness, production. fashion. factual, adj. real, indisputable, fade, v. pale, dim, bleach, whiten; demonstrable. See certainty, vanish, disappear; la...

  • Page 313

    faint [ 303 ] faintness come a cropper, fizzle [out], die or wither on the vine; fall through, fall flat; give out, give way, fall down on the job; slip through one’s fingers; hang fire; collapse; topple down; go to wrack and ruin; go amiss, go hard with; go wrong, go on a wrong tack, take ...

  • Page 314

    fair [ 304 ] falsehood Adverbs—faintly, softly, etc.; piano, pianissimo; sotto voce, under one’s breath, with bated breath, in a whisper, in an undertone; muted, à la sour-dine; in the distance, out of hearing or earshot. Phrases—speak softly and carry a big stick. Quotations—A soft answ...

  • Page 315

    falsehood [ 305 ] falsehood mystification (see concealment); simulation, imitation, dissimulation, dissembling; whitewash; sham, make-believe, pretense, pretending, ma -lingering. Informal, playacting, bunk. Slang, flaking. 3, (treachery) lip service; hollowness; duplicity, double-dealing, insi...

  • Page 316

    falter [ 306 ] farewell politician never believes what he says, he is surprised when others believe him (Charles de Gaulle), White lies always introduce others of a darker complexion (William Paley), O, what a tangled web we weave, when first we practice to deceive! (Sir Walter Scott), I detest ...

  • Page 317

    farfetched [ 307 ] fashion farfetched, adj. forced, strained. —v.i. break wind. See vapor. See improbability. Ant., believ-farther, adj. more distant, further, able. additional. —adv. beyond. See far-flung, adj. extensive; dispersed. distance. Ant., nearer. See distance. fascination, n. char...

  • Page 318

    fast [ 308 ] faulty great importance, style, not sincerity, is the vital thing (Oscar Wilde), Fashion is something barbarous, for it produces innovation without reason and imitation without benefit (George Santayana). Antonyms, see vulgarity, unconformity. fast, v.i. starve, diet, abstain. See a...

  • Page 319

    faux pas [ 309 ] fear wrong. See imperfection, error. Ant., faultless. faux pas, Fr. a false step; error. favor, n. goodwill, esteem, appro-bation, approval; partiality, bias, favoritism; patronage, backing; concession, dispensation; kind-ness, service, good turn; token, badge. See aid, permissio...

  • Page 320

    fearless [ 310 ] feces into; awe, strike terror (into), appall, unman, petrify, horrify; make one’s flesh creep, make one’s hair stand on end, curl one’s hair; make one’s blood run cold, turn to ice, or freeze, make one’s teeth chatter; take away one’s breath, make one’s heart stan...

  • Page 321

    fecund [ 311 ] feeling fecund, adj. fertile, prolific, inven-feed, v. eat, dine, consume, devour; tive, creative. See imagination, graze; nourish, nurture, bait; sup-production. Ant., barren. ply, provide, furnish; satisfy, grat-federation, n. league, union, ify. See food, sufficiency, fuel. [c...

  • Page 322

    feign [ 312 ] female 4, (expressing emotion) earnest, wistful, eager, breathless; fervent, fervid; gushing, passionate, warmhearted, hearty, cordial, sincere, devout, zealous, enthusiastic, flowing, ardent, burning, consumed with, red-hot, fiery, flam-ing; seething, boiling; rabid, raving, fev...

  • Page 323

    feminist [ 313 ] ferry ass, poon[tang], bed-bunny, canvasback, bimbo, bimbette, bunny, chippy, cupcake, gash, groupie, band rat or moll; [piece of] tail, chassis, sexpot, [easy] lay, easy ride; pink[toes], Miss Ann, Miss Lillian; raven beauty, black velvet, shady lady, café au lait, sapphire, st...

  • Page 324

    fertile [ 314 ] fiend airlift, airdrop. —v. convey, trans-port, shuttle. See transporta-tion. fertile, adj. prolific, productive, fruitful, rich; creative, inventive. See production, imagination. Ant., infertile, barren. fertilization, n. impregnation, pro-creation, pollination; enrichment. S...

  • Page 325

    fierce [ 315 ] figure fierce, adj. ferocious, truculent; fete, festival. tigerish, savage; intense, violent; fight, n. battle, affray, brawl, quarrel; aggressive, bellicose; vehement. contest, struggle; pugnacity. Slang, See violence, excitability. Ant., scrap. See contention, irasci-gentle, ...

  • Page 326

    figurehead [ 316 ] fine figurehead, n. prow, rostrum; front vice (see figurative). man, dummy, puppet. See front, figurine, n. statuette (see sculp-substitution. ture). figure of speech, n. expression, de-FILAMENT Threadlike fiber Nouns—1, filament, line; fiber, fibril; funicle, vein,...

  • Page 327

    fine arts [ 317 ] fish pleasant. See purity, beauty, lit-tleness, narrowness, rarity. fine arts, n. painting, sculpture, architecture, engraving, pho-tography. finery, n. frippery, frills, tinsel. See ornament. finesse, n. craft, cunning; skill. finger, n. digit; pointer, trigger fin-ger, ...

  • Page 328

    fish [ 318 ] fish rough, saw, horn, bullhead, carpet, blind, zebra, nurse, whale, goblin, crocodile, megamouth, thresher, basking, mackerel, finback, weasel, whaler, requiem, angel, man-eating, or hammerhead shark, wobbegong, white-spotted spurdog, sand tiger, mako, tope, catshark, houndshark;...

  • Page 329

    fish [ 319 ] fish mail fish, flashlight or lanterneye fish, roughie, sawbelly, slimehead, spinyfin, fangtooth, pricklefish, bigscale fish, ridgehead, gibberfish, bristlyskin, [orangemouth, redvelvet, or flabby] whalefish, hairyfish, tapetail, mosaicscale fish. 10, a. parazen, dory, o...

  • Page 330

    fisher [ 320 ] flank fisher, n. fisherman or -woman, an-gler, piscator; whaler, clam dig-ger, etc. See pursuit, fish. fishy, adj., informal, unlikely, improbable; suspicious. See im-probability, doubt. fission, n. cleavage, scission, dis-junction; nuclear fission, split-ting the atom, ato...

  • Page 331

    flap [ 321 ] flawless flap, n. tab, fly, lap, tag; fold; argu-flashy, adj. gaudy, showy, garish. ment, controversy. See discord, See ornament. Ant., plain, dull. addition. —v. swing, sway, flop, flask, n. bottle, vial, flacon, am-beat, wave. See agitation. poule. See receptacle. flare,...

  • Page 332

    flay [ 322 ] flop flay, v.t. skin, peel; criticize. See di-vestment, disapprobation. fleabag, n., slang, flophouse (see abode). flea market, street market, marché aux puces. See sale. fleck, n. speck, speckle, flyspeck, spot. See littleness. fledgling, n. beginner, novice, tyro (see beg...

  • Page 333

    floppy [ 323 ] fluster scent, failure, repose. —n., slang, failure, bust (sl.), turkey (sl.). floppy, adj. limp, droopy, baggy. See softness. floral, adj. flowery, flowering; horti-cultural. See vegetable. florid, adj. ruddy, flushed; showy, rococo, flowery. See color, os-tentation. ...

  • Page 334

    flute [ 324 ] follow-through flute, n. groove, furrow, channel; pipe, piccolo, fife. See music. flutter, v. flicker, tremble, flap, shake, whip, wave; bustle, fidget, twitter, quiver; agitate, ruffle; hover. See agitation, oscilla-tion, fear. flux, n. flow, current, course; mo-tion, cha...

  • Page 335

    folly [ 325 ] food FOLLY Lack of good sense Nouns—1, folly, silliness, foolishness, inanity, idiocy; frivolity, ineptitude; giddiness; inattention; irrationality, eccentricity (see insanity); ex-travagance, nonsense, absurdity; rashness; stultification, infatuation. Slang, meshugga; flapdoodl...

  • Page 336

    food [ 326 ] food stuffs, sustenance, nurture, subsistence, provender, daily bread, fodder, provision, ration, keep, commons, board; fare, cheer; diet, regimen; bread, staff of life; natural or organic food, health food, soul food, Tex-Mex, macrobiotics; additive; comestibles, eatables, victuals,...

  • Page 337

    food [ 327 ] food schweiger, pâté, chorizo, foie gras, forcemeat, frank[furter], galantine, salami, head cheese, hot dog, kielbasa, knockwurst, liverwurst, mortadella, saucisse, scrapple, terrine, weenie, tube steak, zampone. c. fish, shellfish, seafood; abalone, anchovy, bacalao, calamari, c...

  • Page 338

    food [ 328 ] food cashew, chestnut, corozo, filbert, hazelnut, hickory, horse chestnut, kola, litchi, macadamia, peanut, pecan, pine nut, pistachio, sesame seed, sun-flower seed, walnut. 12, a. dessert, pandowdy, baked Alaska, Bavarian cream, blancmange, cannoli, cassata, charlotte russe, clafo...

  • Page 339

    fool [ 329 ] fop cuisine. 20, a. chef, cook, short-order chef or cook; salad chef, pastry chef, etc., confectioner, prep cook, sous-chef. b. headwaiter, host[ess], waitperson, waiter, waitress, waitron, busboy, carhop; sommelier, wine steward, bar -man, barmaid. 21, eater, brown-bagger; gourmet, ...

  • Page 340

    forage [ 330 ] forethought [gay] blade, coxcomb, macaroni, exquisite, Beau Brummel, Dapper Dan, clotheshorse (sl.). See af-fectation, ostentation. forage, n. fodder, feed, food; pas-turage, herbage. —v. pasture, graze, feed; hunt, search, beat the bushes; raid, maraud, pillage, plunder, loot, r...

  • Page 341

    \foretoken [ 331 ] form foretoken, n. omen. —v.t. fore-counterfeit; hammer. See pro-shadow. See prediction. duction, falsehood, copy. forever, adv. always, ever, eternally; forgery, n. imitation, counterfeit; incessantly, unceasingly. See kited, rubber, bum, or phony durability, perpetuity. che...

  • Page 342

    formal [ 332 ] fort ture. See symmetry, order. 2, feature, lineament, anatomy, profile; turn; phase, aspect, appearance; posture, attitude, pose. 3, square, rectangle (see angularity); circle, sphere, cylinder (see cir -cularity, rotundity). 4, (study of form) morphology, histology, structural b...

  • Page 343

    forte [ 333 ] fragile cation. See defense. forte, n. strong point, specialty (see speciality). forth, adv. forward, onward; out (of), from; away (from). See pro-gression. forthcoming, adj. imminent; avail-able. See approach, prepara-tion. forthright, adj. downright, straight-forward, frank, candi...

  • Page 344

    fragment [ 334 ] freedom brittleness, weakness. fragment, n. bit, part, scrap. fragrance, n. perfume, bouquet, odor. frail, adj. fragile, brittle, delicate; weak, infirm, weak-willed. See brittleness, weakness. frame, v.t. construct, fashion, fabri-cate; devise, compose, formulate; enclose; slan...

  • Page 345

    free-for-all [ 335 ] freethinker 5, (something unencumbered) free land, freehold; allodium; mortmain. Slang, loose cannon. Verbs—1, be free, have scope, have the run of, have one’s own way, have a will of one’s own, have one’s fling; do what one likes, wishes, pleases, or chooses, see on...

  • Page 346

    freeway [ 336 ] friction doubter; iconoclast. See irreli-burden. See transportation, gion. gravity. freeway, n. highway, parkway, boule-freighter, n. cargo ship, lighter, vard, expressway. See passage. trader, [tramp] steamer, transport, freewheeling, adj., informal, non-tanker. See ship. chalant...

  • Page 347

    friction [ 337 ] friend FRICTION Rubbing together Nouns—1, friction, attrition, rubbing; frication, confrication, abrasion; sand-ing, sandpapering, sandblasting, erosion, limation, rub, scuffing, erasure, grinding, filing, scraping, scouring, chafing, scratching; [therapeutic] massage, rubdo...

  • Page 348

    fright [ 338 ] front One soul inhabiting two bodies (Aristotle), Should auld acquaintance be forgot and never brought to mind? (Robert Burns), God’s apology for re-lations (Hugh Kingsmill), Friends are born, not made (Henry Adams), Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his lif...

  • Page 349

    frontier [ 339 ] fuel frontier, n. borderland, outskirts; wilderness. See limit, contact. front-runner, n. leader, pacesetter. See priority. frost, n. rime, hoarfrost, cranreuch; coldness, cold. frosting, n. icing, decoration (see ornament, food). frosty, adj. cold, cool; unfeeling, coldhearted; ...

  • Page 350

    fugitive [ 340 ] furniture fugitive, adj. runaway, fleeing; tran-sient, ephemeral, evanescent, fleeting; transitory. —n. runaway, eloper, absconder; refugee, es-capee. See avoidance, escape, transientness. fulfill, v.t. satisfy, realize, gratify; ex-ecute, discharge; effect, carry out. See c...

  • Page 351

    furor [ 341 ] furrow fly, captain’s, fanback, farthingale, folding, lawn, lounge, morris, over -stuffed, parlor, porter, rocking, sling, slipper, swivel, wicker, or wing] chair, Chippendale, Dante, Savonarola, Carver, or scissors chair, cathedra, armchair, easy chair, highchair; divan; bench, ...

  • Page 352

    furry [ 342 ] gadfly furry, adj. hispid, bushy, shaggy, weld; melt, dissolve. See junc-fuzzy. See roughness. tion, combination, fuel, unity. further, adj. farther, more, addi-fusion, n. union, amalgamation, in-tional. See addition. —v.t. aid, tegration, merger. See unity, advance, promote, exp...

  • Page 353

    gadget [ 343 ] gambling gadget, n. contrivance, device, doohickey; invention, machine; thingamajig, whatchamacallit, con-traption, doodad (all inf.). See plan, instrumentality. gaff, n. spear, hook. See arms. gaffe, n. blunder, error. gag, v. muffle, silence; choke, strangle, retch. See ejection...

  • Page 354

    gambol [ 344 ] gargantuan pass, don’t pass, come or don’t come bet; boxes, craps, Jonah, fimps, lit-tle Phoebe, little Joe, carolina, point, natural, sice, big Joe, cock-eyes, box-cars, snake eyes. Slang, Harlem tennis, poor man’s roulette. e. [draw, stud, closed, or open] poker, high- or ...

  • Page 355

    garish [ 345 ] generality tic. See size. Ant., liliputian. garish, adj. showy, gaudy. See os-tentation. garland, n. festoon, wreath, lei. See ornament, circularity. garment, n. clothing, robe, dress, vestment, habiliment. garner, v. harvest, collect, store. garnish, v. ornament, trim, deco-rate, ...

  • Page 356

    generate [ 346 ] genuine or statement; universality, currency, broadness, collectivity; average; catholicity, catholicism; miscellany, miscellaneousness; prevalence; dis -persion. Informal, dime a dozen. 2, everyone, everybody [and his or her brother or sister], every last man or woman, every man...

  • Page 357

    geometrical [ 347 ] girlfriend honest, valid. See goodness, pu-rity, truth. Ant., fake, false. geometrical, adj. geometric, plani-metric; patterned, designed, sym-metric; formal, stylized. See or-der, numeration. geography, n. topography, arrange-ment. geriatric, adj. elderly, aged. See oldness. ...

  • Page 358

    girth [ 348 ] giving date, steady (inf.), flame (sl.), moll ter; conversation. (sl.). Ant., boyfriend. give birth, v. bear [a child, young, girth, n. outline; circumference, etc.], lie in; whelp, fawn, etc. See belt, girdle, band. See circum-reproduction. scription. give off, v.t. exude, emit, p...

  • Page 359

    glacial [ 349 ] globule giving; charity begins at home; fear the Greeks bearing gifts; never look a gift horse in the mouth. Quotations—It is more blessed to give than to receive (Bible), God loveth a cheerful giver (Bible), Self-sacrifice enables us to sacrifice other people without blushing...

  • Page 360

    gloom [ 350 ] gnaw blob; spherule. See rotundity. gloom, n. dejection, sadness, dole-fulness, melancholy; shadow, shade, dimness, darkness, ob-scurity; pessimism. Ant., cheer-fulness. gloomy, adj. obscure, shadowy; de-spondent, glum. Ant., bright. glorify, v. exalt, magnify, revere; ex-aggerate; ...

  • Page 361

    gnome [ 351 ] goodly rankle, irritate, distress. See food, pain. gnome, n. dwarf, goblin, elf, kobold, gremlin; aphorism. See demon, mythical deities, maxim. go, v.i. go away, leave, depart, with-draw, retire, exit; vanish, disap-pear, evaporate, evanesce; oper-ate, work, run, function, succeed; ...

  • Page 362

    good-natured [ 352 ] gorge excellent, splendid. See size, able, amiable, sociable. See goodness, beauty. cheerfulness, benevolence. good-natured, adj. easygoing, Ant., ill-natured, disagreeable. even-tempered, pleasant, agree-GOODNESS Quality of being good Nouns—1, good, goodness; excellence, m...

  • Page 363

    gorgeous [ 353 ] grammar gorgeous, adj. beautiful, superb, magnificent. See beauty. Ant., ugly. gory, adj. bloody; bloodthirsty, san-guinary. See killing. gospel, n. good news, glad tidings; dogma, truth. See sacred writ-ings, news, rule. gossamer, n. cobweb; gauze, veil. See transparency. gossi...

  • Page 364

    grand [ 354 ] graph 2, a. part of speech; participle; [definite or indefinite] article, [abstract, col-lective, common, compound, count, mass, or proper] noun, substantive, [indefinite, relative, possessive, or personal] pronoun, [active, passive, strong, weak, transitive, intransitive, linkin...

  • Page 365

    graphic [ 355 ] gravity bar, circle, etc. graph. graphic, adj. pictorial, descriptive; vivid, diagrammatic; delineative; picturesque. See representa-tion, description. graphic arts, drawing, painting, engraving, etching, lithography. grapple, v. seize, grasp, clutch, struggle, contend. See opposi...

  • Page 366

    gravity [ 356 ] greatness GRAVITY Weight Nouns—1, gravity, gravitation; weight, weighing; heft, heaviness; ponderosity, pressure, burden; ballast, counterpoise; load, lading, freight; lead, millstone. See size, attraction. 2, (systems of weight) avoirdupois, troy, or apothecaries’ weight; gra...

  • Page 367

    greed [ 357 ] gripe 3, vast, immense, enormous, measureless, extreme. Informal, whopping, terrific. Adverbs—greatly, much, in a great measure, to the nth degree, richly, to a large or great extent, on a large scale; mightily, powerfully, intensely; re-markably, notably, exceptionally, marvelou...

  • Page 368

    gripping [ 358 ] grubby gripping, adj. fascinating, engross-ing, enthralling. See attention. Ant., boring. grisly, adj. gruesome, frightful, grim. See ugliness. grit, n. sand, roughage, gravel; courage, pluck, stamina, en-durance. See resolution, pow-deriness. grizzled, adj. grizzly, graying, gra...

  • Page 369

    grudge [ 359 ] guilt shabby, scurvy; ignoble, base, mean. See uncleanness. Ant., clean. grudge, v. stint, dole; begrudge, withhold. See parsimony, un-willingness. gruel, n. porridge, oatmeal, cereal, grout. See food. grueling, adj. arduous, exhausting, strenuous. See exertion, sever-ity. Ant., ea...

  • Page 370

    guiltless [ 360 ] gymnastics at fault, censurable, reprehensible, blameworthy, exceptionable (see dis-approbation). Adverbs—guiltily; in flagrante delicto; in the act. Phrases—the guilty one always runs. Quotations—He that first cries out stop thief, is often he that has stolen the treasu...

  • Page 371

    gyp [ 361 ] habit ics, exercises, calisthenics. See volve, rotate. See rotation. contention, exertion. gyp, n., slang, cheat, swindle. See H deception, stealing. habilitate, v.t. clothe, dress; provi-gypsy, n. nomad, vagrant, idler; flirt, sion. See clothing. coquette. See travel. habit, n. tend...

  • Page 372

    habitat [ 362 ] hair habitat, n. habitation; environ-witch, crone. See evildoer. ment, native heath; quarters. See haggard, adj. drawn, gaunt; cadav-abode. erous, skeletal. See ugliness, hack, v. chop, hew, slash, cut. —n. narrowness. cough, stutter; hackney, cab. See haggle, v.i. cavil; bargai...

  • Page 373

    haircut [ 363 ] halt bristly (see roughness); crinose, pubescent, ciliate, hispid; clean-cut, close-cropped, ratted, shorn, teased, tousled; bearded, bewhiskered; un-shaven, stubbly; goateed; wigged, toupeed. Slang, mossy, kinky, nappy. 2, feathery, downy; tufted, pinnate, feathered, plumed, cres...

  • Page 374

    halter [ 364 ] hang chaic, crippled, disabled. See im-potence, disease, stammering. Ant., continue, proceed. halter, n. harness, bridle, tether, hackamore; noose; shoulder strap, waist, brassiere. See clothing, restraint. halve, v.t. bisect, cleave, cut in two (see disjunction). ham, n., slang, h...

  • Page 375

    hangar [ 365 ] hardness hangar, n. shed, housing (see re-ceptacle). hanger-on, n. dependent, parasite. See servility, flattery. hangman, n. executioner. See pun-ishment. hangout, n. resort, haunt, ren-dezvous, stamping ground, club-house; slang, saloon, dive, den. See abode. hangover, n., inform...

  • Page 376

    hardship [ 366 ] haste Adjectives—hard, rigid, stubborn, stiff, firm; starch[ed]; stark, unbending, unlimber, unyielding; inflexible, tense; proof; diamondlike, diamantine, adamant[ine]; concrete, stony, marble, granitic, vitreous; horny, callous[ed], corneous; bony, osseous; tempered, anneal...

  • Page 377

    hat [ 367 ] hate impetuosity; expedition, earliness; hurry, drive, scramble, bustle. Verbs—1, haste, hasten; make haste, hurry [up], rush, dart, dash, whip on, push on, press; sentry, scuttle along, step lively, dash off, bustle, hustle, barrel, flash, scramble, plunge, bestir oneself (see act...

  • Page 378

    haughty [ 368 ] headdress 3, be unfriendly, on bad terms, estranged, etc. Adjectives—1, (hating) averse, set against, hostile; bitter, acrimonious (see discourtesy); implacable, revengeful; on the outs; invidious, spiteful, malicious (see malevolence). 2, hated, despised, unloved, unbeloved, un...

  • Page 379

    headhunter [ 369 ] health coiffure; plumage, warbonnet. See clothing. headhunter, n. cannibal; recruiter, talent scout. See inquiry, pursuit. heading, n. title, caption; direction, course. See nomenclature. headland, n. promontory, spit, cape, spur. See convexity, height. headline, n. title, bann...

  • Page 380

    heap [ 370 ] heat heap, n. pile, load, stack, mound, heaps (inf.), oodles (inf.), piles assemblage; informal, great deal, (inf.), scads (sl.). See multitude. HEARING Sense of hearing Nouns—1, hearing, sense of hearing; audition, auscultation; eavesdropping, audibility; acute ear, etc.; ear for ...

  • Page 381

    heat [ 371 ] heat HEAT Quality of warmth Nouns—1, heat, caloric; warmth, ardor, fervor, fervency; incalescence, in-candescence; flush, glow; temperature, fever; white heat, blood or body heat, fever heat; thermal energy; specific heat; heat of fusion, heat of va-porization; melting point (see...

  • Page 382

    heated [ 372 ] heel heated, adj. feverous, fervent; ex-trous, pagan, unconverted; atheis-cited, agitated; passionate, hot; tic. See irreligion, idolatry. angry. See heat, agitation, ex-Ant., believer. citement, resentment. Ant., heave, v. lift, hoist, raise; throw, calm, pleasant. pitch, toss; sw...

  • Page 383

    hefty [ 373 ] hell louse (sl.), SOB (sl.). See obliq-fit, provision. See pursuit, devi-uity, evildoer. —v.i. turn ation, discourtesy. around, pivot, swivel. —v.t. fol-hefty, adj. weighty; bulky, burly, low, pursue, go after; slang, brawny; beefy, corpulent. See shadow, tail; supply, furnish,...

  • Page 384

    hello [ 374 ] herbicide perdition; underworld; purgatory, limbo, abyss, void, bottomless pit, in -fernal, lower, or nether regions, netherworld; hell on earth. Slang, all-get- out, the other place. 2, Tartarus, Hades, Avernus, Erebus, Styx, Stygian creek, pit of Acheron, Cocytus; infernal regions...

  • Page 385

    herculean [ 375 ] heterodoxy paraquat, etc. See killing. herculean, adj. strong; arduous, strenuous. See strength, diffi-culty. herd, n. group, flock, drove; gather-ing; troop, pack, crowd. See mul-titude. —v. drive, tend, collect; gather, assemble; corral, group. See assemblage. herder, n. s...

  • Page 386

    heterogeneous [ 376 ] hike One religion is as true as another (Robert Burton). Antonyms, see religion. heterogeneous, adj. diverse, mixed, conglomerate; unlike, dissimilar. See difference, variegation. heterosexual, adj. straight (see sex). hew, v.t. fell; chop, cut, hack; chip. See disjunction, ...

  • Page 387

    hilarity [ 377 ] hindrance adjust higher. See elevation, hillbilly, n. mountaineer, rustic, travel. bumpkin. See unskillfulness, hilarity, n. cheerfulness, mirth, populace. amusement, enjoyment, gaiety, hilly, adj. steep, mountainous. See laughter, glee. ascent. Ant., flat. hill, n. grade, slope...

  • Page 388

    hindsight [ 378 ] hit-or-miss hedge in, cut off; cramp, hamper; clog, [en]cumber; choke; saddle or load with, overload, trammel, tie one’s hands; inconvenience, incommode, baf-fle, faze, discommode. Slang, gum up, throw a monkey wrench in the works. Informal, cross up. 3, handicap, disable; th...

  • Page 389

    hoard [ 379 ] homage hoard, n. collection, store, reserve, stock, supply, savings. —v. save, preserve, retain, store, amass; treasure; hide; accumulate, col-lect. hoarse, adj. throaty, raucous, husky, thick, croaking. See roughness. hoary, adj. old, aged, venerable, an-cient; frosty, white; gra...

  • Page 390

    home [ 380 ] hop veneration; submission, reverence. See obedience, worship. home, n. domicile, residence, abode, dwelling; shelter, refuge, asylum, sanctuary; habitat, habitation, envi-ronment; native land, fatherland, country, homeland, stateside (inf.). See obedience. homecoming, n. return, arr...

  • Page 391

    hope [ 381 ] hopelessness HOPE Confidence Nouns—1, hope[s], desire; trust, confidence, optimism, reliance, faith, be-lief; assurance, secureness, security; reassurance. See safety. 2, (omen of hope) good omen or auspices, promise; good, fair, or bright prospect; clear sky, la vie en rose; ray...

  • Page 392

    horde [ 382 ] horn hopes; vain expectation, disappointment. Slang, fat chance. See use-lessness. 2, forlorn hope, ghost of a chance; bad job; slough of despond, cave of de-spair, dark night of the soul; catch-22. Slang, dead duck. 3, pessimist, Job’s comforter, bird of ill omen; cynic, killjoy;...

  • Page 393

    horny [ 383 ] house terrupt. See discontinuance. horny, adj. tough, callous[ed], scle-rotic; slang, oversexed, lecherous, lascivious, hard up (sl.). See hardness, desire. horrendous, adj. horrible, frightful. See fear. horrible, adj. alarming, dreadful, horrifying, appalling, frightful, horrendou...

  • Page 394

    housebreaker [ 384 ] humanity ter, protect; cover, contain, harbor. See party, covering. housebreaker, n. burgler (see stealing). housebroken, adj. tamed, domesti-cated, trained, disciplined. See domestication. household, n. establishment; domi-cile, family. See abode. housekeeping, n. housewifer...

  • Page 395

    human nature [ 385 ] humdrum 4, people; persons, folk, nation; public, society, world, [world] commu-nity, global village, general public, nationality, state, realm, common-weal[th], republic, body politic, population, populace; rainbow coalition. See inhabitant. 5, a. [Negroid, Caucasian, or Mon...

  • Page 396

    humid [ 386 ] hunger humid, adj. moist, damp, wet, dank. base, demean; humble (see hu-See moisture. mility). See disrepute. humiliate, v.t. shame, degrade, de-HUMILITY Lack of pride Nouns—1, humility, humbleness; meekness, lowliness, lowness; [self-]-abasement; submission, resignation; modesty,...

  • Page 397

    hunk [ 387 ] hysterical hunk, n., informal, piece, part, chunk, clab, lump, mass, chaw (inf.); slang, beefcake (inf.). See beauty. hunt, n. chase, drag; pursuit, search. —v.t. chase, stalk, follow, trace, pursue, run, trail, hound. —v.i. shoot, poach, trap, snare, hawk, ferret. See inquiry. h...

  • Page 398

    ice [ 388 ] idiomatic emotional; convulsive; frenzied, opinion, conceit, belief, impres-frenetic. See excitability. sion; principle; invention, imagi-nation.I ideal, n. model, paragon; idol, hero; ice, n. frost, rime; glacier; sherbet; perfect example. —adj. visionary; icicle; slang, diamonds. ...

  • Page 399

    idiosyncrasy [ 389 ] ignorance ual. See language, speciality. less, pointless, aimless; out of idiosyncrasy, n. peculiarity, man-work, unemployed, inactive, at nerism, eccentricity. See special-rest; vacant, empty. See inactiv-ity. ity, uselessness, unimportance. idle, adj. vain, useless, futile,...

  • Page 400

    ignore [ 390 ] illegality shit, dipstick, donkey, doorknob, dork, droid, drone, dufus, dumbfuck, dumb bunny, cluck, or dora, dweeb, flake, galloot, gimp, gleep, goofball, goofus, grobian, harebrain, klotz, kluck, lamebrain, meatball, meathead, moke, mutant, neanderthal, nincompoop, ninny, palook...

  • Page 401

    illegible [ 391 ] ill-equipped drumhead law, law of the streets, kangaroo court; anarchy, nihilism, law unto itself; rebellion, coup d’étât, putsch, revolution. 3, a. offense, crime [of passion, commission, or omission], transgression, infringement, infraction, felony, misdemeanor, malfeasanc...

  • Page 402

    ill-fated [ 392 ] imagination ness. Ant., well-suited. ill-fated, adj. ill-starred, doomed; unlucky. See adversity. ill-gotten, adj. See improbity. illicit, adj. illegal (see illegality); clandestine, secret. illiterate, adj. unlettered, unlearned. See ignorance. ill-mannered, adj. ill-bred, rude...

  • Page 403

    imbalance [ 393 ] imitation brains; excogitate, work up, think out; give play to the imagination, in-dulge in reverie; conjure up a vision; suggest itself (see thought). Infor-mal, see stars, see things. Adjectives—imagined, made-up, imaginary; starry-eyed; imagining, imagi-native; original, in...

  • Page 404

    immaculate [ 394 ] impatient more than art imitates life (Oscar Wilde), In the matter of slavish imita-tion, man is the monkey’s superior all the time (Mark Twain). Antonyms, see unconformity, identity. immaculate, adj. clean, spotless, unsullied; chaste, pure, virgin, un-touched. See cleanness...

  • Page 405

    impeach [ 395 ] imperfection haste, desire. constrain; incite, compel, induce. impeach, v.t. accuse, charge, indict, See impulse, motion. arraign; censure, cite, impute; try, impend, v.i. threaten, hang over. See court-martial. See accusation, approach, threat, destiny. lawsuit. impenetrable, adj...

  • Page 406

    imperialism [ 396 ] impiety Adverbs—imperfectly, almost, to a limited extent, rather (see littleness); pretty, only; considering, all things considered (see nearness). Phrases—no rose without a thorn. Quotations—Thou art weighed in the balance, and art found wanting (Bible). Antonyms, see p...

  • Page 407

    impinge [ 397 ] importance Quotations—The sinner is at the heart of Christianity (Charles Péguy). Antonyms, see piety. impinge, v.i. encroach, intrude; col-lide, clash. See illegality. implant, v.t. plant, embed, fix, set in; inculcate, instill; graft, engraft. See insertion. implement, n. to...

  • Page 408

    importune [ 398 ] impossibility Adjectives—1, important; of importance, momentous, material, of conse-quence, consequential, crucial; not to be overlooked, not to be despised, not to be sneezed at; egregious; weighty, influential, big-time; of note (see repute); prominent, salient, signal; mem...

  • Page 409

    impostor [ 399 ] impracticable many as six impossible things before breakfast (Lewis Carroll), If an eld-erly but distinguished scientist says that something is possible he is almost certainly right, but if he says that it is impossible he is very probably wrong (Arthur C. Clarke), To dream the i...

  • Page 410

    impractical [ 400 ] impression expedient, not feasible; idealistic, wise, imprudent, unrealistic; visionary; unrealistic. See diffi-unsound, illogical; harebrained. culty, impossibility, inexpedi-See imagination, impossibility. ence. Ant., practicable, doable. Ant., practical. impractical, adj. ...

  • Page 411

    impressionable [ 401 ] improbity impressionable, adj. susceptible, sion; cachet, seal, symbol, device; suggestible, malleable. See obe-result, effect. —v.t. impress, dience. stamp, fix; inscribe, seal; make impressive, adj. imposing, awe-one’s mark on. See indication, some, majestic, stately...

  • Page 412

    impromptu [ 402 ] improvement lent (see deception); knavish, disgraceful, unconscionable; disreputable (see disrepute); wicked, sinful, vicious, criminal. 2, false-hearted, two-faced; crooked, insidious, Machiavellian, dark, slip -pery; perfidious, treacherous, underhand[ed], perjured; infamous,...

  • Page 413

    improvise [ 403 ] impulse 4, revise, edit, correct; debug; straighten out; doctor, purify; relieve, re-fresh, infuse new blood or life into; reform, remodel, retrofit, reorganize. Adjectives—improving, on the mend; improved; progressive; better [off], better for; reformatory, emendatory; repar...

  • Page 414

    impulsive [ 404 ] impurity I ask whether these pleasing attentions proceed from the impulse of the moment, or are the result of previous study? (Jane Austen). Antonyms, see thought, recoil. impulsive, adj. impulsive, im-impunity, n. exemption, immunity. promptu, offhand, natural, un-impure, adj. ...

  • Page 415

    impute [ 405 ] inactivity peddler. c. exhibitionist, flasher. Slang, dangler, troller. d. bastard, baby of love, love child. Slang, bell-bastard, incident, left-handed son. 6, adulteration (see deterioration). Verbs—1, debauch, defile, deflower, rape, ravish, ruin, seduce; prostitute, pan-de...

  • Page 416

    inadequate [ 406 ] inarticulate (see lateness); torpor, torpidity, torpescence. 3, (inactive person) idler, drone, do-little; dummy, silent partner; fifth wheel; lounger, loafer; lubber, slowpoke (see slowness); opium eater, lo-tus eater; slug, laggard, sluggard, ne’er-do-well, do-nothing, fai...

  • Page 417

    inattention [ 407 ] incense INATTENTION Lack of attention Nouns—1, inattention, inattentiveness; abstraction, absence of mind, preoc-cupation, distraction; reverie, woolgathering, daydreaming, brown study, detachment; inconsiderateness, oversight; inadvertence, inadvertency; nonobservance, disr...

  • Page 418

    incentive [ 408 ] incombustibility frankincense, musk, myrrh, san-dalwood. See flattery, rite. incentive, n. stimulus, goad, spur; motive, cause; provocation. inception, n. start, beginning. incessant, adj. endless, continual, unceasing; uninterrupted. See frequency, continuity, repe-tition. Ant...

  • Page 419

    income [ 409 ] inconsequential sprinkler, [fire] hydrant, fireplug, fire hose; carbon tetrachloride, foam, [wet] blanket; fireproofing, asbestos; fire wall or curtain. 3, firefighter, fireman; fire warden; volunteer fireman; fire or bucket brigade, fire department. Verbs—fireproof...

  • Page 420

    inconsiderate [ 410 ] incredible inconsiderate, adj. careless, heed-rassing, troublesome; inoppor-less, thoughtless; tactless, neglect-tune, untimely. See inexpedi-ful. See neglect. Ant., consider-ence, difficulty. ate, kind. incorporate, v. embody; federate, inconsistency, n. changeable-merge, ...

  • Page 421

    incredulity [ 411 ] index INCREDULITY Lack of belief Nouns—1, incredulity, incredulousness, skepticism; want of faith (see irre-ligion); doubt, distrust, suspicion, suspiciousness, scrupulosity, unbe-lief, disbelief; sophistication, ungullibility. See surprise. 2, unbeliever, disbeliever, skept...

  • Page 422

    indication [ 412 ] indication INDICATION Directing attention to; implication Nouns—1, indication; symbolism, symbolization; denotation, connotation, signification; specification, designation; sign, symbol; index, indicator; dial; point[er], marker; exponent, note, token, symptom; manifestatio...

  • Page 423

    indict [ 413 ] indirect Adjectives—indicating, indicative, indicatory; denotative; connotative; dia-critical, representative, representational, significant, suggestive; typical, symbolic, symptomatic, characteristic, demonstrative, diagnostic, expo-nential, emblematic. Adverbs—indicatively; ...

  • Page 424

    indiscretion [ 414 ] inefficient obliquity. Ant., direct, straight. erogeneous, chance; uncritical, indiscretion, n. carelessness, reck-injudicious (see indiscrimina-lessness; blunder, faux pas, lapse, tion). See mixture, disorder, slip. See rashness, wrong. generality. indiscriminate, adj. rand...

  • Page 425

    inelasticity [ 415 ] inequality INELASTICITY Lack of flexibility Nouns—inelasticity; flabbiness, limpness, flaccidity, laxity, softness; in-ductibility, inflexibility, stiffness, hardness; inextensibility. Verbs—stiffen, rigidify, tense. Adjectives—inelastic, unstretchable, inextensible...

  • Page 426

    inequitable [ 416 ] inexcitability inequitable, adj. unfair, unjust (see precious for words. See dear-injustice). ness, use. inert, adj. static, dormant; stagnant, inevitable, adj. inescapable, un-dead. See inactivity. avoidable. See certainty, des-inertia, n. stillness; laziness, tiny. lethargy;...

  • Page 427

    inexcusable [ 417 ] inferiority inexcusable, adj. unpardonable, un-infinity. forgivable, unjustifiable. See in-inexorable, adj. unrelenting, un-justice. yielding, inflexible, firm. See inexhaustible, adj. limitless, end-severity. less, unfailing. See sufficiency, INEXPEDIENCE Inconvenience N...

  • Page 428

    infernal [ 418 ] infinity bottom of the barrel. Informal, take a backseat, get the short end of the stick. Slang, suck. Adjectives—inferior, smaller; minor, junior, less[er], deficient, minus, lower, subordinate, secondary; second-rate, second-class, imperfect; short, inad-equate, out of dept...

  • Page 429

    infirmary [ 419 ] informal infirmary, n. clinic (see remedy). expansion, exaggeration. infirmity, n. fault; feebleness, inflect, v. bend, turn, curve; modu-weakness; illness, disease. late, vary; conjugate, decline. See inflame, v. anger, excite, arouse; in-curvature, change, grammar. cite, ...

  • Page 430

    information [ 420 ] information INFORMATION What one is told Nouns—1, information, enlightenment, acquaintance, knowledge; data; publicity (see publication); communication, intimation; notice, notifi-cation; word, advice, annunciation; announcement; representation, pre-sentment, infographics, ...

  • Page 431

    infraction [ 421 ] ingratitude 5, gossip. Slang, bad-mouth. Adjectives—informative, informational, reported, published; expressive, ex-plicit, open, clear, plainspoken; declaratory, expository; communicative, communicatory; informed, knowledgeable. Phrases—gossip is the lifeblood of society; ...

  • Page 432

    ingredient [ 422 ] inhibit ingredient, n. component, part, el-ement, constituent. See composi-tion. INGRESS Act of entering Nouns—1, ingress; entrance, entry, entrée, introgression; influx; intrusion, inroad, incursion, invasion, irruption; penetration, interpenetration; im-port, infiltratio...

  • Page 433

    inhospitable [ 423 ] in loco parentis straint, prohibition. in; start, commence, inaugurate, inhospitable, adj. unfriendly, un-institute. See beginning. welcoming. See malevolence. inject, v.t. insert, introduce; wedge inhuman, adj. cruel, barbarous, bes-or force in; inoculate; intersperse, tial,...

  • Page 434

    inmate [ 424 ] inoculate a parent. See substitution. body, interior. inmate, n. prisoner, détenu; ten-innate, adj. natural, inborn; inher-ant, occupant. See inhabitant, ent; congenital. See intrinsic, in-prison. tuition. Ant., learned. in medias res, Lat., in the middle of inner, adj. inward, i...

  • Page 435

    inoffensive [ 425 ] inorganic matter inoffensive, adj. innocuous, harm-inopportune, adj. unseasonable, un-less; unaggressive; blameless. See timely, ill-timed; inconvenient, innocence. Ant., offensive, awkward. See inexpedience. harmful. Ant., convenient, proper. inoperative, adj. ineffective, no...

  • Page 436

    in ovo [ 426 ] inquiry gadolinium, gallium, germanium, gold, hafnium, hahnium, helium, holmium, hydrogen, indium, iodine, iridium, iron, krypton, lanthanum, lawrencium, lead, lithium, lutetium, magnesium, manganese, mendele-vium, mercury, molybdenum, neodymium, neon, neptunium, nickel, nio-bium, ...

  • Page 437

    inquisition [ 427 ] inroad ficulty); sixty-four-thousand-dollar question. 4, (one who inquires) inquirer, investigator, inquisitor, inspector, querist, examiner, prober, cross-examiner, watchdog committee; spy, secret or in -telligence agent, operative, undercover agent, counterspy, double agent...

  • Page 438

    insanity [ 428 ] insanity INSANITY Lack of mental soundness Nouns—1, insanity, lunacy, derangement, craziness, feeblemindedness; ab-normal behavior, pathology; affective disorder; nervous breakdown; anti-social, compulsive, cyclothymic, passive-aggressive, or psycopathic per-sonality, character...

  • Page 439

    insatiable [ 429 ] insensibility 2, drive mad or crazy, craze, distract, shatter, unhinge, madden, dement, addle the wits of, derange; infatuate, obsess, turn the brain, turn one’s head, go to one’s head. 3, commit, put away, institutionalize, lock up (see restraint); certify. Adjectives—1,...

  • Page 440

    inseparable [ 430 ] insertion impassibleness, impassivity; inappetency, apathy, phlegm, dullness, hebe -tude, supineness, lukewarmness. See oblivion. 2, (emotional numbness) coldness, cold fit, cold blood, cold heart; frigid -ity, sangfroid; stoicism; imperturbability, inexcitability; nonchalanc...

  • Page 441

    inside [ 431 ] insolence Verbs—insert, interpolate, inset, inlay; put, press, pack, or stuff in; inject, in-oculate; introduce, insinuate, impregnate, implant, graft, bud; intervene (see between); infuse, instill; add; bury, inter; immerse, submerge; pierce (see opening). Adjectives—interpola...

  • Page 442

    insolvency [ 432 ] instantaneity Verbs—1, bluster, vapor, swagger, swell, give oneself airs, snap one’s fin-gers; swear (see affirmation); roister; arrogate; assume, presume; make bold, make free; take a liberty, patronize. Slang, have a nerve, stiff. 2, outface, outlook, outstare, outbraze...

  • Page 443

    in statu quo [ 433 ] instrumentality Adjectives—instantaneous, momentary, sudden, instant, abrupt; extemporane-ous; precipitate, immediate, hasty (see haste); quick as thought or lightning. Adverbs—instantaneously, instantly, immediately, [right] now, right off, right away, then and there, he...

  • Page 444

    insubordinate [ 434 ] insubstantiality saw, chain saw, circular saw, coping saw, crosscut saw, dozuki, hacksaw, handsaw, jigsaw, keyhole saw, compass saw, ripsaw, ryoba, saw, whipsaw. f. bail, bar, crowbar, cultivator, entrenching tool, fork, hoe, lever, loy, mat-tock, pitchfork, plow, pry, prize...

  • Page 445

    insufferable [ 435 ] insulate nary (see imagination); dreamy; shadowy, ethereal, aerial, airy, spectral; weightless; vacant, vacuous, empty (see absence), blank, hollow; nomi-nal, null; inane. Quotations—All that we see or seem is but a dream within a dream (Edgar Allan Poe), We are such stuff ...

  • Page 446

    insult [ 436 ] intellect clusion, covering. ence. insult, v.t. slap, abuse, affront, of-intact, adj. whole, unimpaired, un-fend. See discourtesy. —n. out-injured; untouched. See perfec-rage; slap, affront. See disre-tion, preservation. spect. intake, n. consumption, ingestion, insuperable, adj....

  • Page 447

    intellectual [ 437 ] intelligentsia drives out sensuality (Leonardo da Vinci). Antonyms, see insanity. intellectual, n. pundit, brain (see knowledge). —adj. mental (see intellect). INTELLIGENCE Capacity to learn Nouns—1, intelligence, capacity, comprehension, apprehension, under-standing; par...

  • Page 448

    intelligible [ 438 ] intention intelligible, adj. clear, explicit; artic-ous. See meaning. Ant., unintelli-ulate, comprehensible; lucid, per-gible. spicuous; legible, precise; obvi-INTEMPERANCE Lack of moderation Nouns—1, intemperance, indulgence, overindulgence, high living, self-indulgence; v...

  • Page 449

    inter [ 439 ] interchange lution; set or settled purpose, wish, desire, motive. See will, meaning. 2, final cause, raison d’être, end in itself; object, aim, end; drift, tenor, ten-dency; goal, target, prey, quarry, game; destination, mark. See pursuit. Verbs—intend, purpose, design, mean; ...

  • Page 450

    intercourse [ 440 ] interment intercourse, n. communication, advantage, profit; part, share, conversation, converse, com-holding; claim, title. See debt, munion; coitus, [sexual] congress, importance, possession. sex; sociality; fellowship, asso-interface, n. link, connection; user ciation; comm...

  • Page 451

    intermezzo [ 441 ] interpose ual care; [death] knell, passing bell, tolling; dirge (see lamentation); death watch, vigil; deep six; dead or death march, taps, threnody, funeral procession, exequy, muffled drum; elegy, eulogy, panegyric, funeral ora-tion; epitaph; obituary, death notice; autopsy,...

  • Page 452

    interpretation [ 442 ] intersperse INTERPRETATION Meaning Nouns—1, interpretation, definition; explanation, explication; solution, an-swer; rationale, concept; strict interpretation; demonstration; mean-ing; acception, acceptation, acceptance; light, reading, lection, construc-tion, version; s...

  • Page 453

    intertwine [ 443 ] intrinsic dispersion). lace, interweave. See mixture, intertwine, v.t. [inter]mingle, inter-crossing. INTERVAL Distance between Nouns—interval, interspace; separation, disjunction; break, fracture, gap; hole, opening; chasm, hiatus, caesura; interruption, interregnum; inter-s...

  • Page 454

    introduce [ 444 ] inure 2, nature, constitution, character, quality, property, crasis, diathesis, the nature of the beast; ring [of truth, etc.]. See identity. 3, habit, temper, temperament; spirit, humor, grain; moods, features, as-pects; peculiarities (see speciality); idiosyncrasy; idiocrasy (...

  • Page 455

    invade [ 445 ] invigorate habit, strengthen. invade, v.t. enter, encroach, violate, penetrate, trespass; attack, as-sail, harry. See ingress. invalid, adj. void, null, worthless, useless, valueless, unusable. See nullification. invalid, n. sufferer, patient, case, shut-in; cripple. —adj. sickl...

  • Page 456

    invincible [ 446 ] irascibility invincible, adj. unconquerable, in-Ant., vulnerable. defatigable, unyielding, indomi-inviolable, adj. invulnerable, unas-table. See strength, power. sailable. See safety, purity. INVISIBILITY Lack of visibility Nouns—invisibility; nonappearance, imperceptibility,...

  • Page 457

    irate [ 447 ] irregularity 3, hothead, blusterer; shrew, vixen, virago, termagant, scold, Xanthippe; spitfire. Informal, fire-eater, crank, grouch, crosspatch. Slang, ugly cus-tomer, sourpuss, sorehead. Verbs—have a temper, have a devil in one; flare or fire up, be angry (see re-sentment); ...

  • Page 458

    irrelevant [ 448 ] issue irrelevant, adj. inappropriate, unfit-ting, unrelated, inconsistent, inap-plicable. See disagreement. IRRELIGION Lack of religious belief Nouns—1, irreligion, irreligiousness, ungodliness, godlessness, impiety; idolatry; heterodoxy. 2, (questioning philosophies) skepti...

  • Page 459

    itch [ 449 ] jaunty spurt; flow, spring. See depar-ture, effect, egress, money, publication. itch, n. itching, tickling, prickly sen-sation; mange, manginess; ca-coëthes, cacoëthes scribendi (writer’s itch); the itch, scabies, psora; itchiness; burning, tingling; desire, craving, hankering. ...

  • Page 460

    jaw [ 450 ] jetty fashion, cheerfulness, osten-bebop; cool, progressive, West tation. Coast, or modern jazz; slang, jaw, n. mandible, jawbone. —v.i. nonsense, foolishness. See mu-chatter, talk, jabber. See lo-sic, unmeaningness. quacity. jazzy, adj. flashy, showy; synco-jazz, n. ragtime, blues...

  • Page 461

    jeunesse dorée [ 451 ] joy jeunesse dorée, Fr., gilded youth. See waste, youth. jewel, n. stone, gem; diamond, ruby, sapphire, etc. See ornament, good. jewelry, n. gems, beads, trinkets, stones; bracelets, bangles, neck-laces, etc. See ornament. jezebel, n. trollop, strumpet, hussy. See female,...

  • Page 462

    joyless [ 452 ] jug joyless, adj. cheerless, sad (see de-sad, morose. pression). Ant., joyful. jubilee, n. celebration; anniver-jubilant, adj. joyful; triumphant, ex-sary; rejoicing. ultant; elated, rejoicing, in high judge, n. & v. See lawsuit, judg-spirits. See cheerfulness. Ant., ment. JUD...

  • Page 463

    juggle [ 453 ] just tankard. See receptacle. jumble, n. mixup, confusion, disor-juggle, v. manipulate; conjure; trick, der; pi. —v. mix up, disarrange, cheat. See deception. muddle, mess. juice, n. fruit drink, beverage; fluid, jumbo, adj. huge (see size). liquid; slang, [electric] current. ju...

  • Page 464

    justice [ 454 ] keen JUSTICE Conformity to moral principles Nouns—1, justice, justness, fairness, fair treatment, impartiality, equity, eq-uitableness; poetic justice, rough justice, deserts; nemesis (see punish-ment); scales of justice; fair play, fair trial, trial by jury; affirmative ac-tio...

  • Page 465

    keep [ 455 ] killing keep, v. retain, hold, have, possess; receive, preserve; celebrate (holi-days), maintain; sustain, continue; hold back, save, cling to, detain. See possession, preservation. —n. subsistence, maintenance; donjon, dungeon; prison, prison tower, cell, jail. See defense, food. ...

  • Page 466

    killjoy [ 456 ] kin ing, injection; suffocation, smothering, strangulation, choking, garrote, gallows, hanging, beheading, [burning at the] stake, stoning, lapidation, decapitation, crucifixion, guillotine, immolation, vaporization, violent death, burial alive; [assisted] suicide, self-destructi...

  • Page 467

    kind [ 457 ] knob kind, n. sort, species, class, type, ilk, breed, character, nature. —adj. kindly, kindhearted; gentle, tender, sympathetic, mild, friendly, oblig-ing, benign, solicitous, lenient; helpful. See benevolence, le-niency. kindergarten, n. nursery school, playschool. See school. kin...

  • Page 468

    knock [ 458 ] knowledge ance, boss; handle; hill. See con-knot, n. snarl, tangle; puzzle, prob-vexity. lem; cluster, group; lump, node. knock, v. pound, strike, hit, rap, tap; —v. tangle, snarl; tie, bind, fasten. tamp; bump, collide; informal, be-See difficulty, crossing, den-little, deprecia...

  • Page 469

    know-nothing [ 459 ] laconic 5, knowable, cognizable, ascertainable, perceptible, discernible, compre-hensible. Phrases—experience is the best teacher; live and learn; once bitten, twice shy; a little knowledge is a dangerous thing; know thyself. Quotations—The years teach much which the days...

  • Page 470

    lacquer [ 460 ] lamentation shortness, diffuseness. Ant., wordy. lacquer, n. varnish, shellack. See smoothness, covering. lacuna, n. gap, interruption, break. See discontinuance. lad, n. boy, youth, stripling. laden, adj. loaded, burdened, en-cumbered. See hindrance. ladle, n. spoon, dipper; meta...

  • Page 471

    lamina [ 461 ] land a wry face, gnash one’s teeth, wring one’s hands, tear one’s hair, beat one’s breast. 3, complain, murmur, mutter, whine, grumble, clamor, make a fuss about. Slang, gripe, bellyache, kvetch, pitch a bitch. See discontent. Adjectives—lamenting, in mourning, in sackclo...

  • Page 472

    landing [ 462 ] language landing, n. docking, alighting, land-dication; cairn, menhir, mono-fall, disembarkation; wharf, dock, lith; turning point, highlight. levee, pier; runway, airstrip; three-landscape, n. countryside; vista, point landing. See arrival, sup-view; landscaping, park; city-port....

  • Page 473

    languid [ 463 ] lass Brahui. j. Altaic; Turkic, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Turkmen, Uzbek, Kirghiuz, Yakut; Mongolian, Mongolic, Buriat, Khalkha; Tungusic, Manchu, Evenki, Even, Nanay. k. Basque. 3, (study of language) [applied, comparative, computational, descriptive, structural, or anthropological] ...

  • Page 474

    lasso [ 464 ] lateness lasso, n. lariat, noose. —v.t. catch, late, adj. tardy (see lateness); new, rope. See hindrance. recent; former, sometime; de-last, v.i. endure, persist, continue, ceased. See newness, past, abide. See time, durability. death. Ant., early. —adj. final, ultimate; latest...

  • Page 475

    latent [ 465 ] lawsuit Interjections—too late! now or never! Phrases—delays are dangerous; never put off till tomorrow what you can do today; procrastination is the thief of time; he who hesitates is lost; it is no use crying over spilt milk; it is too late to shut the stable door after the h...

  • Page 476

    lawyer [ 466 ] lax ror, case, decision, precedent, reports; plea bargaining. See restraint. 3, a. judge, justice, magistrate, surrogate, referee, chancellor; jurist, jus-tice, [the] court; chancellor; judge of assize, recorder, justice of the peace, JP, magistrate; his worship, his honor, his Lor...

  • Page 477

    laxative [ 467 ] leap dled; anarchical, unauthorized. disorganization, chaos. See ne-See lateness, softness, ne-glect. Ant., severity, strictness. glect, impurity. Ant., strict, tense. lay, adj. secular, noncleric, nonpro-laxative, n. physic, cathartic, purga-fessional. —v.t. put, place, de-tiv...

  • Page 478

    learning [ 468 ] least 3, leaper, jumper, kangaroo, jerboa, chamois, goat, frog, grasshopper, flea, hoptoad; jumping bean, jumping jack, pogo stick; spring. 4, high jump, broad or long jump, pole vault; lover’s leap; springboard; leap frog, hopscotch; hop, skip, and jump. Verbs—leap, jump, h...

  • Page 479

    leather [ 469 ] legality inferiority, littleness. leather, n. skin, hide; cowhide, calf-skin, etc. See covering, materi-als. leathery, adj. tough, tanned, coria-ceous. See hardness. Ant., sup-ple. leave, v.t. abandon, surrender; quit, forsake; deliver; cease, desist, forgo; bequeath; relinquish. ...

  • Page 480

    legate [ 470 ] length order; sanction, authority. 3, jurisprudence, codification, equity; common, civil, statute, or constitu -tional law; ecclesiastical or divine law, law of Moses, unwritten law; fam -ily law; military or maritime law; Uniform Code of Military Justice. 4, jurisdiction, adminis...

  • Page 481

    leniency [ 471 ] lethargy kilometer; land measure, surveyors’ measure. Verbs—1, stretch out, extend, sprawl, reach to, stretch to. 2, lengthen, extend, elongate, stretch, prolong, string out, produce, pro-tract, let out, draw out, spin out. 3, enfilade, rake; look along; view in perspective....

  • Page 482

    letter [ 472 ] liability letter, n. character, symbol; cuneiform, hieroglyphic; capital, majuscule; small letter, minus-cule; consonant, vowel, digraph, diphthong; missive, note. See writing, communication. lettered, adj. learned, educated, lit-erate. See learning. Ant., unlet-tered, uneducated, ...

  • Page 483

    liaison [ 473 ] liberation lie under, expose oneself to, open a door to; be responsible for, answer for. Adjectives—liable, subject, in danger, open to, exposed to, apt to, dependent on, responsible, answerable, accountable, incurring; contingent, inciden-tal, possible, on or in the cards, at t...

  • Page 484

    libertarian [ 474 ] life Verbs—1, liberate, free [from bondage], set free, set at liberty, give one’s freedom; disenthrall; emancipate, enfranchise, manumit; deliver, extri-cate, release, ransom, reclaim; snatch from the jaws of death; redeem, ab-solve, save; acquit. Slang, spring. 2, dischar...

  • Page 485

    life-giving [ 475 ] light munology, mammalogy, microbiology, molecular biology, mycology, neurobiology, ornithology, paleontology, parasitology, phycology, physi -ology, phytology; behaviorism, ecology. 3, (life functions) anabolism, catabolism, chemosynthesis, cytokinesis, exo -cytosis, glycolys...

  • Page 486

    light-headed [ 476 ] lightweight day, sunlight; moonlight, starlight. Informal, lite. 2, (intermittent light) glow, glimmer[ing]; glitter, shimmer, flicker, glint; spark, scintilla, sparkle, scintillation, flash, blaze, coruscation, flame, fire, lightning bolt. 3, (radiant light) luster, shee...

  • Page 487

    likable [ 477 ] linger portance. likable, adj. lovable, adorable, charming. See love. Ant., unlik-able. like, adj. similar, resembling, charac-teristic. See similarity. —v.t. en-joy, desire, fancy. See pleasure, love, approbation. Ant., differ-ent, dissimilar; dislike. likely, adj. credible; su...

  • Page 488

    lingerie [ 478 ] list dle, poke; remain, persist. See lateness, durability, slow-ness. lingerie, n. underthings, underwear, undies (inf.), unmentionables (inf.). See clothing. lingo, n. language, speech, tongue; argot, cant, jive (sl.), etc.; shop talk. lingua franca, n. dialect, pidgin, creole. ...

  • Page 489

    listen [ 479 ] littleness Verbs—1, list, catalog, record, register, inventory; tally, file, tabulate; in-dex, post, enter, set or jot down, inscribe; enroll, matriculate; itemize, schedule, chronicle; enumerate, rattle or reel off; blacklist. 2, list, incline, careen (see obliquity). Adjective...

  • Page 490

    liturgy [ 480 ] location Adjectives—1, little, small, minute, diminutive, micro[scopic], inconsider-able, exiguous, puny, wee, tiny; petty (see unimportance); petite, pee-wee, teeny[-weeny], midget, runty, stubby, bantam, elfin, dainty, dinky, minikin, knee-high, miniature, pygmy, nanoid, unde...

  • Page 491

    lock [ 481 ] loner tion; ground zero. See region. 2, place, situation, locality, locale, site, depot, position, post, stand, neigh-borhood, environment, whereabouts, bearings, orientation; attitude, as-pect, viewpoint, standpoint, spot; colony. See abode 3, colonization, domestication, habitation...

  • Page 492

    long [ 482 ] loquacity solitaire; hermit. See seclusion, asceticism. long, adj. lengthy, elongated; te-dious; extended, protracted. See length. —adv. in great degree, for a time. See durability. longevity, n. See age, durability. longing, n. yearning, craving, han-kering, hunger. See desire. lo...

  • Page 493

    lord [ 483 ] loudness Quotations—Continual eloquence is tedious (Pascal), Talkativeness is one thing, speaking well another (Sophocles), Talkers are no good doers (Shakespeare), Here comes the orator! with his flood of words, and his drop of reason (Benjamin Franklin), I have heard talk and ta...

  • Page 494

    loudspeaker [ 484 ] love 3, (loud noise) din, clamor, clang, clangor, fracas, bluster, rattle, clatter, noise, roar, uproar, racket, pandemonium, hubbub, shrillness, hullaballoo; charivari; trumpet blast, fanfare, ring, peal, toll, alarum, blast, boom, thun-der, thunderclap; white noise; boiler f...

  • Page 495

    loveless [ 485 ] low-class sweetheart, beloved, girl or lady friend; betrothed, affianced, fiancée. In-formal, steady, honeybunch, date, sweetie, jo. Slang, fancy woman. c. fa-vorite, apple of one’s eye, light of one’s life. d. lovers, lovebirds. e. lovers’ lane, lover’s leap. Verbs—...

  • Page 496

    low-cut [ 486 ] lull classy, well-born. lowland, n. bottom[land], marsh-low-cut, adj. décolleté (see divest-land, downs; dale, dell. See land, ment). lowness. lower, v.i. lour, glower, scowl; be lowlife, n. bum, good-for-nothing, imminent, impend, approach. wastrel. See badness. —adj. & v...

  • Page 497

    lullaby [ 487 ] madcap lullaby, n. sleep song (see music, repose). lumber, n. wood, logs, timber; planks, boards, paneling, etc. See materials. —v. trudge, plod, hobble, bumble. See slowness. luminary, n. heavenly body, sun, star, etc.; wise man, shining light; celebrity, notable. See universe,...

  • Page 498

    madden [ 488 ] major madden, v.t. infuriate, enrage, in-cense, craze; drive mad, derange; make one’s blood boil. See re-sentment. made-up, adj. fabricated, imagined, fanciful, make-believe, fictitious, made of whole cloth. See imagi-nation, falsehood. Ant., real, true, factual. madhouse, n. as...

  • Page 499

    majority [ 489 ] male majority, n. adulthood; preponder-ance, excess, superiority. Ant., minority. make, v.t. create, produce; prepare; obtain, cause, compel; amount to. See production, compulsion, form. make-believe, n. fantasy, unreality, fiction, imagination; pretense, feigning, imitation, fa...

  • Page 500

    malediction [ 490 ] malfunction idea that he is a thing of beauty and a boy forever (Helen Rowland), A man is a god in ruins (Emerson). Antonyms, see female. malediction, n. imprecation, curse, malefactor, n. evildoer, wrong-anathema, execration. doer, criminal, felon. MALEVOLENCE Ill will Nouns...

  • Page 501

    malice [ 491 ] maneuver defect, misfire, miscarriage. avoidance, disease, falsehood. malice, n. malevolence, spite, ill mall, n. promenade, allée, avenue, will, animosity. Ant., goodwill. parkway; shopping center. See malign, v.t. libel, slander, defame; passage, sale. calumniate, asperse, tra...

  • Page 502

    manful [ 492 ] manuscript manful, adj. brave, resolute. See bravery. manger, n. trough, bin, crib, feed box. See receptacle. mangle, v.t. break, crush, mutilate; disfigure, mar; press, iron. See de-terioration. —n. iron, press. See smoothness. mangy, adj. itchy, scurvy, scaly, scrofulous; shab...

  • Page 503

    many [ 493 ] marriage many, adj. numerous, multitudi-nous, manifold. See multitude. many-sided, adj. versatile; multilat-eral, polyhedral. See side. map, n. plan, chart, projection; dia-gram; slang, face. mapmaker, n. cartographer, sur-veyor. See plan. mar, v.t. disfigure, deface, blemish, scrat...

  • Page 504

    marrow [ 494 ] martyrdom or matron of honor, best man, usher; spouse, mate, partner, significant other, live-in lover, housemate, helpmate, helpmeet. Slang, man-eater, mantrap, pillow-mate. b. married man, Benedict, husband, man, good provider, consort, squaw-man, domestic partner. Slang, main o...

  • Page 505

    marvel [ 495 ] materials fice, suffering, pain, torture, agony; heroism, asceticism; saint-liness, long-suffering. See kill-ing, punishment. marvel, n. See wonder. marvelous, adj. wonderful, prodi-gious, surprising, extraordinary. See wonder. Ant., commonplace. mascot, n. pet, talisman. See sor-...

  • Page 506

    materials [ 496 ] materials 2, a. wood, lumber, timber, clapboard, decking, excelsior, fencing, floor-ing, green lumber, hardwood, heartwood, paneling, parquet, plywood, rat-tan, sapwood, thatch, veneer, weatherboard, wicker; pine, fir, cedar, cy-press, spruce, hemlock, juniper, larch, yew; ald...

  • Page 507

    matériel [ 497 ] maxim mignonette, [needle]point [lace], raised point, reticella, rose point, tam -bour; Alençon, Breton, Brussels lace, Carrickmacross, Dieppe lace, Mechlin, Milan point, Tenerife, Valenciennes, Venetian point. i. cerecloth, oilcloth; camlet. 5, leather, skin, fur, pelt; alliga...

  • Page 508

    maximize [ 498 ] mean law, conclusion, reflection, proposition, protasis; precept, rule, golden rule; well-turned phrase; epigram, slogan, device; epitaph; buzzword. See wit. 2, (trite saying) commonplace, bromide, cliché; platitude, twice-told tale, text; wise, trite, or hackneyed saying. Info...

  • Page 509

    meander [ 499 ] means mediocre, middle-class, commonplace, normal; median. Adverbs—on the average, in the long run, taking all things together, in round numbers. Quotations—We know what happens to people who stay in the middle of the road. They get run over (Aneurin Bevan), You will go most s...

  • Page 510

    mean-spirited [ 500 ] measurement derwrite, capitalize, fund. Adverbs—by dint or means of, by virtue of, through the medium of, with, per, by all means; wherewith, herewith, therewith, wherewithal, how, in what manner, through, by the instrumentality of, with the aid of, by the agency of, with ...

  • Page 511

    meat [ 501 ] mediocrity value on, appreciate, size up, span, pace, step; gauge, plumb, weigh, probe, sound, fathom, quantize; heave the lead; survey, graduate, calibrate. Adjectives—measuring, metric[al], measurable; geodetic[al]; baro-metric[al]; latitudinal, longitudinal, etc. meat, n. pith, ...

  • Page 512

    meditate [ 502 ] memory meditate, v. muse, ponder, cogitate; plan, intend, contemplate, pur-pose. See thought. medium, n. mean; surrounding; go-between, agent; agency, instru-mentality, means; spiritualist, clairvoyant. See between, envi-ronment, mediocrity. medley, n. jumble, miscellany, vari-et...

  • Page 513

    menace [ 503 ] mental finger. Verbs—1, remember, retain the memory of; keep in view, bear in mind, hold in memory, remain in one’s memory, mind, or head; recur to the mind, flash across the memory; haunt, run in the head; take a walk down mem-ory lane. 2, (be reminded of) recognize, recolle...

  • Page 514

    mentality [ 504 ] method mentality, n. intellect, intelli-gence, mind, understanding. mention, v.t. communicate, desig-nate, let fall; cite, speak of. See information, speech. mentor, n. teacher (see teaching). menu, n. bill of fare, fare, diet, list, carte. See food. mercantile, adj. commercial ...

  • Page 515

    meticulous [ 505 ] middle ion, design, tone, behavior, guise; modus operandi, modus vivendi, pro-cedure, process, practice, regimen, system, technique, methodology, strat-egy, tactics, routine, line of conduct, lifestyle; system, plan, scheme, formula, rule. See agency, order, use. Verbs—method...

  • Page 516

    middle-aged [ 506 ] mind reader middle-aged, adj. mature, in [one’s] prime, d’un certain âge. See age. middle-class, adj. common, ordi-nary; bourgeois, conservative, conventional. See mediocrity, permanence. middleman, n. go-between, inter-mediary, agent. See compro-mise. middling, adj. medi...

  • Page 517

    mine [ 507 ] mischief reader. See prediction. mine, n. lode, vein, deposit; open pit, burrow, excavation; explosive, bomb; source, treasure trove. See concavity, store. mineral, n. inorganic substance, ore (see inorganic matter). mingle, v. blend, mix, merge, inter-mingle, conjoin; associate. See...

  • Page 518

    misconception [ 508 ] misjudgment misconception, n. delusion, mis-take, misunderstanding. See er-ror, misjudgment. misconduct, n. impropriety, misde-meanor, misbehavior, mismanage-ment, monkey business (inf.). See guilt, wrong. misconstrue, v.t. misunderstand, misrepresent, get or take wrong, tak...

  • Page 519

    mislay [ 509 ] misuse by underestimating the intelligence of the great masses of the plain people (H. L. Mencken), Truth lies within a little and certain compass, but error is immense (Lord Bolingbroke), If all else fails, immortality can always be assured by a spectacular error (J. K. Galbraith)...

  • Page 520

    mite [ 510 ] mob appropriate; ill-use. relief, moderation, vindica-mite, n. louse, insect, chigoe, chig-tion. ger, etc.; coin, penny, sou. See mixed bag, potpourri, medley, as-littleness. sortment, hodgepodge. See mix-mitigate, v.t. lessen, moderate, ame-ture. liorate, palliate, allay, relieve. S...

  • Page 521

    mobile [ 511 ] moderation common herd, canaille; crowd, similarity. populace. See assemblage. mock-up, n. layout, dummy, model; mobile, adj. movable, loose, free, reproduction, copy. See plan. animate. See motion. mod, adj., informal, modern, up-to-mobilize, v. motorize, activate, set in date. Se...

  • Page 522

    modern [ 512 ] Mohammedan gustine), Pure reason avoids extremes, and requires one to be wise in mod-eration (Molière), And let me remind you also that moderation in the pur-suit of justice is no virtue! (Barry Goldwater), I see no objection to stout-ness, in moderation (W. S. Gilbert), Excess on...

  • Page 523

    moisture [ 513 ] money MOISTURE Dampness Nouns—1, moisture, moistness, humidity, dampness, wet[ness], dankness, clamminess; hygrometry. See water. 2, dew, fog, mist. See cloudiness, vapor. 3, wetlands, marsh[land], swamp[land], everglade, chott, pocosin, glade, salina, salt marsh, alluvial or c...

  • Page 524

    money [ 514 ] money backing (see means); purse strings. Informal, mad money. Slang, green power, fast or quick buck, scratch, almighty dollar, dash, jack, grease, ma -zooma, spondulix, tinkle, bread, dust, dough, dinero, gelt, do-re-mi, tusheroon, wine, the needful; megabucks; voodoo economics. 2...

  • Page 525

    moneylender [ 515 ] monologue 2, have or roll in money, wallow in wealth, have a bundle, make a fortune, feather one’s nest, strike it rich, burn a hole in one’s pocket. Informal, have money to burn, hit the jackpot, make a killing. Slang, stink of money. 3, enrich, make rich, line one’s po...

  • Page 526

    monopolize [ 516 ] mortar sciousness. See drama. monopolize, v.t. engross, absorb, appropriate, corner. See atten-tion. monopoly, n. trust, cartel, syndicate, pool; corner. See restraint, pos-session. monotonous, adj. wearisome, hum-drum, tedious; unvaried, repeti-tious. repetition, weariness. mo...

  • Page 527

    mortgage [ 517 ] motionless mortgage, n. pledge, security, en-cumbrance, loan, bond, deben-ture; promise. —v. borrow, pledge, hypothecate. See debt. mortification, n. humiliation, vexa-tion, embarrassment, chagrin. See asceticism, humility. mortify, v.t. humiliate, embarrass, chagrin; decay. S...

  • Page 528

    motion pictures [ 518 ] motion pictures MOTION PICTURES Nouns—1, motion or moving pictures, cinema, the silver screen; silent film, talking picture, picture show; rating, Motion Picture Rating Association, G, PG, PG-13,, R,R, NC-NC-17, X; production company, majors, motion pic-ture studio, ind...

  • Page 529

    motivate [ 519 ] mouthpiece buzz, heat. 6, movie house or theater, picture palace, Cineplex, multiplex, nick -elodeon; cinematheque, revival house; projection booth; drive-in [theater]. 7, Academy Awards, Oscars, Golden Globes. Verbs—intercut, synchronize, cheat [to camera], score, screen. Adje...

  • Page 530

    movable [ 520 ] multitude lip, bit, pipe stem, etc.; slang, spokesman, parrot, speaker, lawyer. See music, speech, lawsuit. movable, adj. portable, mobile; changeable. See changeable-ness, motion. move, v. transport, impel, actuate, in-cite, arouse, influence, propose; stir, act; remove. See cau...

  • Page 531

    mum [ 521 ] mushy 3, greater number, majority; infinity; multiplication. See increase. Verbs—1, be numerous, swarm, teem, crowd; outnumber, multiply, prolifer-ate, swarm like locusts. 2, produce in multitudes, churn out. Adjectives—many, several, sundry, divers, various, not a few, many a; p...

  • Page 532

    music [ 522 ] music MUSIC Organized sound Nouns—1, music; classical, semiclassical, or popular music, rock [& roll] music, country [and western] music, world music; acid, punk, hard metal, hard, or soft rock; soul [music], blues; swing, jive, boogie-woogie, pro-gressive jazz, bop, bebop, th...

  • Page 533

    music [ 523 ] music gamba, bass viol. Slang, air guitar. d. piano[forte], grand, baby grand, spinet, upright [piano]; harpsichord, clavichord, virginal; fortepiano; ce-leste, keyboard glockenspiel. Slang, eighty-eights. e. [pipe or electronic] organ, harmonium, barrel organ; hurdy-gurdy, Aeolian ...

  • Page 534

    musket [ 524 ] musty calypso singer, scat singer, patter singer; soprano, mezzo[-soprano], [contr]alto, countertenor, tenor, baritone, bass-baritone, bass, buffo, falset-tist, castrato; songbird, nightingale, philomel, thrush, mockingbird; Or-pheus, Apollo, the Muses, Euterpe, Terpsichore; siren,...

  • Page 535

    mutation [ 525 ] mythical deities deterioration. mutation, n. change, variation, de-viation; mutant, freak, aberrancy, monster. mute, v. See silence. mutilate, v.t. maim, destroy, cripple; disfigure, deface, mar. See dis-tortion, deterioration, form-lessness. mutiny, n. rebellion, revolt, upris-...

  • Page 536

    nab [ 526 ] narrow-minded Puck, Robin Goodfellow, dwarf, gnome, troll, kobold, peri, hobgoblin, leprechaun; wee folk, little or good people, good neighbors; manitou; fairy godmother or -father. 14, (evil spirit) familiar spirit, familiar, genius, genie, jinni; chimera; de -mon, incubus, succubus,...

  • Page 537

    narrowness [ 527 ] natural NARROWNESS Restricted width Nouns—1, narrowness, closeness, exiguity, littleness; thinness, tenuity, emaciation; narrowing; tapering, contraction; finger’s- or hair’s-breadth, line; strip, streak, vein. 2, shaving, chip; filament, thread, hair; sylph; neck, wai...

  • Page 538

    naturalist [ 528 ] navigation sic, conformity, intuition, un-preparedness. Ant., unnatural, affected. naturalist, n. zoologist, herpetolo-gist, botanist, horticulturalist, ichthyologist, geologist, arborist, arboriculturist, etc. See animal, vegetable. naturalize, v.t. confer citizenship on, admi...

  • Page 539

    navy [ 529 ] nearness topside; aloft. Interjections—ahoy! ship ahoy! avast! belay! steady as you go! Phrases—the good seaman is known in bad weather; heaven protects chil-dren, sailors, and drunken men. Quotations—There is nothing more enticing, disenchanting, and enslaving than the life at...

  • Page 540

    nearsighted [ 530 ] necktie nearsighted, adj. shortsighted, my-derly. opic. See vision. Ant., farsighted. nebulous, adj. nebular; cloudy, neat, adj. tidy, orderly; compact, hazy; amorphous, indistinct, un-trim, shapely; pure, unmixed; clear, confused, vague, turbid. See deft, skillful, adroit; pa...

  • Page 541

    necrology [ 531 ] neglect etc. tie; neckwear. See clothing. necrology, n. obituary. See death. necromancy, n. sorcery, enchant-ment, magic. nectar, n. honey[dew]. See sweet-ness. need, n. necessity, requirement; desire, want, privation, lack, poverty; use. —v.t. require, crave, claim, demand, y...

  • Page 542

    negligee [ 532 ] neighborhood lect; rashness; procrastination. See indifference, insufficiency. 2, (neglect of preparation) laxity, laxness, slackness, looseness, slovenli -ness; unpreparedness, improvidence, unreadiness; disregard, nonobser -vance, evasion (see avoidance); nonperformance, failu...

  • Page 543

    neighborly [ 533 ] newcomer ness, environment, location. neighborly, adj. hospitable; friendly. See friend, sociality. Ant., unneighborly, unfriendly. neither, adj. See negation. Ant., both. nemesis, n. bane, bugbear (see op-position). neology, n. neologism. See speech. neophyte, n. beginner, tyr...

  • Page 544

    newfangled [ 534 ] news eigner, Johnny-come-lately (inf.); ness, fashion. initiate. See arrival. newlywed, n. bride, blushing bride, newfangled, adj. novel. See new-[bride]groom. See marriage. NEWNESS Recent occurrence Nouns—1, newness, recentness, currency, freshness, greenness, novelty, im-ma...

  • Page 545

    newsletter [ 535 ] niggle 4, journalist, newsman, correspondent, narrator, announcer, [cub] reporter, staffer, stringer, [gossip, fashion, etc.] columnist, graveyard or lobster shift; [managing or senior] editor, bureau chief, city editor; broadcaster, newscaster, anchor, commentator, talking hea...

  • Page 546

    night [ 536 ] nobility tance. night, n. darkness, evening, night-fall, midnight, nighttime, even-tide. Ant., day[time]. nightclothes, n.pl. nightgown or -shirt, pajamas, robe de nuit, nightie (inf.), PJ’s (inf.). See clothing. nightclub, n. cabaret, café, supper club; discotheque, nightspot, ...

  • Page 547

    nobody [ 537 ] nomenclature Burke), Titles distinguish the mediocre, embarrass the superior, and are disgraced by the inferior (G. B. Shaw), When I want a peerage, I shall buy it like an honest man (Lord Northcliffe), An aristocracy in a republic is like a chicken whose head has been cut off (Nan...

  • Page 548

    nominal [ 538 ] nonexistence Adjectives—named, [so-]called, hight, yclept; [also] known as, alias, AKA, cognominal, titular, nominal; pseudonymous, soi-disant, self-styled; nameless, anonymous; né[e]. Prepositions—cum. Quotations—What’s in a name? that which we call a rose by any other n...

  • Page 549

    nonfiction [ 539 ] nonstop Adjectives—1, nonexistent, inexistent, null [and void], negative, blank, miss-ing, omitted, absent. 2, unreal, baseless, unsubstantial, imaginary, visionary, ideal, fabulous, legendary, chimerical, supposititious, vain. See imagination. 3, unborn, uncreated, unbegott...

  • Page 550

    nonviolence [ 540 ] noticeable nonviolence, n. moderation, paci-fism. nook, n. retreat, corner, cover, niche, recess. See angularity. noon, n. noontime, midday, noon-day, lunchtime. See chronome-try. noose, n. hitch, catch; loop, halter, ring, lariat, lasso. See circular-ity. norm, n. normalcy; ...

  • Page 551

    notify [ 541 ] nullification noticeable, imperceptible. notify, v. inform, warn, apprise, ad-vise, tell, acquaint. See informa-tion, publication. notion, n. idea, thought, opinion; fancy, caprice, inclination; belief, conception. See supposi-tion, changeableness. notoriety, n. flagrancy, blatan...

  • Page 552

    nullity [ 542 ] numeration peal, rescission, defeasance, renege; dismissal, deposal, deposition, de-thronement, disestablishment, disendowment, deconsecration; abolition, abolishment, dissolution; destruction; counterorder, countermand; nolle prosequi; thumbs down, veto. See negation. Verbs—1, ...

  • Page 553

    numeration [ 543 ] numeration computer, [micro]processor, punch-card or -tape reader. Slang, magic brain, number cruncher. See computers. 4, (mathematical terms) total, amount, quantity; sum, difference, prod-uct, multiplier, multiplicand, addend, aggregate, coefficient, dividend, di-visor, fact...

  • Page 554

    numerous [ 544 ] oarsman quadratic; five, fifth, quintuple, quinary; sixth, sextuple; seventh, septuple; eight, octuple; tenth, decimal, tenfold; twelfth, dozenth, duodenary; hun-dredth, centennial, centenary, centuplicate; thousandth, millennial. 3, bisected, bipartite, bifid; trisected, trip...

  • Page 555

    oasis [ 545 ] objectionable oasis, n. waterhole, wallow; refuge, yielding, inflexible; stubborn, shelter. See safety, relief. adamantine, hardened, unshak-oath, n. curse, epithet, expletive, im-able, unfeeling, hardhearted; firm. precation, profanity; pledge, See impenitence, obstinacy. bond. S...

  • Page 556

    objective [ 546 ] oblivion See disapprobation. Ant., ac-sponsibility, liability, indebted-ceptable, OK. ness; contract, mortgage. See objective, adj. unemotional, unprej-compulsion; necessity. udiced, unbiased, impersonal. See oblige, v. compel, force, constrain, extrinsic. —n. object, goal, ai...

  • Page 557

    oblong [ 547 ] obscurity obliterate; think no more of; drown one’s sorrows or troubles; get over, put behind one. Informal, file and forget, kiss or laugh off; draw a blank; blow or fluff one’s lines. 2, fall, sink, or fade into oblivion; let the dead bury the dead; let bygones be bygones (...

  • Page 558

    obsequies [ 548 ] obstinacy tired, remote, private. Phrases—neither fish, nor flesh, nor good red herring. Quotations—Human life is but a series of footnotes to a vast obscure unfin-ished masterpiece (Vladimir Nabokov), Suffering is permanent, obscure, and dark, and shares the nature of in...

  • Page 559

    obstreperous [ 549 ] occasion termined; bullheaded, pigheaded, headstrong, entêté, mulish, stubborn as a mule, tough. Informal, bitter-end, diehard, hardline, hardcore. 2, self-willed, willful, perverse, heady, headstrong, refractory, unruly, in-tractable, incorrigible, contumacious, difficult...

  • Page 560

    occasional [ 550 ] occurrence the eleventh hour; now or never; by the way, by the by; en passant, à pro-pos; parenthetically, while on the subject; ex tempore; on the spur of the moment; on the spot (see earliness); when the coast is clear. Phrases—all is fish that comes to the net; every dog...

  • Page 561

    ocean [ 551 ] odorlessness rulers, mostly knaves, and soldiers, mostly fools (Ambrose Bierce). Antonyms, see inactivity. ocean, n. sea (see water). ocular, adj. optic, visual; retinal, conjunctival; perceptible, visible. See vision. oculist, n. ophthalmologist, eye doc-tor. See vision. odd, adj. ...

  • Page 562

    odyssey [ 552 ] officiate odyssey, n. wandering, travel, likelihood. journey; quest, pilgrimage. off-color, adj., informal, improper, off, adv. away, at a distance. —adj. indelicate; risqué, racy, dirty. See disconnected, discontinued; in er-impurity. ror, mistaken; tainted, rank, stale, offe...

  • Page 563

    officious [ 553 ] oldness direct, function. See business, formal. See unconformity. rite. often, adv. ofttime[s], oftentime[s], officious, adj. interfering, meddle-frequently, repeatedly, recurrently, some, obtrusive, pushy, presump-oft. See frequency. Ant., sel-tuous; bossy. See between, au-dom...

  • Page 564

    Old Testament [ 554 ] one-sided 3, tradition, prescription, custom, neoism, immemorial usage, common law (see habit, rule). Verbs—be old, have had or seen its day, have seen better days; become old, age, fade, obsolesce, whiten, turn gray or white; date. Adjectives—1, old, older, oldest, elde...

  • Page 565

    ongoing [ 555 ] opening eral. See distortion, misjudg-onset, n. attack, onslaught; open-ment, side. ing, beginning, outbreak. ongoing, adj. continuing, actual, onslaught, n. onset, attack, charge, prevalent. See present. assault, offensive, thrust, drive; onlooker, n. spectator, observer, blame, ...

  • Page 566

    open-minded [ 556 ] opposition filade, impale, spike, spear, gore, spit, stab, pink, puncture, lance, stick, prick, riddle, punch; stave in; cut a passage through, make way or room for, open up or out; cut, expose, lay or break open, breach, broach. Slang, loid. Adjectives—open, perforate[d], ...

  • Page 567

    oppress [ 557 ] opt feast or famine. 3, (result of opposition) insurrection, rebellion, riot, revolution; strike, lockout, walkout; boycott. 4, (one who opposes) enemy, foe, rival, opponent, adversary, antagonist, foeman; assailant; archenemy, nemesis; foil; disputant, competitor. See contentio...

  • Page 568

    optical instruments [ 558 ] ordeal OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS Devices for modifying vision Nouns—1, optical instruments, [plano-convex or -concave, biconvex, con-verging or diverging miniscus, or biconcave] lens, achromatic lens; spec-tacles, glasses, bifocals, pince-nez, eyeglass, reading glasses, mo...

  • Page 569

    order [ 559 ] organic matter tion, test. See adversity, experi-command; class, kind, rank; soci-ment. ety, fellowship, guild (see party); order, n. orderliness (see order); succession, sequence. ORDER Prescribed mode of procedure Nouns—1, order, orderliness, regularity, uniformity, symmetry, ha...

  • Page 570

    organization [ 560 ] original genetic engineering or isolation, gene counseling, gene pool, gene therapy or splicing, crossbreeding, backcrossing; human genome. 2, five kingdoms, Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, Monera; agnatha, amphibia, annelida, anthophyta, arachnida, arthropoda, aves, bry...

  • Page 571

    originate [ 561 ] ornament mary, initial; earliest, primal, abo-originate, v. start, invent, begin, in-riginal; creative, inventive. See be-augurate, initiate, cause; proceed, ginning, imagination, uncon-spring. See beginning, imagina-formity, speciality. Ant., tion. secondhand, plagiarized, late...

  • Page 572

    ornate [ 562 ] ostentation dressed up like a Christmas tree, ragged out or up. Quotations—There is material enough in a single flower for the ornament of a score of cathedrals (John Ruskin), Respecting all ornament...Was it done with enjoyment—was the carver happy while he was about it? (Joh...

  • Page 573

    ostracize [ 563 ] outclass tion; magnificence, splendor. Informal, front, dog. Slang, swank, side, ritz[iness], razzle-dazzle, glitz. See vanity, pride, ornament, vulgar -ity. 2, (elaborate event) pageant[ry], demonstration, panoply, exhibition, fly -ing colors, tomfoolery; flourish or fanfare...

  • Page 574

    outcome [ 564 ] outset outcome, n. issue, termination, end, result, consequence, outgrowth, upshot. See effect. outcry, n. clamor, tumult, exclama-tion, shout, uproar. See cry, dis-approbation. outdated, adj. obsolete, out-of-date, antiquated. See oldness. Ant., up-to-date. outdistance, v.t. See ...

  • Page 575

    outshine [ 565 ] overeat mencement; departure. outshine, v.t. outdo, eclipse, excel, overshadow. See repute. outside, adj. exterior, outer, exter-nal, outward. Ant., inside. outsider, n. alien, stranger, for-eigner; layman; onlooker, pas-serby, intruder, pariah, rebel, etc. See extrinsic, laity. ...

  • Page 576

    overestimation [ 566 ] oversight overestimation, n. See exaggera-tion. overflow, v. inundate, flood; brim or well over, boil over, run over. —n. inundation, flooding, deluge, allu-vion; spate, profusion, excess. See sufficiency, water, overrun-ning. overgrown, adj. overrun, weedy; swollen, ...

  • Page 577

    overstate [ 567 ] pacification ity, neglect. overstate, v.t. exaggerate, over-claim, overdo, overdraw, overem-bellish. See exaggeration. Ant., understate, minimize. overstep, v.i. transgress, trespass, cross, encroach, exceed; intrude, infringe. See overrunning. overt, adj. open, exposed, plain ...

  • Page 578

    pack [ 568 ] pagan Slang, flower child; peacenik, jodie, conshie. Verbs—1, pacify, tranquilize, compose; allay (see moderation); reconcile, [re]unite, propitiate, placate, conciliate, meet halfway, hold out the olive branch, accommodate, heal the breach, make peace, restore harmony, bring to t...

  • Page 579

    page [ 569 ] pain godly, religious. pageant, n. exhibition, show, pa-page, n. servant, attendant, call rade, display, spectacle. See os-boy, page boy, bellboy; folio, leaf. tentation, celebration. —v. summon, call; number pages, pail, n. bucket, can, canister, pot, foliate, paginate. See numera...

  • Page 580

    painkiller [ 570 ] painting painkiller, n. alleviative, lenitive, facility. Ant., painful. anodyne, paregoric, analgesic, pains, n.pl. exertion, labor, effort; [local or general] anesthetic, nar-attention, seriousness. cotic, morphine, codeine, sleeping painstaking, adj. careful, particular, pill...

  • Page 581

    pair [ 571 ] pale spatula; pencil, charcoal, crayons, chalk, pastel; brush stroke, scumbling; [short or thick] paint, water color, oils, oil paint; primer, gesso, under- painting, imprimatura, sizing; oxgall; aquarelle, [transparent or opaque] watercolor, gouache, designer’s colors, aquatint; v...

  • Page 582

    palisade [ 572 ] panorama palisade, n. fence, paling; (pl.) cliffs, escarpment. See vertical, enclosure. pall, v. jade, weary; cloy, sicken, sati-ate. See weariness, sufficiency. —n. murk, smoke, smog, coffin. See covering, interment. pallet, n. palette; mattress, bed; plat-form. See painting...

  • Page 583

    panpipe [ 573 ] paranoid panpipe, n. syrinx, Pan’s pipes. See music. pansy, n., slang, pantywaist, weak-ling; homosexual. See weakness, male. Ant., he-man. pant, v.i. gasp, puff, blow; yearn or long for. See desire, wind. pantomime, n. mime, mimicry, chi-ronomy; dumbshow, tableau, cha-rades, si...

  • Page 584

    parapet [ 574 ] parrot See insanity, fear. parapet, n. wall, rampart, breast-work, embankment, defense; railing. See hindrance. paraphernalia, n.pl. apparatus, trappings, gear, equipment; be-longings. See possession. paraphrase, n. rendering, restate-ment, switch (inf.). —v. restate, al-ter, re...

  • Page 585

    parry [ 575 ] part chatterbox; imitator, mimic. —v.t. parry, v. fend or ward off, avert, imitate, echo, mime, repeat, say turn aside, deflect; evade; fence. by rote, prate. See imitation, lo-See defense. quacity. PARSIMONY Excessive frugality Nouns—1, parsimony, parsimoniousness, stinginess,...

  • Page 586

    partake [ 576 ] part-time Adjectives—1, part, partial, fractional, fragmentary, sectional, aliquot, in-complete; divided, cleft, multifid, separated, individual, in compartments; bipartite, tripartite, etc., multipartite; broken, splintered, severed, dis-rupt[ed], scrappy; departmental; branch...

  • Page 587

    party [ 577 ] pass hours, temporary, occasional, odd. tion, dance; participant, accom-See rarity. Ant., full-time. plice, partner. See sociality, party, n. organization (see party); part. social gathering, festivity, recep-PARTY Body of persons Nouns—1, party, faction, side; denomination, commu...

  • Page 588

    passable [ 578 ] passion sage, motion, past. passage, n. channel (see passage); passable, adj. navigable, traversa-voyage, journey; excerpt, phrase, ble; allowable, acceptable, tolera-movement, etc.; enactment, pass-ble; passing fair, good enough. ing; lapse. See progression, See imperfection, me...

  • Page 589

    passionate [ 579 ] past passionate, adj. impassioned, vehe-inactivity, inertness; nonresis-ment; irascible. See feeling, ex-tance, quiescence; indifference; citability, irascibility. Ant., neutrality, sluggishness, submis-disinterested, passive, dispassion-sion. See resignation. ate. passkey, n. ...

  • Page 590

    paste [ 580 ] patient Sandburg), The past is a foreign country: they do things differently there (L. P. Hartley), I believe in yesterday (Lennon/McCartney), In the car-riages of the past you can’t go anywhere (Maxim Gorky), The past lies like a nightmare upon the present (Karl Marx), We live in...

  • Page 591

    patina [ 581 ] pax vobiscum See leniency, submission. Ant., impatient. patina, n. verdigris, aerugo; polish, shine, finish; covering, coat[ing], veneer. See layer. patio, n. courtyard, enclosure, court, atrium; yard; terrace, piazza, ve-randah. See enclosure. patois, n. dialect, jargon, vernacul...

  • Page 592

    pay [ 582 ] peace you. See departure, sociality. worthwhile. —n. wages, salary; pay, v. compensate; discharge, pay payment, compensation. See pay-off; render, offer; be profitable, ment, success, offer. yield [a profit], show a profit, be PAYMENT Act of paying Nouns—1, payment, defrayment;...

  • Page 593

    peaceful [ 583 ] pellet peaceful, adj. peaceable; quiet, tran-quil; amicable. See repose, paci-fication, friend. Ant., warlike, agitated. peak, n. summit, top, apex, pinna-cle; point, crag; crest, height; cli-max. See sharpness. peaked, adj. wan, worn, pale, hag-gard, tired, weary, fatigued; ail...

  • Page 594

    pellmell [ 584 ] penis arms, rotundity. pellmell, adv. madly, frantically; helter-skelter, every which way (inf.); hurry-scurry, breakneck, headlong, lickety-split (sl.). See disorder. pelt, n. fur, hide, skin, peltry. See covering. —v. bombard, pepper, stone, strike; drive, beat; hurl, throw, ...

  • Page 595

    penitence [ 585 ] perceptive PENITENCE Contrition Nouns—1, penitence, contrition, compunction, repentance, remorse, regret. 2, self-reproach, self-reproof, self-accusation, self-condemnation, self-hu-miliation; pangs, qualms, prickings, twinge, or voice of conscience; awak-ened conscience. 3, a...

  • Page 596

    perch [ 586 ] perform See knowledge, intelligence, perdition, n. destruction, down-intuition, sensibility. fall, ruin, loss, fall. See failure. perch, n. rest, roost, nest, seat. —v.i. peremptory, adj. commanding, ar-poise, place, roost, settle, alight, bitrary, tyrannical, dogmatic; com-sit. S...

  • Page 597

    performance [ 587 ] permanence fill, achieve, discharge; act, ren-der, do; operate, work, conduct. See action, agency, comple-tion, drama, music. performance, n. action, represen-tation, achievement; rendition, ex-ecution, touch; efficiency. See ef-fect, drama. performing arts, n. music, drama,...

  • Page 598

    permanent [ 588 ] perpetuity good, forever. Slang, until hell freezes over. Quotations—Men are mortal; but ideas are immortal (Walter Lippman), What’s done cannot be undone (Shakespeare). Antonyms, see change. permanent, adj. lasting (see per-(inf.), set. See beauty. manance). Ant., temporary...

  • Page 599

    perplex [ 589 ] perspective sia; incessance, continuity, durability, perpetuation, preservation. See stability. Verbs—last or endure forever, have no end, never end or die; perpetuate, eternalize, eternize, immortalize, continue, preserve. Adjectives—perpetual, everlasting, unceasing, endless...

  • Page 600

    perspicacity [ 590 ] petition comprehension, point of view, judgment; remove, distance; context, orientation, insight. See expectation, color, appear-ance. perspicacity, n. discernment, dis-crimination, acuteness, keenness; shrewdness; penetration, insight, acumen. See intelligence. perspicuity, ...

  • Page 601

    petrify [ 591 ] photography petrify, v.t. calcify, turn to stone, la-pidify, fossilize; stun, astonish; stupefy, shock; stiffen, harden, paralyze. See density, hard-ness, fear, inorganic matter. petroleum, n. oil. See fuel. petticoat, n. slip, chemise, under-skirt, crinoline, camisole, bal-moral,...

  • Page 602

    phrase [ 592 ] picaresque motion-picture photography; photoengraving. See motion pictures, en -graving, representation. 2, photograph, snapshot, picture, micrograph, tintype, ferrotype, pho -togram, hologram, collodion, calotype; X-ray, radiogram, radiography, skiagram; [photo]print, contact prin...

  • Page 603

    picayune [ 593 ] piety description. picayune, adj. trifling (see unim-portance). pick, n. best, cream, flower, elite, choice; selection; pickax. See sharpness. —v.t. select, choose; pluck, garner, gather; cull. See goodness, approbation. picket, n. post, pale, fence; sentry, guard, sentinel, ...

  • Page 604

    pig [ 594 ] pilot Verbs—1, be pious, have faith, believe, venerate, revere; be converted. 2, sanctify, beatify, canonize, inspire, hallow, bless, consecrate, enshrine, keep holy; convert, edify, redeem, save, regenerate. Adjectives—pious, religious, devout, devoted, reverent, godly, humble, p...

  • Page 605

    pimp [ 595 ] piteous pimp, n. procurer, solicitor, pan-derer, tout, hustler (inf.), cadet (sl.), fancy man (sl.); white slaver; whoremonger; maquereau. See evildoer. pimple, n. pustule, boil, gathering, papule, pock, blackhead; blemish. See disease, convexity. pin, n. peg, spoke, dowel; fastener,...

  • Page 606

    pitfall [ 596 ] place pitiable, pathetic; wretched, mis-pitiful, adj. compassionate (see erable. See pain, pity. pity); deplorable, disreputable, pitfall, n. trap, snare, gin, pit; rocks, pitiable, wretched; lamentable, [coral] reefs, snags; [quick] sands, piteous, paltry. See badness, slippery g...

  • Page 607

    placid [ 597 ] plan cumstance, arrangement. placid, adj. serene, unruffled; calm, cool, collected; gentle, peaceful, quiet, undisturbed. See inex-citability. Ant., stormy. plagiarize, v.t. pirate, infringe on, copy, transcribe, pick one’s brains, crib (inf.), lift (inf.); imi-tate, simulate, a...

  • Page 608

    plane [ 598 ] plausible out, blueprint, lay down a plan; shape, mark, or set a course; [pre]concert, preestablish, prepare; study, calculate, formulate, work out, envision, con-template, cogitate, digest, mature, resolve, intend, destine, provide, take steps or measures; [re]cast, systematize, or...

  • Page 609

    play [ 599 ] pleasure fiable, defensible. See possibility. Ant., implausible. play, n. sport, frolic, fun, amuse-ment, game, recreation; drama, comedy, tragedy; scope, free-dom, latitude, sweep, range. —v. operate, wield, ply; act, perform; compete; pluck, bow, strike, beat; move, caper, gambo...

  • Page 610

    pleat [ 600 ] plenty 6, (person who seeks or gives pleasure) playboy, playgirl, voluptuary, sen-sualist, pleasure seeker, sybarite, epicure[an], hedonist; Doctor Feelgood. Slang, good-time Charlie or girl, sport, cutup. Verbs—1, feel pleasure, be pleased, take pleasure in; revel, rejoice, or de...

  • Page 611

    pleonasm [ 601 ] plutocrat scarcity, paucity. pleonasm, n. redundance, verbosity, diffuseness, tautology, super-fluity, circumlocution, wordiness. plethora, n. superabundance (see sufficiency). Ant., paucity. pliable, adj. plastic, ductile, mal-leable; flexible, supple, limber, yielding; docil...

  • Page 612

    ply [ 602 ] poetry ply, v.t. exert, urge, attack, apply; placket. See concavity, recep-play, work; use, exercise, manip-tacle. —v.t. appropriate, take, ulate, wield. See exertion. —n. steal. See stealing. See layer. pocketbook, n. purse, wallet; poach, v. steal, thieve, filch, pilfer; [hand]...

  • Page 613

    pogrom [ 603 ] polish leaves to a tree, it had better not come at all (John Keats). Antonyms, see writing, description. pogrom, n. killing, massacre, car-nage, butchery, slaughter, geno-cide, hecatomb, mass murder; persecution. poignant, adj. painful, pungent, in-tense, piercing, sharp, keen, bit...

  • Page 614

    polite [ 604 ] populace smoothness, elegance, orna-ment, friction. polite, adj. mannerly, civil, courte-ous, gracious; gallant, courtly, polished, well-bred, refined. See courtesy, fashion. Ant., impo-lite, surly. politic, adj. discreet, expedient, art-ful, strategic; prudent, wise, judi-cious; ...

  • Page 615

    popular [ 605 ] porous and file, the ruck, folk, proletariat, plebs, great unwashed, silent majority; the common touch. See humanity, vulgarity, servant. 2, (crowd) mob, rabble, rout, hoi polloi, the many-headed monster; horde, canaille; dregs; scum of society or the earth; tag, rag and bobtail,...

  • Page 616

    porridge [ 606 ] possession meable, loose, pervious. See opening. Ant., impermeable. porridge, n. pottage, stew, soup; gruel, mush, cereal, samp, pap, burgoo; stirabout, hasty pudding, pease porridge. See food. port, n. refuge, harbor, shelter, haven; opening, embrasure, port-hole; appearance, be...

  • Page 617

    possibility [ 607 ] possibility bird in hand; nine points of the law. Informal, dibs. 2, (possession passed on) dower, dowry, dot; jointure, appanage; inheri -tance, heritage; patrimony; alimony; legacy (see giving). 3, (belongings) assets, belongings, means, resources, circumstances; wealth, mon...

  • Page 618

    post [ 608 ] posterity contingent, probably, likely; in the running; latent. Informal, liable, earthly. Adverbs—possibly, by possibility; perhaps, perchance, peradventure; it may be, maybe, haply, mayhap; if [humanly] possible, [wind and] weather per-mitting, everything being equal, as luck may...

  • Page 619

    posthaste [ 609 ] poverty terity ever done for me? (Groucho Marx). Antonyms, see ancestry. posthaste, adv. speedily, hastily, at top speed, apace, expeditiously, swiftly. See rashness, velocity, haste. Ant., slowly, at one’s leisure. posthumous, adj. post-obit, post-mortem; late; postponed, del...

  • Page 620

    powderiness [ 610 ] powderiness fare mother; underclass, dangerous class, honest poor. Informal, street person. Slang, cracker, jim crow, latch, reliefer, bag lady or man, grate people, skell, mole people, zero-parent children, squeegee kid, driftwood, musher, bindle stiff, bum, hobo, tramp, vagr...

  • Page 621

    power [ 611 ] powwow gate; scrape, file, abrade, rub down, grind, grate, rasp, pound, contuse, beat, crush, crunch, crumble; rust, shatter, disintegrate. Adjectives—powdery, pulverulent, granular, ground, mealy, floury, farina-ceous, branny, furfuraceous, flocculent, dusty, sandy; arenose, a...

  • Page 622

    pox [ 612 ] precedence man; informal, conversation, discussion. See sorcery. pox, n. smallpox, chicken pox, cow pox, variola, varicella, vaccinia; papules, maculas, vesicles, pus-tules; acne, eruption, breaking out; pocks, pockmarks; curse (see imprecation). See disease. practicable, adj. possibl...

  • Page 623

    precept [ 613 ] predicate formal. prequel. Verbs—1, precede; come before, come first, antecede; introduce, usher in; set the fashion; take or have precedence; [out]rank; place before, prefix, premise, prelude, preface. 2, forerun; go before, go ahead, go in the van, go in advance; pioneer, he...

  • Page 624

    prediction [ 614 ] prefer PREDICTION Foretelling the future Nouns—1, prediction, announcement; premonition, warning; prophecy, vaticination, prognosis, prognostication, premonstration; augury, augura-tion; foreboding, presentiment, premonition, presage; ominousness; aus-pices, forecast; omen, h...

  • Page 625

    preference [ 615 ] preparation preference, n. choice, pick, desire, taste, liking, druthers (inf.). See precedence. preferment, n. promotion, advance-ment. See improvement. prefigure, v.t. presage (see predic-tion); imagine, envisage. See imagination. pregnable, adj. vulnerable, assail-able. See...

  • Page 626

    preponderance [ 616 ] preschool ple, paradigm; test, copy, design; drug, potion, etc. 7, preparer, trainer, teacher; pioneer, pathfinder, trailblazer; forerunner, advanceman. Verbs—1, prepare; get or make ready; make preparations, settle preliminar-ies, get up, predispose; set or put in order...

  • Page 627

    prescribe [ 617 ] present kindergarten; playschool, day recipe; mandate, decree, edict. nursery, crèche. See school. See remedy, command, habit. prescribe, v. urge, suggest, advise; presence, n. attendance (see pres-order, advocate, decree; appoint, ence); vicinity, immediacy (see institute; ord...

  • Page 628

    presentable [ 618 ] preservation date, latter-day, present-day, modern, contemporary, topical. Adverbs—1, at this time, at this moment, immediately (see instantaneity); at the present time, at present, now; at this time of day, today, nowadays; already, even now, but now, just now, as of now; o...

  • Page 629

    preside [ 619 ] prey Thoreau), Endure, and preserve yourselves for better things (Virgil). Antonyms, see waste, deterioration. preside, v.i. supervise, superintend, control, rule, direct, manage; chair, head. See authority. president, n. head, chairperson, dean, principal, chief, ruler, prexy (sl...

  • Page 630

    price [ 620 ] pride PRICE Something demanded in exchange Nouns—1, price, amount, cost, expense, prime cost, charge, figure, demand; fare, hire, bill, tab, rental; overhead, carrying charge or cost; rent charge, rackrent, quitrent; expenditure, outlay (see payment). Slang, damage[s], score, bad...

  • Page 631

    priest, priestess [ 621 ] primal conceit, self-complacency, self-exaltation, self-glorification, self-satisfac- tion, self-importance, self-admiration, self-love, amour-propre. Slang, swelled head, ego trip, vanity plate. 3, (national pride) patriotism, nationalism, civic or national pride; loy...

  • Page 632

    primary [ 622 ] printing mary. See beginning, cause. primary, adj. chief, original, initial, primal, first, elementary; immedi-ate; primitive, prime, principal. See beginning, cause, impor-tance. Ant., secondary. primate, n. chief, leader, head, mas-ter; bishop, archbishop, metropol-itan, dioces...

  • Page 633

    priority [ 623 ] priority Helvetica, Janson, Old English, Optima, Palatino, Times Roman, Univers, oldstyle, modern, etc. type, dingbat; print; slug. 3, (printing impression) impression, proof, galley, galley proof, dummy, page proof, repro[duction] proof, revise, run, rerun; plate, replate, clic...

  • Page 634

    prismatic [ 624 ] prison prismatic, adj. prismal; sparkling, like. See variegation, color. coruscant, colorful, chromatic; Ant., monochromatic. kaleidoscopic; spectral, rainbow-PRISON Place of confinement Nouns—1, prison, penitentiary; maximum, medium, or minimum security prison, jail, lockup,...

  • Page 635

    prissy [ 625 ] probity prissy, adj., informal, priggish, prim; sissified, effeminate. See female. pristine, adj. prime, first, dawnlike, primordial; fresh, dewy, pure, vir-ginal, unspoiled. See beginning, oldness. Ant., used, old. private, adj. personal, secluded, in-timate, sequestered; privy,...

  • Page 636

    problem [ 626 ] proctor on, steadfast, incorruptible, above suspicion. Informal, on the up and up, fair and square. 3, conscientious; disinterested, right-minded; high-principled, high- minded; scrupulous, religious, strict; nice, punctilious, correct, punctual; respectable, reputable, gentleman...

  • Page 637

    procure [ 627 ] profess procure, v.t. acquire, purchase, get, astonishing. See wonder. obtain; buy, hire; effect. See prodigy, n. phenomenon; wonder, cause. marvel, miracle; monster; curios-procurer, procuress, n. pander, ity, sight, spectacle; precocious bawd, pimp; obtainer. See evil-child, chi...

  • Page 638

    profession [ 628 ] progression admit. See affirmation, false-hood. profession, n. vocation, calling, occupation; sham, evasion, pre-tense; affectation, pretension; re-lief; acknowledgment, declaration, avowal. See affirmation, busi-ness. professor, n. academician, teacher, instructor, scholar, ...

  • Page 639

    progressive [ 629 ] prologue progress depends on the unreasonable man (G. B. Shaw), That’s one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind (Neil Armstrong), Is it progress if a cannibal uses a fork? (Stanislaw J. Lec). Antonyms, see regression. progressive, adj. enterprising, ad-continuo...

  • Page 640

    prolong [ 630 ] prompt prolong, v.t. extend, protract, hold; jutting; influential, distinguished, sustain, perpetuate, continue; eminent; conspicuous, noticeable. lengthen. See length, durabil-See convexity, importance, re-ity. Ant., shorten. pute, elevation, visibility. Ant., promenade, n. mall...

  • Page 641

    prompter [ 631 ] proportion alert, quick, active; instant, instan-taneous; reasonable, early. See earliness. Ant., dilatory. prompter, n. reminder; note, tickler, cue card, TelePrompTer; prompt-book. See memory. promulgate, v.t. publish, dissemi-nate, proclaim, sponsor, advocate. See publication....

  • Page 642

    proportional [ 632 ] prospector tion, size. ect, proposal, undertaking; axiom, proportional, adj. proportionate, hypothesis, theorem, postulate, commensurable, measurable. See problem, thesis, predication. See number, equality. reasoning. —v.t., slang, solicit, proportionate, adj. commensurate,...

  • Page 643

    prospectus [ 633 ] protagonist placer miner, desert rat (inf.), prospectus, n. presentation, bro-sourdough (inf.), forty-niner (inf.). chure, catalog; description, sketch; See inorganic matter. design, scheme. See list, plan. PROSPERITY Financial success Nouns—1, prosperity, welfare, well-being...

  • Page 644

    protect [ 634 ] provision protect, v.t. defend, guard, shelter, shield, screen; preserve, save, champion, secure. See safety. protection, n. safeguard, defense, shelter, screen; championship, custody, care, guard; foil. See in-fluence, restraint, safety. protégé, protégée, n. ward, charge; p...

  • Page 645

    provisional [ 635 ] psych recruit, find; stock, lay in, come up with; make good, replenish, fill (up); outsource. 2, make provision for, take measures for, prepare or plan for; store,have in store, have in reserve; keep [handy or at hand]; have to fall back on, save for a rainy day. 3, provide...

  • Page 646

    psyche [ 636 ] publication pare, prime, pump up. See prep-aration. psyche, n. soul, pneuma, anima; self-personality, spirit, inner be-ing, essence, essential nature, id, ego, and superego; intellect. psychiatrist, n. mental or mind doc-tor, [psycho]analyst or -therapist, alienist, psychiater (arc...

  • Page 647

    publicity [ 637 ] pump nate; issue; bandy about; bruit abroad; drag into the open; raise a hue and cry; spread the word or the Gospel; put on the wire; wash one’s dirty linen in public; make a scene; wear one’s heart on one’s sleeve; get around or about, go the rounds. 3, report; proclaim, ...

  • Page 648

    pun [ 638 ] punishment pun, n. wordplay, paronomasia, punctual, adj. prompt, regular, pre-pundigrion, calembour, equi-cise, punctilious; periodical; early, voque; quip, joke, double entendre; timely. See earliness, regular-paragram. See wit, similarity. ity. punch, v.t. strike, hit, poke, beat, p...

  • Page 649

    punk [ 639 ] puppet discipline, infliction, trial; judgment, penalty; retribution; thunderbolt, nemesis; requital, retaliation; penology. See pain, killing. 2, (modes of punishment) capital punishment, execution, electrocution, hanging, gassing, firing squad, decapitation, crucifixion, lynchin...

  • Page 650

    puppy [ 640 ] purity representation, amusement, youth. servant. purblind, adj. obtuse, dull, stupid; puppy, n. pup, whelp, cub, mole-eyed. See vision. youngling; child, tad, etc. See PURCHASE Act of buying Nouns—1, purchase, buying, emption; purchasing power; bargain (see cheapness); installmen...

  • Page 651

    purlieus [ 641 ] pursuit tion; strain, sieve. See cleanness. 2, refinery; cleanser, clarifier, defecator, etc.; filter, sieve, colander, strainer, screen. Verbs—purify, make pure, free from impurity, decrassify; clear, clarify, clean, wash, cleanse; rectify; refine, purge, defecate, depura...

  • Page 652

    purvey [ 642 ] quake purvey, v.t. deliver, yield, hand, give; provide, furnish, cater, pro-vision. purview, n. scope, extent, range (see distance). pus, n. matter, suppuration, puru-lence. See uncleanness. push, n. nudge, thrust, shove; pres-sure, exigency; crisis, pinch; in-formal, endeavor, eff...

  • Page 653

    qualification [ 643 ] quantity qualification, n. modification, re-striction (see qualification); ability, repute, skill. QUALIFICATION Act of limiting Nouns—qualification, limitation, modification, restriction, coloring, leaven-ing; allowance, consideration, extenuating circumstances; con...

  • Page 654

    quantum [ 644 ] quick Quotations—It is our national joy to mistake for the first-rate, the fecund rate (Dorothy Parker). Antonyms, see unity. quantum, n. quantity, amount; substance, mass; particle, photon, phonon, magneton, light quan-tum, energy. See apportion-ment. quarantine, n. detention,...

  • Page 655

    quicken [ 645 ] rabble prompt, alert; ready, unhesitating; hasty, irascible; sensitive, keen; alive, living, sentient. See veloc-ity, activity, feeling, irasci-bility, intelligence. Ant., slow, sluggish. quicken, v.t. revive, refresh, arouse, animate; hasten, speed, accelerate. See velocity, agen...

  • Page 656

    rabblerouser [ 646 ] ragged mob, canaille, riffraff, scum. See assemblage. rabblerouser, n. demagogue, agita-tor, troublemaker. See cause. rabid, adj. mad, furious; fanatical, overzealous. See feeling, ex-citement, excitability. rabies, n. hydrophobia, lyssa; foam-ing at the mouth. See disease, i...

  • Page 657

    raid [ 647 ] rancor terdemalion, ragamuffin; dog-eared. See deterioration, di-vestment. raid, n. attack, invasion, onset, in-cursion; foray. See stealing. — v.t. attack, invade; pounce upon. rail, v. rant, scold, chide; inveigh, carry on, harangue. See disappro-bation. railing, n. fence, barri...

  • Page 658

    random [ 648 ] rarity levolence, hatred. Ant., good-will, love. random, adj. haphazard, casual, chance, fortuitous, aimless. Ant., planned, expected, foreseen. randy, adj. vulgar, bawdy; slang, lascivious, horny (sl.). See vul-garity, desire. range, n. row, series, chain; scope, extent; habitat; ...

  • Page 659

    rascal [ 649 ] rat Adverbs—rarely, infrequently, etc.; seldom, scarcely or hardly ever; once in a [great] while, once in a blue moon; now and then or again, from time to time, at times; once and for all. Quotations—A well-written life is almost as rare as a well-spent one (Thomas Carlyle), A ...

  • Page 660

    rate [ 650 ] reactionary See evildoer. —v.i., slang, be-tray, inform, spill the beans, squeal (sl.); desert, bolt, sell out. See information, improbity. rate, n. ratio, percent, degree, pro-portion; rank, class; price, value; velocity. See judgment. rather, adv. somewhat, passably, preferably, ...

  • Page 661

    reactor [ 651 ] rear reactor, n. nuclear reactor or pile, atom smasher; breeder. See power. read, v. peruse, con; interpret, deci-pher, predict; pronounce; study; teach, admonish. See interpre-tation. reader, n. peruser; critic; elocutionist; proofreader; lecturer, prelector; textbook, anthology....

  • Page 662

    reason [ 652 ] rebound Adverbs—behind, in the rear, in the background, behind one’s back, back to back, backward, rearward, rearmost; after, aft, abaft, astern, aback. Prepositions—[in] back of, behind. Antonyms, see front. reason, n. sanity, intellect, com-fair, moderate; rational, logical...

  • Page 663

    rebuff [ 653 ] receiving elasticity. rebuff, n. snub, slight, cut; repulse, rout, check. See failure. —v.t. repel, repulse; snub, cut, slight, high-hat (sl.), cold-shoulder (sl.). See rejection, repulsion. rebuild, v.t. re-create, refashion, re-form, restore. See restoration. rebuke, n. reproof...

  • Page 664

    recent [ 654 ] receptacle recent, adj. late, new, fresh, modern; former, erstwhile, onetime. See newly come, just arrived or in; newness, past. Ant., distant. RECEPTACLE Container Nouns—1, receptacle, recipient, receiver; compartment, cell, follicle, hole, corner, niche, recess, nook, crypt, bo...

  • Page 665

    reception [ 655 ] recipe ber; stateroom; gallery, pew, box; boudoir, sanctum, bedroom, dormitory, refectory, playroom, nursery, schoolroom, library, study, studio; bath -room, lavatory, smoking room, den, lounge; rumpus room. See abode. 12, (storage room) attic, loft, garret; cellar, basement, va...

  • Page 666

    recipient [ 656 ] recondite tions, directions, method, pre-scription, ingredients. See maxim, rule, remedy. recipient, n. See receiving. reciprocal, adj. mutual, comple-mentary, interchangeable, alterna-tive, correlative. See relation, interchange. reciprocation, n. repayment, inter-change, excha...

  • Page 667

    recondition [ 657 ] record teric, cryptic. See concealment. sion. recondition, v.t. repair, renew, over-reconsider, v. reexamine, review, haul, renovate, restore, regenerate, think over or again, change one’s rejuvenate. See restoration. mind, tergiversate. See thought, reconnaissance, n. surve...

  • Page 668

    recount [ 658 ] red-hot protect the writer (Dean Acheson), Poetry is the record of the best and happiest moments of the happiest and best minds (Percy Bysshe Shelley), Writing may be either the record of a deed or a deed. It is nobler when it is a deed (Henry David Thoreau), Nothing has really ha...

  • Page 669

    redneck [ 659 ] reform redneck, n. rowdy, ruffian, lout. See vulgarity. redo, v.t. repeat, revise, redecorate, etc. See restoration. redolent, adj. fragrant, odorous, aro-matic, perfumed; heady, musky; reminiscent, remindful, having an aura (of ). See odor. redoubtable, adj. formidable. See fear...

  • Page 670

    reformation [ 660 ] refusal improve, redeem, regenerate, con-refraction, n. bending, deflection. vert. See change. —n. improve-See deviation, vision. ment, amendment, regeneration, refractory, adj. unruly, unmanage-reformation; crusade. able, obstinate, stubborn, in-reformation, n. reform, imp...

  • Page 671

    refuse [ 661 ] region 2, refused, rejected, ungranted, out of the question, not to be thought of, impossible. Adverbs—no, on no account, never, by no [manner of] means. Phrases—not for the world; no, thank you; out of the question. Informal, not a chance; not on your life; no way; nothing doi...

  • Page 672

    register [ 662 ] regret Slang, nic frog, Dutcher. e. Frenchman. Slang, frog[-eater], parleyvoo. f. German [American]. Slang, jerry, gerry, heinie, kraut[head], hun, Dutcher, flapdragon, limburger. g. Hungarian [American]. Slang, hunkie. h. [Amer-ican] Indian, Native American, Amerind[ian]; Eskim...

  • Page 673

    regroup [ 663 ] regularity 2, regretted, regrettable, deplorable, unfortunate, lamentable; culpable, blameworthy, opprobrious. Interjections—what a pity! what a shame! too bad! Slang, tough luck! Quotations—For of all sad words of tongue or pen, the saddest are these: “It might have been”...

  • Page 674

    regulate [ 664 ] rejection ordinary, typical, correct. 2, hourly, diurnal, daily, quotidian, tertian, weekly, biweekly, fortnightly, monthly, yearly; annual, biennial, triennial, centennial; secular, paschal, lenten; menstrual, catamenial. Adverbs—regularly, normally, periodically, constantly,...

  • Page 675

    rejoicing [ 665 ] relation question, impossible; unaccepted, unloved, unwelcome, discarded, cast-away, excluded, jilted; rejective, repudiative. Antonyms, see approbation, choice. REJOICING Feeling of joy Nouns—1, rejoicing, exultation, triumph, jubilation, joy, revelry, reveling, merrymaking, ...

  • Page 676

    relative [ 666 ] relegate sisterhood; parentage, paternity, maternity (see ancestry); alliance, ho -mogeneity, association, fraternization, approximation, affiliation, interest, relevancy; propinquity; comparison, ratio, proportion, link, tie, bond of union. See interchange, degree. 2, kin, kinf...

  • Page 677

    relent [ 667 ] religion relent, v.i. soften, yield, submit. See reliance, n. dependence, trust, confi-softness, pity. dence, faith, credence. See be-relentless, adj. pitiless, merciless, lief. implacable, remorseless; inex-relic, n. memento, souvenir, keep-orable, indefatigable. See reso-sake, t...

  • Page 678

    religion [ 668 ] religion Mennonite, Methodism, Metropolitan [Community] Church, Millenial Church, Shakers, Moravians, New Light Presbyterianism, New Thought, Puritans, Reformed Church, Rosicrucians, Russellites, Schwenkfelders, Scientology, Seventh Day Adventists, Transcendentalism, Unitarianism...

  • Page 679

    relinquishment [ 669 ] remainder without science is blind (Albert Einstein), To die for a religion is easier than to live it absolutely (Jorge Luis Borges), One religion is as true as an-other (Robert Burton), Religion is an illusion, and it derives its strength from the fact that it falls in wit...

  • Page 680

    remand [ 670 ] remedy cheese parings, orts, residuum, dregs, lees, grounds, silt, sediment, slag, refuse, chaff, stubble, fag end, ruins, wreck, butt, rump, carcass, skeleton, stump, alluvium, deposit; precipitate; dross, cinder, ash, clinker. Informal, shank. Slang, cremains. See uncleanness. 2,...

  • Page 681

    remedy [ 671 ] remedy 3, (general remedy) physic, palliative, medicine, medication, simples, drug, potion, draught, draft, dose, pill, caplet, capsule, troche, lozenge, bo-lus, tincture, medicament. 4, (unproved remedy) nostrum, receipt, recipe, prescription; panacea, sov-ereign remedy, cure[-all...

  • Page 682

    remedy [ 672 ] remedy ogy, homeopathy, hydrotherapy, hypnotherapy, immunology, lomilomi, massage therapy, mental hygiene, midwifery, myotherapy, naturopathy, neonatology, nephrology, neurology, neurosurgery, obstetrics, oncology, ophthalmology, optometry, oral surgery, orthodontics, orthopedics, ...

  • Page 683

    remember [ 673 ] renovate is the cure of all diseases (Thomas Browne), If a lot of cures are suggested for a disease, it means that the disease is incurable (Anton Chekhov), God heals and the doctor takes the fees (Benjamin Franklin), Natural forces within us are the true healers of disease (Hipp...

  • Page 684

    renown [ 674 ] repetition renown, n. repute, fame, reputa-tion, glory, distinction, kudos. rent, n. tear, slit, fissure; split, divi-sion, rupture, schism; payment, return, rental. See interval. reorganize, v.t. resystematize, re-model, reform, rehabilitate, reestablish. See change, res-toration...

  • Page 685

    repine [ 675 ] repose Phrases—lightning never strikes twice in the same place; history repeats it-self; opportunity never knocks twice [at any man’s door]. Quotations—Man is a history-making creature who can neither repeat his past nor leave it behind (W. H. Auden), There are only two or th...

  • Page 686

    repository [ 676 ] representation turn in, go to sleep, sleep, slumber, sleep a wink; snore; put to bed; hiber-nate; oversleep; sleep like a top or log; doze, drowse, snooze, nap; dream; snore; nod, yawn. Informal, drop off. Slang, saw wood, count sheep, conk out, flop, sack out or in, hit the h...

  • Page 687

    representative [ 677 ] reproduction 4, (statue) figure, puppet, marionette, doll, figurine, action figure, manikin, model, dummy, waxwork, bust, statue, statuette, figurehead, ef-figy. See sculpture. 5, map, plan, chart, graph, ground plan, blueprint, projection, elevation; diagram, cartogra...

  • Page 688

    reprove [ 678 ] repulsion somatotropin, growth hormone, GH, prolactin. 3, fecundity, fertility; pregnancy, delicate condition; multiplication; fertil -ization; pseudopregnancy, false pregnancy. Informal, family or familiar way. 4, reconstruction, representation, imitation, offprint, illustration....

  • Page 689

    repute [ 679 ] repute ward, beat, fend, fight, or drive off; fling or throw back; chase, dispel, scatter, rout, disperse. 2, rebuff, reject, refuse, discard, snub, spurn, kick aside; keep at arm’s length, turn one’s back upon, give the cold shoulder to. Informal, cold shoulder. Slang, free...

  • Page 690

    request [ 680 ] requisition (Daniel Boorstin), A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches (Bible), The purest treasure mortal times afford is spotless reputation (Shakespeare), Reputation, like a face, is the symbol of its possessor and creator, and another can use it only as a mask (Le...

  • Page 691

    requite [ 681 ] resentment requite, v.t. retaliate, avenge; repay, save; recover, reclaim. See liber-indemnify, make amends, reward. ation. See retaliation, gratitude. research, n. inquiry, investigation, rescind, v.t. revoke, repeal, recall, study, exploration. abrogate, annul. See nullifica-re...

  • Page 692

    reservation [ 682 ] resistance having nothing nearly as much as too little (Ivy Compton-Burnett). Antonyms, see gratitude. reservation, n. exception, qualifi-cation, misgiving; booking, en-gagement. See commission. reserve, n. restriction, qualification; restraint, caution, reticence, dig-nity;...

  • Page 693

    resolution [ 683 ] resolution durance, fastness, immunity, immovability; repulsion, refusal; imped -ance; friction. See unwillingness, durability. 2, strike, turnout, lockout, walkout, job action, [work] stoppage; tie-up, slowdown, work-to-rule; boycott; sit-down strike, passive resistance, [civi...

  • Page 694

    resolve [ 684 ] respect obstinate, steady, persevering, steadfast. Informal, together. Adverbs—resolutely, in earnest, seriously, earnestly, heart and soul, at any risk, at any price, cost what it may, all or nothing, rain or shine, sink or swim, come hell or high water, through thick and thin....

  • Page 695

    respectable [ 685 ] restless tion, obsequiousness, salaam, kowtow, bow, salute. See religion. 3, respects, regards (see courtesy); duty, devoirs; feather in one’s cap. Verbs—1, respect, regard, admire, consider; think a great deal, a lot, or much of, revere, reverence, hold in reverence, hono...

  • Page 696

    restoration [ 686 ] restraint RESTORATION Bringing back to a former state Nouns—1, restoration, reinstatement, replacement, rehabilitation, reestab-lishment, reconstruction, renovation, renewal, revival, refreshment, re-suscitation, reanimation, revivification, second wind or breath; reorganiz...

  • Page 697

    restrict [ 687 ] retaliation 3, arrest, custody, keep, care, charge, ward, protection. 4, bond[s], irons, chains, pinions, gyves, fetters, shackles, manacles, hand-cuffs, bracelets; straitjacket; seat, shoulder, or lap belt, car seat, air bag, passive restraint; muzzle, gag, yoke, collar, halter,...

  • Page 698

    retard [ 688 ] retention the biter bit, comeuppance, just deserts. Slang, the hair of the dog [that bit one]. See punishment. 2, (retaliation for a wrong) revenge, vengeance, avengement; vendetta, feud, grudge fight; an eye for an eye, a Roland for an Oliver, quid pro quo, a dose of one’s own ...

  • Page 699

    reticence [ 689 ] revelry close, have a firm hold on, have in stock; keep on; entail, tie up, settle. 2, remember, recall, recollect, bear in mind (see memory). Adjectives—retentive, retaining, keeping, holding, prehensile; unforfeited, undeprived, undisposed, incommunicable, uncommunicated, i...

  • Page 700

    revenge [ 690 ] revoke amusement, rejoicing. reverie, n. daydream, musing, fancy, revenge, n.&v. See retaliation. brown study, woolgathering. See revenue, n. income, receipts; earn-imagination, inattention. ings, profits, net, yield, dividends; reversal, n. setback; turnabout, tit-taxes, tar...

  • Page 701

    revolt [ 691 ] rhapsody revolt, n. uprising, rebellion, insur-loathsome, repulsive. See un-gence, insurrection, mutiny, sedi-cleanness. tion; demonstration. See disobe-revolution, n. uprising (see revolu-dience, revolution. tion); rotation; cycle. See cir-revolting, adj. disgusting, repellent, cu...

  • Page 702

    rhetoric [ 692 ] ridicule transport, rapture; effusion, trib-ute, eulogy, panegyric, lyricism. See pleasure, poetry. rhetoric, n. oratory, eloquence, elo-cution, declamation, floridity. See speech. rheumatism, n. inflammation, ache; rheumatoid arthritis, sciatica, gout, bursitis, lumbago, backa...

  • Page 703

    ridiculous [ 693 ] rightness Adjectives—derisive, derisory, mock; sarcastic, cutting, facetious; ironical, quizzical, burlesque, satirical, scurrilous, base. Quotations—He jests at scars that never felt a wound (Shakespeare), There is nothing so ridiculous but some philosopher has said it (Ci...

  • Page 704

    righteous [ 694 ] rise fit[ting], meet, seemly, reasonable, suitable, becoming; decorous, cred-itable; allowable, lawful, legal, legitimate, licit, in the right. 2, right, correct, proper, precise, exact, accurate, true. Slang, right on, on the nose. Adverbs—rightly, justly, fairly, correctly;...

  • Page 705

    risible [ 695 ] riveting get up; prosper; revolt, rebel. —n. See cheerfulness, absurdity. ascent; acclivity, slope; origin, risk, v.t. chance, venture, hazard, source; appreciation, increase; gamble, jeopardize; invest. See promotion, advancement; revolt; danger, rashness. slang, reaction. See ...

  • Page 706

    road [ 696 ] roof road, n. way, path, track, passage, highway, roadway, thoroughfare, trail; anchorage. See abode. roam, v.i. wander, range, ramble, rove, stray, stroll. See deviation, travel. roar, v.i. shout, bellow, howl, bawl; resound, roll, rumble, thunder; guffaw. —n. uproar, vociferation...

  • Page 707

    rook [ 697 ] rotation rooftree; top, summit. See abode, height. rook, v. cheat, fleece (see steal-ing). rookie, n., slang, beginner, novice, greenhorn, tenderfoot. See begin-ning. room, n. chamber, hall, apartment; space, capacity, elbow room; lodging. receptacle, abode. —v. lodge, put up (see...

  • Page 708

    rote [ 698 ] roughness rote, n. —by rote, by memory, rupt, dishonest; offensive, disgust-memorized. ing. See uncleanness, deterio-rotten, adj. decomposed, putrefied, ration, badness. putrid; unsound, treacherous; cor-ROTUNDITY Rounded-out quality Nouns—1, rotundity, roundness, cylindricity, ...

  • Page 709

    round [ 699 ] rubber tion, nodosity, nodulation, hairiness, arborescence, tooth, grain, texture, ripple. 2, (hairlike roughness) brush, hair, beard, shag, mane, whiskers; plumage, plumosity, bristle, plume, crest, feather, tuft, fringe; hair shirt. 3, (soft roughness) plush, corduroy, nap, pile,...

  • Page 710

    rubberneck [ 700 ] rule boot, wader, hipboot; rubber band; session, game, series. See materials, clothing, elastic-ity. rubberneck, n., slang, sightseer, busybody. See curiosity, vision. rubbish, n. trash, waste, debris, lit-ter, junk. See uselessness. rubble, n. rubbish, litter, trash, ref-use, ...

  • Page 711

    ruler [ 701 ] rupture methodical, according to rule; customary, conformable, natural, habitual, normal. 2, conventional, formalistic, rigid, legalistic, ceremonious. See conform-ity. Adverbs—by the rule, by the book; as a rule; normally, usually. Phrases—the exception proves the rule; there i...

  • Page 712

    rural [ 702 ] sacred writings rural, adj. rustic, provincial, coun-trified, bucolic, pastoral, arcadian, agrarian. See agriculture, pop-ulace. ruse, n. trick, stratagem, artifice, wile, subterfuge. See cunning. rush, v. hurry, scurry, dash, speed, gush, surge; hasten, expedite, pre-cipitate, ur...

  • Page 713

    sacrifice [ 703 ] safety Ramayana, Tantra. f. (Buddhism) Pali Canon, Tripitaka: Abhidhamma Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Vinaya Pitaka; Dhammapada, Jataka. g. (Sikhism) Adigranth, Granth. h. (Confucianism) Analects; Five Classics: I Ching, Book of Rites, Book of History, Book of Songs, Spring and Autumn...

  • Page 714

    safety [ 704 ] safety safe conduct; confidence (see hope). 2, (protection) guardianship, wardship, wardenship; tutelage, [protective] custody, safekeeping; preservation, protection, auspices, egis. 3, protector, guardian; keeper, warden, warder; preserver, custodian; duenna, chaperon; escort, co...

  • Page 715

    sag [ 705 ] sale sure the man who shoots him gets caught (Norman Mailer), The police-man’s lot is not a happy one (W. S. Gilbert). Antonyms, see danger. sag, v. droop, buckle, warp, curve; slouch, slump; weaken, wilt; de-cline, languish; lapse, fall off. See obliquity, pendency, curva-ture. sag...

  • Page 716

    salient [ 706 ] salute dime, army-navy store, mart, bodega, variety store, market, emporium, commissary, company store, convenience store, galleria, bazaar, fair, booth, kiosk; vending machine; package store (see drinking); surplus store, thrift shop, bargain basement, factory outlet, discount ho...

  • Page 717

    salvage [ 707 ] sanity dip colors. See courtesy, con-gratulation, respect. salvage, n. salvation, rescue, retrieval, recovery, reclamation; flotsam, jet-sam. —v.t. rescue, save, recover, re-trieve, redeem, reclaim, rehabili-tate; snatch from the jaws of death. See restoration, liberation. salv...

  • Page 718

    sans souci [ 708 ] sausage formal, all there or here, hitting on all cylinders. Adverbs—sanely, reasonably, etc.; in reason, within reason. Quotations—Sanity is very rare (Emerson), Sanity is madness put to good uses (George Santayana), Sanity is like a clearing in the jungle where the humans...

  • Page 719

    sauté [ 709 ] scandalize hot dog, (inf.), wienie (inf.), Wurst, kielbasa, salami, pepper-oni; liverwurst, bratwurst, etc. See food. sauté, v.t. pan-fry, sear, blacken, brown (see food). savage, adj. wild, untamed, uncivi-lized, uncultivated; barbarous, fe-rocious, fierce, feral, cruel, rude; ...

  • Page 720

    scant [ 710 ] school appall, outrage. See disapproba-tion, wrong. scant, adj. scanty, limited, meager, inadequate, sparse. See insuffi-ciency. Ant., plenteous. scapegoat, n. goat, whipping boy; butt, tool, victim, dupe. See sub-stitution. scar, n. blemish, flaw, cicatrix, pock; scab, crust; pre...

  • Page 721

    school [ 711 ] school wash, seminary, yeshiva, lyceum, lycée, école, palestra; institute, institu-tion, institution of [higher] learning or education; child care; gymnasium; class, semester; [groves of] academe, ivy halls or tower; accreditation. 2, (types of schools) day, boarding, primary, el...

  • Page 722

    schooling [ 712 ] scrawl schooling, n. education, learning. science, n. knowledge, skill,effi-ciency, technology. scientific, adj. systematic, accurate, exact, sound. See knowledge. scintillate, v. glisten, twinkle, sparkle, glitter, coruscate, shine; be charming or witty, effervesce, turn on t...

  • Page 723

    scrawny [ 713 ] sculpture scrawny, adj. underweight, puny, rawboned, bony, meager, lean. See narrowness. Ant., plump, overweight. scream, v.i. shriek, screech, shrill, yell, cry. See loudness. screen, n. partition, curtain, shield, mask, protection, shelter; netting, mesh; sieve, sifter, bolter; ...

  • Page 724

    scum [ 714 ] seasickness ing, dead stone, alabaster, soapstone; terra-cotta, clay; ceramics, ceramic ware, pottery, porcelain, china, earthenware; acrylic resin, Plasticine; bronze, electrum, niello; damascene. b. boucharde, chisel, file, gouge, gra-dine, hammer, lathe, mallet, peen, pick, point...

  • Page 725

    season [ 715 ] secondhand pathia; nausea, queasiness, qualm. seasoning, n. relish, condiment, fla-See disease. vor[ing]. See taste. season, n. period, time, spell, inter-seat, n. chair, bench, howdah, etc. val. —v.t. harden, acclimate, ha-(see furniture); site, location, bituate, inure, accust...

  • Page 726

    second nature [ 716 ] section nal. See oldness. Ant., brand-first-rate, best. new, unused. second sight, clairvoyance (see pre-second nature, n. habit. diction) second-rate, adj. inferior, lesser, second thought, n. reconsideration, secondary, next best; mediocre, afterthought, change of mind. s...

  • Page 727

    sector [ 717 ] sedentary division; segment, part, portion, mundane, worldly, earthly. See ir-cross section; book, chapter; land, religion, laity. Ant., religious, subdivision, sector, region; sub-sacred. division, subgenus, group, class. secure, adj. safe; firm, stable; cer-—v.t. disjoin, divi...

  • Page 728

    sediment [ 718 ] self-governing tivity. sediment, n. alluvium, silt, settlings, precipitate, lees, dregs, heeltap. See remainder, uncleanness. sedition, n. incitement, insurgence, disloyalty. See disobedience. seduce, v.t. lead astray, lure, entice, corrupt, inveigle; debauch, betray. See impurit...

  • Page 729

    self-indulgent [ 719 ] send independent, sovereign. See au-selfish, sensual, voluptuous, un-thority. bridled, sybaritic. See selfish-self-indulgent, adj. unrestrained, ness. SELFISHNESS Devotion to oneself Nouns—1, selfishness, self-indulgence, self-interest; egotism, egoism; van-ity; nepoti...

  • Page 730

    send-off [ 720 ] sensual send-off, n. farewell, good-bye; out-sensation, n. feeling, perception, set, beginning. See departure. consciousness, impression; furor. send-up, n., slang, parody, ridi-See sensibility. cule. sensational, adj. melodramatic, senility, n. dotage, second child-thrilling, st...

  • Page 731

    sensualist [ 721 ] serendipity salacious, lewd; sybaritic, epi-curean. See intemperance, pleasure. sensualist, n. voluptuary; epicure; libertine. See intemperance, pleasure. sensuous, adj. sensitive, aesthetic, hedonistic; emotional, pleasura-ble. See sensibility, pleasure. sentence, n. statement...

  • Page 732

    serene [ 722 ] servant luck; discovery, fortuity. serene, adj. calm, placid, tranquil, unperturbed; clear, unclouded. See inexcitability, content. Ant., agitated, ruffled. serf, n. bondman, esne, villein, vas-sal; peasant. See servant, popu-lace, subjection. Ant., lord, master. sergeant, n. nonc...

  • Page 733

    serve [ 723 ] set ploy, on the payroll; at one’s call (see obedience); in bondage; unliber-ated. Quotations—Modern science was largely conceived of as an answer to the servant problem (Fran Lebowitz), The one point on which all women are in furious secret rebellion against the existing law is...

  • Page 734

    setback [ 724 ] severity See coherence, direction, party, assemblage, class, form, drama. setback, n. backslide; relapse, re-verse, reversion, regression; de-feat, loss, upset, check, discour-agement. settee, n. seat, settle, bench, form, sofa, lounge. See support. setting, n. background, backdro...

  • Page 735

    sew [ 725 ] sex straitlaced, searching, unsparing, hard-fisted, ironhanded, peremptory, high-handed, absolute, positive, imperative; hard-and-fast, coercive, puri-tanical, dictatorial, tyrannical, extortionate, grinding, withering, oppres-sive, inquisitorial; inclement, ruthless, cruel, grueling...

  • Page 736

    sex [ 726 ] sex fuck. c. missionary position, matrimonial position. Slang, dog-style. d. or-gasm, climax, clitoral or vaginal orgasm, ejaculation; wet dream. e. sex-ual deviation, perversion, crime against nature, deviance, unnatural act; sadism, algolagnia, bestiality, bondage, child abuse, copr...

  • Page 737

    sexism [ 727 ] shady 5, be homosexual, bisexual, or heterosexual; be transsexual, crossdress. Slang, go or swing both ways; come out. Adjectives—1, sensual, erogenous, erotogenic, carnal, erotic, racy, raunchy, obscene, risqué, [sexually] explicit, sexually oriented, steamy, scabrous, lascivio...

  • Page 738

    shaft [ 728 ] shanty shaft, n. arrow, spear; beam, ray; shudder, flutter, vibrate. See agi-handle; bar, axle; thill; column, tation, excitement, fear, os-pillar; well, pit. See arms, depth, cillation, weakness. support. shakedown, n., slang, extortion (see shaggy, adj. nappy, fuzzy, wooly; steal...

  • Page 739

    shape [ 729 ] sharpness shape, n. form, figure, contour; pat-tion, allot, assign, mete; partake, tern, mold; state, condition. participate. See apportionment. shapeless, adj. amorphous, vague, shark, n. dogfish, hammerhead, etc.; ill-defined; disorganized; mis-sharper, swindler; slang, expert....

  • Page 740

    sharpshooter [ 730 ] shift sharpshooter, n. marksman or -woman, crack shot; sniper. See combatant, arms. shatter, v. splinter, shiver, smash, disintegrate; destroy; madden, craze; crash, shatter. See brittle-ness, disjunction, insanity, destruction. shave, v.t. pare, plane, crop; skim, graze; che...

  • Page 741

    shiftless [ 731 ] ship cunning. shin, n. shinbone, tibia, shank, leg. shiftless, adj. lazy, indolent, improv-See part. —v. climb, creep up, ident, thriftless, negligent. See in-clamber, scale, shinny (inf.); kick. activity, unpreparedness. See ascent. shifty, adj. unreliable, tricky; cun-shindi...

  • Page 742

    shipment [ 732 ] shocking rope, mainsheet; mast, aftermast, foremast, boom, pole, bibb, jib, sprit, genoa, crosstree, yard, yardarm; beam; keep; deck, quarterdeck, forecas-tle, fo’c’sle; spar, bowsprit; alleyway, hatchway, booby hatch, gangplank, gangway; anchor, bower, fluke, hook, barb, sh...

  • Page 743

    shoddy [ 733 ] shortness shoddy, adj. inferior, low-grade, shabby; tawdry, gimcrack; sham, vulgar, common; low, mean, igno-ble. See vulgarity. Ant., high-grade, superior. shoe, n. footwear; footgear; sandal, espadrille, boot, loafer, casual, sneaker; runner, [tire] casing; [brake] lining. See clo...

  • Page 744

    shortsighted [ 734 ] show-off Informal, vertically challenged. Adverbs—shortly, in short; for short, concisely, in brief, in fine, in a nutshell, in a word, in a few words; to come to the point, to make a long story short, to be brief; abruptly. Phrases—brevity is the soul of wit; less is mo...

  • Page 745

    showpiece [ 735 ] sickly showpiece, n. [display] model, para-digm, classic. See perfection, superiority. show up, v.t. appear, arrive; eclipse, overshadow, put to shame. See ap-pearance, superiority. showy, adj. conspicuous, colorful; ornate, florid, flashy, gaudy, pre-tentious, ostentatious, i...

  • Page 746

    side [ 736 ] sign pale, washed out, faint; mawkish, side, n. surface, flank; aspect, point nauseating. See disease, weak-of view. See side, right, left, ness, colorlessness. Ant., party. —v.i. ally oneself (with) healthy. (see aid). SIDE Terminal surface Nouns—side, flank, quarter, lee, lee...

  • Page 747

    signal [ 737 ] silence symptom, token, mark; symbol, emblem; gesture, signal; trace, vestige; signboard, shingle; guide-post. See indication, direction. signal, n. sign, watchword, cue; alarm, warning, direction, order; traffic light, beacon, foghorn, wigwag; trace, vestige. See indi-cation. —...

  • Page 748

    silhouette [ 738 ] simmer Keats), Drawing on my fine command of language, I said nothing (Robert Benchley), Do you wish people to believe good of you? Don’t speak (Pas-cal), God is the friend of silence (Mother Teresa), Try as we may to make a silence, we cannot (John Cage). Antonyms, see soun...

  • Page 749

    Simon Legree [ 739 ] since Simon Legree, n. slave driver, mar-simple, adj. elementary, uncompli-tinet (see severity). cated; plain, common; unassum-simony, n. See impiety. ing, humble, unaffected; pure, ab-simpatico, adj. congenial, amiable. solute; gullible, silly. See See sociality. simpleness,...

  • Page 750

    sincere [ 740 ] situation reasoning. sincere, adj. honest, genuine; ingen-uous, forthright, unreserved, can-did; cordial, hearty, earnest. See truth, feeling, probity. Ant., insincere, feigned. sinecure, n. easy job, snap, cinch, gravy (sl.). See facility. sine qua non, Lat., [pre]requisite, nece...

  • Page 751

    size [ 741 ] skid SIZE Ample dimensions Nouns—1, size, magnitude, dimension, bulk, volume; largeness, great-ness; expanse, space; extent, scope (see degree); amplitude; mass, density; proportions, measurement; capacity, tonnage, caliber; corpu-lence, obesity, plumpness, fatness, embonpoint, avo...

  • Page 752

    skill [ 742 ] skill downfall, bankruptcy. —v. slide, debt, poverty. —skid row, [side]slip, spin; swerve; grip, slum, tenderloin, Bowery. See brake, lock. See descent, side, poverty. SKILL Expertness Nouns—1, skill, skillfulness, address; dexterity, dexterousness; adroitness, expertise, pro...

  • Page 753

    skillet [ 743 ] slap skillet, n. frying pan, frypan, spider; saucepan, casserole. See recep-tacle. skim, v. scum; strain, cream, sepa-rate; scan, thumb through; glide, skip, skid, graze, brush, touch. See velocity. skimp, v. scrimp, stinge, stint; econ-omize. See economy, neglect. Ant., spend, sq...

  • Page 754

    slapdash [ 744 ] slight slapdash, adj. precipitate, hasty, careless, hit or miss; superficial, sketchy, rough, hack, sloppy. See haste. Ant., careful, methodical. slaphappy, adj., slang, dazed, groggy; silly, foolish. See insan-ity, inattention. slapstick, n. buffoonery, farce, bur-lesque. See a...

  • Page 755

    slim [ 745 ] slowness unimportance. —v.t. ignore, cut, snub, rebuff; scamp, neglect, disdain. —n. snub, rebuff, cut. See contempt. slim, adj. slender, thin, slight; frail, weak, meager. See narrowness. slime, n. ooze, mire, sludge, mud, muck; primordial slime; filth. See uncleanness. sling, ...

  • Page 756

    sludge [ 746 ] sly ening; delay, lateness; walk, stroll, saunter, snail’s pace, jog-trot, dog -trot; slow motion, slowdown. Informal, slowup. 2, dullness, flatness, monotony, boredom. See weariness. 3, laggard, lingerer, loiterer, sluggard, tortoise, plodder; snail; dawdler. Slang, slowpoke. V...

  • Page 757

    smack [ 747 ] smoothness concealment. Ant., artless. smack, n. clap, whack, slap; kiss, buss; savor, tastiness, flavor, gusto, relish, taste. See impulse, endearment. —v. slap, strike, smite, whack; taste, savor; smack of, recall, call to mind. See similarity, memory. small, adj. little, tiny,...

  • Page 758

    smother [ 748 ] snitch Verbs—1, smooth, plane; file; mow, shave; level, roll; unroll, unfurl; pave; polish, rub, shine, buff, burnish, calender, glaze; varnish, wax; iron, press; lubricate; sand. 2, slip, slide, glide (see travel, descent). Adjectives—1, smooth; polished, even; level; plane,...

  • Page 759

    snivel [ 749 ] sociality snivel, v.i. snuffle, sniff, blubber; whimper, cry, weep; cower, grovel, crawl, cringe. See lamen-tation. snob, n. sycophant, toady, fawner, bounder, upstart; parvenu, social climber. See servility, vulgar-ity. Ant., aristocrat, democrat. snoop, v.i., informal, pry; inve...

  • Page 760

    socialize [ 750 ] society intercourse, community; fellowship, fraternity, companionship, cama -raderie; familiarity, intimacy; association, brotherhood; communion; gre -gariousness. See conversation, amusement. 2, (social pleasure) conviviality, good fellowship, joviality, jollity, savoir vivre, ...

  • Page 761

    sociopath [ 751 ] sojourn racy; sodality, solidarity, associa-tion, league, union, alliance; parish, congregation. See social-ity, party, fashion. sociopath, n. psychopath (see in-sanity). sock, n. [half] hose, anklet, stocking; slang, slug, punch, clout, wallop, jab. —v.t., slang, strike, slug...

  • Page 762

    solace [ 752 ] something solace, n. comfort, consolation, re-lief. —v.t. soothe, calm, comfort; cheer, console; assuage, mitigate. solder, v. spelter, fuse, braze, weld; bond, cement, mend. See junc-tion, coherence, connection. soldier, n. warrior, fighting man. See combatant. soldierly, adj. ...

  • Page 763

    sometimes [ 753 ] sorcery thing; matter, part; affair, event. See substance. sometimes, adv. occasionally, now and then. See occasion, fre-quency. somewhat, adv. to some extent, to a degree, partially. See qualifica-tion. somewhere, adv. someplace; any-where, somewhere about; approx-imately. See...

  • Page 764

    sordid [ 754 ] sound mojo, toby, periapt, phylactery, philter; fetish, agnus Dei; esbat. Slang, lucky dog, water notre dame, gris-gris. 4, (tools of sorcery) wand, caduceus, rod, divining rod, magic lamp or ring, wishing cap, Fortunatus’ cap, magic carpet; philosophers’ stone; hoodoo animal, ...

  • Page 765

    sound [ 755 ] sour tion, health, stability. Ant., fathom, plumb, measure; probe; unsound, unhealthy, illogical, in-investigate, examine; utter; inves-solvent. —n. inlet, channel, bay, tigate. See depth, inquiry. gulf; noise (see sound). —v. SOUND Vibrations sensed by the ear Nouns—1, sound,...

  • Page 766

    source [ 756 ] space touchy. See sourness, irascibil-source, n. cause, origin, fountain-ity, unsavoriness. Ant., sweet, head, fount, derivation. See be-good-humored. ginning. SOURNESS Acid taste Nouns—1, sourness, acid[ity], acerbity, acridity, astringency, tartness, ran-cidness, unsavoriness. ...

  • Page 767

    space-age [ 757 ] spawn sun, in every quarter, in all quarters, in all lands; here, there, and every-where; from pole to pole, from end to end; on the face of the earth, in the wide world, from all points of the compass, to the four winds, to the ut-termost parts of the earth; infinitely, ad in...

  • Page 768

    speak [ 758 ] specify give birth to, engender. —n. eggs, person, orator, spokesman; loud- roe, ova; products, handiwork; speaker, reproducer. See speech, offspring, scions, progeny, brood. authority. See posterity, reproduction. spear, n. lance, pike, javelin, blade; speak, v. talk, converse; l...

  • Page 769

    specimen [ 759 ] speech enumerate, indicate, stipulate, de-fine, state, itemize, detail; order, request. See speciality, indica-tion, description, qualifica-tion. specimen, n. sample, example, rep-resentative, instance, pattern, taster. See conformity. specious, adj. plausible, ostensible, appa...

  • Page 770

    speechless [ 760 ] spellbound Verbs—1, speak, talk, speak of; say, utter, pronounce, deliver, comment, re-mark, recite, voice, give utterance to, vocalize; breathe, let fall, come out with; rap out, blurt out; chatter, open one’s mouth; lift or raise one’s voice; speak one’s mind; state, ...

  • Page 771

    spend [ 761 ] splash spend, v.t. disburse, pay out, ex-pend; consume, exhaust; pass, employ. See ejection, waste. spendthrift, n. wastrel, prodigal, profligate, squanderer. See waste. spent, adj. used up, exhausted, fa-tigued, dead-tired, fagged; effete, worn-out, impotent. See weari-ness. sperm...

  • Page 772

    splay [ 762 ] sports ness, ostentation. splay, v. spread out, fan out, diverge. See expansion. spleen, n. resentment, wrath, choler; anger, malice, spite, malevolence. splendid, adj. gorgeous, magnificent; heroic, glorious; resplendent; ad-mirable, grand, excellent. See beauty, repute. splice, v...

  • Page 773

    sports [ 763 ] sports golfer, etc.; benchwarmer, free agent. 3, a. baseball, national pastime; major or minor league, big league, Na-tional or American League; farm team or system; ballpark, home plate, [first, second, or third] base, infield, outfield, pitcher’s mound; battery, pitcher, cat...

  • Page 774

    sporty [ 764 ] sprawl 7, (water sports) swimming, [Australian] crawl, sidestroke, breaststroke, backstroke, dogpaddle, butterfly; scuba diving, snorkeling, deep-sea div-ing; surfing; synchronized swimming; water polo; windsurfing, sailboard-ing; canoeing, kayaking, boating, rowing, yachting; ...

  • Page 775

    spray [ 765 ] squall horizontal. spray, n. spindrift, spume, scud; fusillade, barrage; sprinkler, at-omizer; sprig. —v.t. sprinkle, at-omize; pepper, riddle (with bul-lets). See vapor, vegetable, dispersion. spread, v. scatter, strew; dissemi-nate, diffuse, circulate; cover; un-fold, stretch; p...

  • Page 776

    squalor [ 766 ] stability lence. squalor, n. dirt, filth, decay, un-cleanness, misery, poverty. See disorder. squander, v.t. waste, lavish, dissi-pate. Ant., save. square, n. tetragon, quadrilateral, equilateral rectangle; block; quad-rangle; plaza, court; T square; slang, misfit, fogy. See num...

  • Page 777

    stable [ 767 ] stall rock; firmly seated or established; deep-rooted, ineradicable; inveterate; stuck fast, aground, high and dry, stranded. See obstinacy. 2, unchangeable, immutable; unaltered, unalterable; changeless, constant, permanent; invariable, undeviating; durable, perennial. 3, conserv...

  • Page 778

    stallion [ 768 ] stare stallion, n. stud[horse], entire stamina, n. staying power, hardi-[horse]. See animal. ness, force, vigor; vitality, stalwart, adj. strong, brawny, strength; grit, pluck, backbone; husky; dauntless, steadfast. See endurance, durability, resilience. strength, size. STAMMERIN...

  • Page 779

    stark [ 769 ] stay out. See vision, curiosity. stark, adj. sheer, downright; rigid; desolate, naked. See completion, hardness, divestment. starry, adj. spangled, stellar, stel-late, star-studded; starlit; shiny, glittering. See universe. start, v. begin, commence, set out; jerk, jump, shy; loosen...

  • Page 780

    steadfast [ 770 ] stealing port, brace; appease; outlast; constant, unvarying, uniform; reg-linger, tarry, remain; endure, last; ular, habitual; trustworthy. See dwell, sojourn; stick, stay put; stability, regularity. Ant., un-continue. See hindrance, pres-steady, unstable. ence, abode, permanenc...

  • Page 781

    stealth [ 771 ] stew money or your life! Slang, break yourself! Phrases—the rich rob the poor, and the poor rob each other; set a thief to catch a thief; rob Peter to pay Paul. Quotations—Opportunity makes a thief (Francis Bacon), Once in the racket you’re always in it (Al Capone), Crime is...

  • Page 782

    steward [ 772 ] stock agitation, dither, sweat, tizzy. See food, difficulty, excitement. steward, n. agent, manager, trustee; provider, caterer; servant, waiter. See store, difficulty. stick, v.t. stab, puncture, prick; put, place, thrust; glue; transfix, im-pale; informal, puzzle, stump. See ...

  • Page 783

    stockade [ 773 ] store quantity. stockade, n. palisade, palings, en-closure; wall, barrier, barricade, fort, fortification; pen, compound, prison. stockpile, n. reserve, store; hoard, cache; materials, surplus. stocky, adj. thickset, sturdy, chunky, squat. See shortness. Ant., lanky. stodgy, adj...

  • Page 784

    store [ 774 ] straightness house, cache, repository, magazine, arsenal, armory; buttery, larder, pantry, closet; garage; stockpile; bank, vault, safe-deposit box, treasury, piggy bank; museum, gallery, conservatory; silo, grain elevator, granary; menagerie; zoo; reservoir, tank, cistern, pond, mi...

  • Page 785

    strain [ 775 ] stream 2, straightedge, ruler, yardstick; T square, carpenter’s square; straight-away; chalk line; straightener, hot comb. Verbs—be straight, not turn, not bend, etc.; go straight, steer for, aim for, head for (see direction); sit up, straighten, rectify, set straight; line, al...

  • Page 786

    streamer [ 776 ] strength issue; pour out, forth, or down; trolley, street railway. See trans- flow, run, rush; shed; blow, extent, portation, vehicle. run across or along; drift, tend; street person, n. informal, homeless jet, spurt, gush. See water, mo-person, bag lady or man; vagrant, tion, w...

  • Page 787

    strenuous [ 777 ] stroke weak are strong because they are reckless. The strong are weak because they have scruples (Otto von Bismarck), I am strong as a bull moose and you can use me to the limit (Theodore Roosevelt). Antonyms, see weakness. strenuous, adj. vigorous, energetic, dynamic; arduous, ...

  • Page 788

    stroll [ 778 ] stump See disease, touch, endear-ment. stroll, n. ramble, saunter, prome-nade, walk, constitutional (inf.). See travel, slowness. strong, adj. powerful (see strength); strong-smelling, pun-gent, piquant, etc. (see odor); in-tense, concentrated, brilliant, bright, vivid, dazzling, e...

  • Page 789

    stun [ 779 ] subjection heavy tread. See remainder, shortness. —v. confound, puz-zle, nonplus; informal, election-eer. See doubt. stun, v.t. benumb, deaden, daze, stu-pefy; dizzy; dumbfound, astound, astonish, bewilder. See insensi-bility, surprise. stunning, adj., informal, striking, lovely. S...

  • Page 790

    subjective [ 780 ] submission keep under; hold in bondage; tie to one’s apron strings. Adjectives—subject, dependent, subordinate; feudal, feudatory, in harness; subjected, enslaved, constrained, downtrodden, under the lash, led by the nose; henpecked; the puppet or plaything of; under orders...

  • Page 791

    submit [ 781 ] substance Adjectives—submissive, subdued, yielding, unresisting, tractable, compliant, dutiful, long-suffering, patient, passive, acquiescent, unassertive, manage-able, governable, docile, agreeable; obsequious, slavish, servile, fawning, deferential, defeatist, self-abasing, low...

  • Page 792

    substandard [ 782 ] subtle Quotations—Anybody who is not shocked by this subject [quantum me-chanics] has failed to understand it (Niels Bohr). Antonyms, see insubstantiality. substandard, adj. below par or av-stance); evidence, corrobo-erage, not up to snuff. See inferi-rate, verify, bear out,...

  • Page 793

    subtract [ 783 ] success struse, delicate; dainty, fragile, disruption, disorder, mutiny, re-rarefied, ethereal, unsubstantial. bellion. See revolution. See intelligence, rarity. Ant., subvert, v.i. overthrow, overturn, up-blatant, obvious. set; ruin, fell, raze. See destruc-subtract, v. deduct,...

  • Page 794

    succession [ 784 ] such overreach; outwit, outdo, outflank, outmaneuver, outgeneral, outvote; take the wind out of one’s sails; beat, rout, lick, drub, floor, best, worst, dispose of; put down, put to flight or rout, run into the ground, pin one’s ears back; shout down; bring to terms (see...

  • Page 795

    suck [ 785 ] sufficiency thus, that; very; such as, like, re-sembling. See similarity. suck, v. draw, extract, absorb, pull in, sponge up; pump; nurse, suckle; drain, leech, bleed, extort; suck in, seduce, lure; inhale. See extrac-tion, receiving. sucker, n., informal, lollipop, all-day sucker, ...

  • Page 796

    suffix [ 786 ] summer tion is death (G. B. Shaw), Too much of a good thing can be wonderful (Mae West). Antonyms, see insufficiency. suffix, n. affix, addition, ending. See addition, end. suffocate, n. smother, stifle, asphyx-iate; choke; extinguish; strangle. See killing, death. suffrage, n...

  • Page 797

    summit [ 787 ] superiority tide; high point, zenith, acme, etc. See chronometry. summit, n. top (see height); maxi-mum, climax; culminating, high, crowning, or turning point; tiptop; extremity. See perfection, supe-riority. summon, v.t. call [for], send for; cite, arraign, subpoena; convoke; rous...

  • Page 798

    superlative [ 788 ] superstition 2, supremacy, primacy, preeminence, precedence; whip or upper hand; victory, triumph (see success); championship; maximum; climax; catbird seat; culmination, summit, transcendence, transcendency, prepotence, ne plus ultra; lion’s share, excess, surplus; perfecti...

  • Page 799

    supervision [ 789 ] support See heterodoxy. supple, adj. limber, lithe, pliant, supervision, n. oversight, surveil-flexible; yielding, compliant, lance, superintendence. See au-adaptable; fawning, servile. See thority, director. softness. Ant., inflexible, rigid, supine, adj. recumbent, reclini...

  • Page 800

    supporter [ 790 ] surfeit aback, piggyback. Adverbs—astride, astraddle. Antonyms, see pendency. supporter, n. advocate, champion, supportable, adj. tolerable, bear-backer. See aid. able. See durability. SUPPOSITION Assumption Nouns—1, supposition, assumption, postulation, condition (see quali...

  • Page 801

    surge [ 791 ] surprise surge, v.i. rise, swell, billow, seethe, cap, top; scale, climb over; over-swirl; sweep, rush, stream, gush. come, conquer. See height, as-See water, assemblage. cent, success. surgeon, n. chirurgeon (archaic), surname, n. family name, cog-sawbones (sl.), medic (sl.), knife...

  • Page 802

    surreal [ 792 ] swanky times surprise a man and lay him open (Francis Bacon). Antonyms, see expectation. surreal, adj. singular, absurd, queer. See unconformity. surrender, n. capitulation, cession; relinquishment, abandonment, submission. —v. capitulate, yield, give up; cede, renounce, relinqu...

  • Page 803

    swap [ 793 ] sweetness (inf.), plush (inf.), swell (sl.), ritzy (sl.), classy (sl.). See ostenta-tion. swap, n. & v. exchange, barter. See interchange. swarm, n. group, crowd, multi-tude, horde, colony, hive. See as-semblage, sufficiency. swarthy, adj. dark, swart, dusky; dark-complexioned. ...

  • Page 804

    swell [ 794 ] syllabus cake, torte, cream puff, custard, pudding, etc.; ice cream, sherbet, frozen custard; zabaglione, gelato. See food. 3, lover of sweets. Informal, chocaholic. Verbs—sweeten, sugar[-coat], candy, mull. Adjectives—sweet, saccharine; dulcet, candied, honeyed; luscious, lush;...

  • Page 805

    sylvan [ 795 ] synchronism sylvan, adj. forest, wooded, badge, device, character, letter. wood[s]y, arboreous; rural, bu-See indication, figurative, nu-colic. See vegetation. Ant., ur-meration. ban. symbolize, v.t. represent, indicate, symbiosis, n. coexistence, coopera-signify, typify, mean, be...

  • Page 806

    syncopation [ 796 ] taciturnity Adverbs—at the same time, at or in one fell swoop, at a time, at once, at one time, simultaneously, contemporaneously, during the same time, in con-cert, together, in the same breath; at the very moment. Antonyms, see disagreement. syncopation, n. syncope; jazz, ...

  • Page 807

    tack [ 797 ] take curtness; silence, muteness, pauciloquy, laconicism; secrecy, conceal -ment. 2, man or woman of few words, mouse. Slang, oyster, clam. Verbs—be taciturn or silent, keep silence, not speak, say nothing; hold or put a bridle on one’s tongue, hold one’s peace, bottle up, seal...

  • Page 808

    takeoff [ 798 ] tape acquisition, authority. takeoff, n. liftoff; informal, imita-tion, parody, satire, burlesque, skit. See ascent. taking, n. reception, receiving; ap-propriation (see acquisition); ex-tortion, theft (see stealing). —adj. fetching, winning, endear-ing. See pleasure, beauty. ta...

  • Page 809

    taper [ 799 ] taste taper, v. narrow; come to a point; lessen, slacken, slack off, dimin-ish. —n. candle, light; pyramid, cone, spire, etc. See narrowness. tapestry, n. weaving, rug; mosaic, montage. See covering, repre-sentation. tar, n. asphalt, pitch, resin, bitumen; goo, sludge. —v. besmi...

  • Page 810

    tasteless [ 800 ] teaching 3, season, spice, garnish. Adjectives—1, in good taste; tasteful, unaffected, pure, chaste, classical, cul-tivated, refined; dainty, delicate, aesthetic, artistic; meticulous, precise, ex-act, precious; elegant; euphemistic; choosy, fussy; astute, keen; fastidious, ...

  • Page 811

    team [ 801 ] technical 3, [school]teacher, educator, educationist, [privat]docent, preceptor, trainer, instructor, master, tutor, director, coach, disciplinarian; [full, asso-ciate, or assistant] professor, lecturer, reader, prelector, prolocutor; preacher, pastor (see clergy); schoolmaster, domi...

  • Page 812

    technicality [ 802 ] temperate technicality, n. fine point, minutiae ( pl.); nuance, detail, subtlety, for-mality; law, rule, rubric; loophole, letter of the law; procedure, prob-lem. See skill. technique, n. technic, execution, style, method. technology, n. technics; knowledge, information, cra...

  • Page 813

    temperature [ 803 ] tenacity vegetarian. See moderation. tempestuous, adj. stormy, raging, temperature, n. heat, fever; cold. furious; gusty, blowy, squally; vi-See disease. olent, tumultuous, turbulent. See tempest, n. storm, gale, hurricane, wind, violence. squall, blizzard; excitement, tu-temp...

  • Page 814

    tenant [ 804 ] tenement low through or up. Informal, stick it out, muddle through, see it through, hang on for dear life, keep a stiff upper lip, keep one’s chin up. Adjectives—tenacious, cohesive, adhesive, clinging, holding, fast, resisting, strong; sticky, gummy, tacky, waxy, glutinous, vi...

  • Page 815

    tenet [ 805 ] testimonial tenet, n. dogma, belief, opinion, creed, doctrine. tenor, n. drift, purport, tendency, import, meaning, significance; gist, sense; course, manner, na-ture, mood; direction. See mu-sic. tense, adj. taut, rigid; intent; excited; high-strung, nervous, strained. See hardnes...

  • Page 816

    testimony [ 806 ] therefore reference; certificate. See record, tion, chat. approbation, evidence. tether, v.t. picket, stake, tie, fasten. testimony, n. declaration, affirma-See restraint. tion, profession, attestation; wit-text, n. composition; matter; text-ness, evidence; Scriptures. book; t...

  • Page 817

    thermal [ 807 ] thought circumstance, effect. thermal, adj. warm[ing] (see heat). thermometer, n. thermostat, py-rometer, calorimeter; mercury, glass. See measurement, heat. thermonuclear, adj. See power. thesaurus, n. treasury; repository, lexicon, dictionary. See publica-tion. thesis, n. propos...

  • Page 818

    thoughtful [ 808 ] thrall 2, (rethinking) afterthought, mature thought, reconsideration, second thought; retrospection, hindsight; memory; excogitation; examination (see inquiry); invention (see imagination). 3, (subject for thought) idea, concept, notion; opinion, conceit, belief, im-pression; p...

  • Page 819

    thrash [ 809 ] throne thrash, v.t. beat, spank, whip, flog, train (of thought). See continu-strike; defeat, overcome, conquer; ity, narrowness. thresh. See success, punish-threadbare, adj. frayed, tattered, ment. worn[-out]; jaded, weary; trite, thread, n. filament, fiber, hair; hackneyed; sca...

  • Page 820

    throng [ 810 ] tight throng, n. multitude, crowd, mob, horde; army, host. See assem-blage. throttle, v. choke, strangle, suffo-cate; silence, stifle; close. See closure, killing. through, prep. & adv. among, via, by way of; during, throughout; by, with. See direction, means. — adj. finis...

  • Page 821

    tight-fisted [ 811 ] time tight-fisted, adj. stingy, frugal, par-See agriculture. simonious, grudging, niggard[ly], tilt, v. tip, slant, incline, slope; joust. miserly, moneygrubbing, avari-—n. joust, tournament; alterca-cious, tight (inf.), cheap (inf.). See tion, dispute; speed; slant, slop...

  • Page 822

    timeless [ 812 ] tireless (Shakespeare), Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow, creeps in this petty pace from day to day (Shakespeare), Time, like an ever-rolling stream, bears all its sons away (Isaac Watts), Remember that time is money (Benjamin Franklin), Time is the great physician (Benjamin ...

  • Page 823

    tiresome [ 813 ] tongue-tied unwearied. See resolution. tiresome, adj. tedious, wearying, boring. See weariness. tissue, n. gauze, fabric, web, net, mesh; membrane, cartilage, mus-cle; tissue or crepe paper; struc-ture. See crossing, texture. tit, n. teat, nipple (see body). titillate, v.t. tickl...

  • Page 824

    tongue twister [ 814 ] toss-up tongue twister, n. see stammer-ing. tonic, adj. invigorating, bracing, re-freshing; voiced, sonant; stressed, accented. See health, remedy. —n. medicine, stimulant; quinine; key, keynote. See strength. tony, adj., informal, stylish, modish (see fashion). too, adv....

  • Page 825

    total [ 815 ] towel total, adj. complete, entire, utter, ab-See oscillation, weakness. solute, whole. —n. sum, amount, touch, v.t. feel (see touch); con-aggregate, quantity, whole. —v.t. tact; reach, equal, attain; pertain add, reckon, tot up; amount to; to, relate to; affect, move; tinge, co...

  • Page 826

    tower [ 816 ] train cleanness. tower, n. fortress, castle; skyscraper; campanile, belfry, spire. —v.i. rise, soar; loom, transcend. See defense, ascent, height, sta-bility. town, n. hamlet, burg[h], village. See abode. toxic, adj. poisonous, venomous, virulent, noxious. See disease, badness. to...

  • Page 827

    traipse [ 817 ] transfer procession, cortège; order, se-quence, sequel, succession; rail-road cars. See vehicle. —v.t. in-struct, discipline, drill; educate. See teaching, domestication, pendency, continuity, prep-aration. traipse, v. saunter, amble, stroll. See travel. trait, n. quality, char...

  • Page 828

    transfigure [ 818 ] transmission contagious, catching, infectious, communicable; metathetic[al], metastatic. Antonyms, see possession. transfigure, v.t. transform, trans-mute; exalt. See change, eleva-tion. transfix, v. pierce, fasten, impale. See opening, stability. transformation, n. change,...

  • Page 829

    transmit [ 819 ] transportation conductance; gearshift, gears, telegraph; impart, hand down; ad-torque converter. See passage, in-mit, conduct; emit, broadcast, strumentality, transfer. communicate. See transporta-transmit, v. send, transfer, con-tion. vey, forward, post, mail, wire, TRANSPARENCY...

  • Page 830

    transpose [ 820 ] travel 4, a. driver, coachman, whip, charioteer, postillion, postboy; cabdriver; engineer; chauffeur. b. rider, fare; commuter; ridership. 5, (animal that transports) beast of burden; horse, draft horse, packhorse, carthorse; ass, burro, jackass, hinny, jennet, donkey, mule; cam...

  • Page 831

    traverse [ 821 ] tray excursionist; world traveler, globe-trotter; explorer, adventurer, moun-taineer; peregrinator, wanderer, rover, straggler, rambler; bird of passage; gadabout, vagrant, tramp, vagabond, hobo, nomad, bindle-stiff, Bo-hemian, gypsy, Arab, Wandering Jew, hadji, pilgrim, palmer; ...

  • Page 832

    treachery [ 822 ] tribe treachery, n. treason, perfidy, faith-lessness, disloyalty, infidelity, fal-sity, falseness. See improbity, deception. tread, v. walk, step, pace; trample, crush; stamp, tramp; dance. See travel, motion. —tread water, stand still, make no progress. See inactivity. trea...

  • Page 833

    tribulation [ 823 ] trot cestry, class. tribulation, n. sorrow, woe; care, trouble, ordeal. See pain. tribunal, n. court; board, forum; bench, judicatory; court of justice or law, court of arbitration, inqui-sition, kangaroo court (sl.); seat of judgment or justice, bar [of jus-tice]; drumhead, c...

  • Page 834

    troubadour [ 824 ] trustee See travel, deception, disease. troubadour, n. trouvère, poet, bard, minstrel, jongleur, meistersinger, minnesinger, balladeer, street singer; laureate; serenader. See poetry, music. trouble, n. affliction, distress, mis-fortune, adversity, calamity; dis-order, unrest...

  • Page 835

    trustful [ 825 ] truth seer, supervisor. See possession. able, faithful, trusty, responsible, trustful, adj. confiding, trusting. See credible, believable; constant, credulity, belief. true, loyal. See probity, belief, trustworthy, adj. reliable, depend-certainty. TRUTH Conformity to fact Nouns...

  • Page 836

    try [ 826 ] turn also a truth (Thomas Mann). Antonyms, see error, falsehood. try, v. essay, endeavor, attempt, un-dertake; test, examine, assay, ex-periment; refine, purify, afflict, beset; strain, tax; judge, hear. See lawsuit, exertion, use, under-taking. trying, adj. dull, wearisome, boring;...

  • Page 837

    turnabout [ 827 ] typical ture, occasion, deviation, sourness, regularity. —turn down, v. reject, repudiate. See re-jection. —turning point, n. cri-sis, crunch, moment of truth. See importance. —turn on, v. de-pend or be contingent on; infor-mal, arouse, stir up; slang, get high, get a buzz...

  • Page 838

    typify [ 828 ] ultimatum conformity, indication. tyro, n. beginner, novice, amateur, typify, v. symbolize, exemplify, em-learner. See learning. body, represent; prefigure. See in-dication, conformity. U tyranny, n. despotism, autocracy, ubiquitous, adj. ubiquitary, om-totalitarianism; severity, ...

  • Page 839

    ultra [ 829 ] unavoidable ment, exaction. See command, offer. ultra, adj. radical, extreme; superla-tive, excessive. See superiority. ululate, v.i. howl, wail, cry, hoot, bark, mewl, mew, meow, bellow, moo, roar, caterwaul. umbrage, n. resentment, offense, dudgeon, huff; foliage, shade (see obscu...

  • Page 840

    unaware [ 830 ] uncleanness unaware, adj. unwary, unwarned; oblivious, ignorant. See igno-rance. unbalanced, adj. unpoised, lop-sided, out of kilter; unhinged, de-ranged, off one’s rocker (sl.). See insanity, inequality. unbearable, adj. unendurable, intol-erable, insufferable, odious. See pain...

  • Page 841

    unclouded [ 831 ] uncommon 3, (remainder) dross, scoria; ashes, cinders, clinkers, scum, froth; swill, hogwash; ditchwater, dishwater, bilgewater; rinsings, offscourings, sweepings; scurvy, scurviness, scurf[iness]; dandruff, tartar. Slang, dreck. See remainder. 4, (grimy substance) dirt, filth,...

  • Page 842

    uncommunicative [ 832 ] unconformity uncommunicative, adj. taciturn, severity. reticent; secretive. See tacitur-unconcerned, adj. indifferent, unin-nity, secret. terested, disinterested, detached, uncomplicated, adj. simple, aloof; unmoved, uncurious. See straightforward. See simpleness. insensib...

  • Page 843

    unconquerable [ 833 ] underdog Adverbs—unconformably; except, unless, save, barring, beside, without, let alone; however, yet, but; against the grain or the hair. Quotations—Whoso would be a man must be a nonconformist (Ralph Waldo Emerson). Antonyms, see conformity. unconquerable, adj. indom...

  • Page 844

    underestimation [ 834 ] understudy UNDERESTIMATION Estimation of too low a value Nouns—underestimation, underrating, undervaluing, etc.; depreciation, making light of. See detraction, misjudgment, contempt. Verbs—underestimate, underrate, undervalue, underreckon; depreciate, dis-parage, detra...

  • Page 845

    undertaker [ 835 ] undivided undertaker, n. funeral director, mortician; sexton; embalmer. See interment. UNDERTAKING Project Nouns—1, undertaking; compact, engagement, promise; enterprise, em-prise, project; endeavor, venture, pilgrimage, adventure; matter in hand, business; move, first move,...

  • Page 846

    undo [ 836 ] unfasten undo, v.t. loose, unlock, unfasten, untie, release; annul, reverse, can-cel, neutralize; spoil, destroy, ruin. See disjunction, destruction. undoing, n. downfall, defeat, ruin, reversal. See failure. undoubted, adj. undisputed, etc. (see doubt); accepted, sure, as-sured, cer...

  • Page 847

    unfathomable [ 837 ] unguarded unbind, unfix, unpin; liberate. See disjunction. unfathomable, adj. fathomless, bot-tomless, unplumbed, unsounded; unintelligible, inexplicable, in-comprehensible. See depth, in-finity, unintelligibility. unfavorable, adj. adverse, disadvan-tageous, inauspicious, ...

  • Page 848

    unhand [ 838 ] unimportance See danger, inattention. ceivable. See unconformity, im-unhand, v.t. let go, release. See re-possibility. linquishment. unhinge, v.t. unsettle, derange, un-unhappy, adj. unlucky, unfortunate; balance, craze. See insanity. sad, sorrowful, wretched, miser-unholy, adj. un...

  • Page 849

    uninhabited [ 839 ] uninhibited world; bosh; small matter, no great matter, trifling matter; mere joke, mere nothing; hardly or scarcely anything; no great shakes; child’s play; small beer or potatoes. 3, (something of little value) toy, plaything, gimcrack, gewgaw, bauble, trinket, bagatelle,...

  • Page 850

    unintelligibility [ 840 ] unity UNINTELLIGIBILITY Incoherence Nouns—1, unintelligibility, incoherence; obscurity, ambiguity; uncer-tainty, intricacy, perplexity; confusion, disorder; mystification. 2, paradox, enigma, poser, mystery, riddle [of the Sphinx], [Chinese] puz-zle (see secret); seal...

  • Page 851

    universal [ 841 ] universe individual, person, entity, none else, no other; detail, particular; item, ob-ject, thing, article, whole, ensemble. Verbs—be one or alone, isolate, unite, unify, join, merge, mix, blend, fuse, weld, cement, consolidate, solidify; marry, wed; reconcile, harmonize, at-...

  • Page 852

    university [ 842 ] unlock satellite: Callisto, Europa, Ganymede, Io; Jovian satellites; Ariel, Ceres, Charon, Deimos, Miranda, Nereid, Oberon, Phobos, Titan, Titania, Triton, Umbriel; planetoid, asteroid, satellite; moon, Luna, man in the moon, new moon, half moon, crescent, first, etc., quarter...

  • Page 853

    unloved [ 843 ] unnatural gage, undo; open; release, un-governable, refractory. See obsti -cover, solve (a mystery, etc.). See nacy, difficulty. liberation, answer. unmanly, adj. cowardly; ignoble; unloved, adj. loveless, jilted, effeminate. See cowardice, fe-spurned. See hate. male. unlucky, ad...

  • Page 854

    unnecessary [ 844 ] unpreparedness lence, unconformity. unnecessary, adj. useless, needless, inessential, superfluous, dispensa-ble. See uselessness. unnerve, v.t. unhinge, disconcert, frighten, rattle (inf.), give the jit-ters. See fear, impotence, ex-citability. unnumbered, adj. uncounted; cou...

  • Page 855

    unprincipled [ 845 ] unrefined gested, ill-digested, unmellowed, unseasoned, unleavened; crude, coarse, rough[cast], rough-hewn, in the rough; unhewn, unformed, unfashioned, unwrought, unpolished. 3, rudimentary, rudimental, embryonic, in ovo, vestigial, inchoate, abortive, premature; undevelope...

  • Page 856

    unrelated [ 846 ] unschooled raw, natural, native; unfastidious, uncultivated, rude, coarse, inele-gant, vulgar, common. See vul-garity, inelegance, igno-rance. unrelated, adj. unconnected; de-tached, discrete. See difference. unrelenting, adj. relentless, inex-orable, unyielding, rigorous, ob-du...

  • Page 857

    unscientific [ 847 ] unskillfulness unscientific, adj. instinctive, intu-unseasonable, adj. untimely, inop-itive, subjective; trial-and-error, portune; inapt. See inexpedi-untrue, unsound, unproved. See ence, disagreement. imagination, intuition. unseat, v.t. displace; depose. See unscramble, a...

  • Page 858

    unsociable [ 848 ] unsullied schlemiel, schlub, cheechaks, clyde, galumph, lightfoot, gimp, gink, hacker, palooka, schmendrick, waldo. Verbs—1, blunder, bungle, boggle, fumble, botch, flounder, stumble, trip, hobble; tinker, make a mess or hash of, play havoc with; make a fool of oneself; play...

  • Page 859

    unsung [ 849 ] unwieldy less, unspotted, pure, flawless, un-tarnished. See cleanness, inno-cence, purity. unsung, adj. neglected, slighted, ig-nored. See latency, neglect. unsure, adj. skeptical, uncertain; unconfident, hesitant. See uncer-tainty. unsurpassed, adj. unexcelled, in-comparable, no...

  • Page 860

    unwillingness [ 850 ] upheaval UNWILLINGNESS Indisposition Nouns—unwillingness, indisposition, disinclination, aversion, dislike; nolleity, nolition, renitence; reluctance; indocility, obstinacy, noncom-pliance, refusal; scrupulousness, fastidiousness, delicacy; scruple, qualm, demur, shrinking...

  • Page 861

    uphill [ 851 ] urn uphill, adj. ascending, rising; pre-cipitous; laborious; difficult, strenuous. See exertion, obliq-uity. uphold, v.t. maintain, sustain; cham-pion; advocate, confirm; approve, encourage. See aid, support, demonstration. upkeep, n. care, maintenance; suste-nance; overhead, exp...

  • Page 862

    use [ 852 ] uselessness USE Employment for a purpose Nouns—1, use, employ[ment]; exercise, application, appliance; adhibition, disposal; consumption; usufruct; recourse, resort, avail; utilization, serv-ice, wear; recycling; usage, function, practice, method, habit; usefulness (see utility); ex...

  • Page 863

    usher [ 853 ] utility tear down, raze, demolish, destroy; wear out; pull the fangs or teeth of, tie one’s hands, put in a straitjacket. Adjectives—1, useless, inutile, inefficacious, futile, unavailing, bootless; in-effectual, ineffective, effete; inoperative, unproductive, barren, infertile...

  • Page 864

    utmost [ 854 ] validate those who have none (Jean Jacques Rousseau), A life spent in making mistakes is not only more honorable but more useful than a life spent do-ing nothing (G. B. Shaw). Antonyms, see uselessness. utmost, adj. most, greatest, farthest, furthest; last, final; total, unlim-ite...

  • Page 865

    valise [ 855 ] vanity valise, n. traveling bag, satchel. See receptacle. valley, n. vale, river land, dale, dell, glen, canyon, hollow. See con-cavity, lowness. valor, n. courage, intrepidity, fear-lessness; prowess, heroism, gal-lantry; daring, derring-do. valuable, adj. precious, costly; wor-th...

  • Page 866

    vanquish [ 856 ] variegation of us (Paul Valéry), The highest form of vanity is love of fame (George Santayana). Antonyms, see modesty. vanquish, v.t. conquer, subdue, sub-ity, height. jugate, overcome; quell, silence; vapid, adj. flat, tasteless, insipid; worst, rout; master. See success. tame...

  • Page 867

    variety [ 857 ] vegetable der; inlay, tessellate, tattoo, damascene; vein, marble[ize], water; embroi-der, figure, braid, quilt, fret, lace, interlace. Adjectives—variegated, varied, various, diverse, diversified; many-colored or -hued, multi- or varicolored, parti- or party-colored, divers-c...

  • Page 868

    vegetable [ 858 ] vegetable cottonwood, cypress, dogwood, dungon, ebony, elder, elm, encina, euca-lyptus, fig, fir, frankincense, gardenia, ginkgo, grapefruit, guava, hum, hackberry, hawthorn, hazel, hemlock, henna, hickory, holly, hornbeam, horse chestnut, ironwood, jacaranda, juniper, kauri, ...

  • Page 869

    vegetable [ 859 ] vegetable bamboo, barley, bluegrass, bluejoint, bromegrass, broomcorn, buckwheat, bulrush, cane, chufa, corn, darnel, durra, durum wheat, eelgrass, fescue, foxtail, grama, hassock, hay, horsetail, khus-khus, lovegrass, maize, mesquite, millet, oat, paddy, papyrus, quitch, redtop...

  • Page 870

    vegetarian [ 860 ] vehicle Quotations—What is a weed? A plant whose virtues have not been discov-ered (Emerson), All gardening is landscape-painting (Alexander Pope), He that plants trees loves others beside himself (Thomas Fuller), I like trees because they seem more resigned to the way they h...

  • Page 871

    veil [ 861 ] velocity 6, space vehicle (see astronautics). 7, driver, operator, busman, cabbie, carter, coachman; engineer; [bi]cy-clist. See transportation, direction. Verbs—start, turn over; drive (see direction). Adjective—vehicular, automotive, locomotive. Quotations—The automobile chan...

  • Page 872

    velvet [ 862 ] verdict one; at top speed, on the wings of the wind; by leaps and bounds. Informal, on the double, at a fast clip, like mad, like sixty, like all possessed, like greased lightning, to beat the band, like a [blue] streak, hell for leather, like wildfire. Slang, PDQ, lickety-split, ...

  • Page 873

    verdure [ 863 ] vestibule ing, decision, opinion, decree; de-termination, conclusion; award, sentence. See lawsuit. verdure, n. grass, growth, green-ness, greenery. See vegetable. verge, n. edge, brink, rim, marge, margin; point, eve; limit. —v.i. be on the point (of); border, skirt, ap-proach,...

  • Page 874

    vestige [ 864 ] victory [way]; anteroom or -chamber, al-cove; narthex; porch, portico. See receptacle. vestige, n. trace, remainder, evi-dence, relic. vestments, n.pl. canonicals (see clothing). vestry, n. vestiary, sacristy; chapel. See council. veteran, n. old man, elder, patriarch, graybeard, ...

  • Page 875

    victuals [ 865 ] vindication prize, pennant. viewpoint, n. attitude, point of view, victuals, n.pl. See food. standpoint; outlook. See loca-video, n. television, tv. See commu-tion, belief, vision. nication. vigil, n. watch, surveillance; wake; vie, v.i. rival, emulate; contend, wakefulness. See ...

  • Page 876

    vindictive [ 866 ] violence quittal; whitewashing; extenuation; palliation, softening, mitigation. See justice. 2, reply, defense, demurrer, exception; apology, plea, pleading; excuse, extenuating circumstances; allowance, argument. Informal, alibi. 3, vindicator, apologist, justifier, defender,...

  • Page 877

    violin [ 867 ] virile mob, terrorist, agitator, agent provocateur; thug, tough, strongarm man, gunman, hooligan, hoodlum, hellcat, firebrand, hothead, hotspur, predator, ruffian, roughneck, exterminator, destroyer, berserker, aggressor; anar -chist, urban guerrilla. Slang, tommy-buster, rough t...

  • Page 878

    virtual [ 868 ] visage vigorous, potent; fully sexed. See plicit; substantial; true, veritable; strength, vigor. potential. See intrinsic. virtual, adj. practical; implied, im-VIRTUE Moral uprightness Nouns—1, virtue; virtuousness, goodness; morality; moral rectitude; in-tegrity, probity; noble...

  • Page 879

    vis-à-vis [ 869 ] vision pect, guise; puss, phiz, map (all viscous, adj. viscid; ropy, glutinous, sl.). See appearance, front. slimy; mucid; sticky, mucilagi-vis-à-vis, adv. face-to-face, tête-à-nous; oleaginous, greasy. See co-tête, facing. —prep. opposite, herence. contra, versus, again...

  • Page 880

    visionary [ 870 ] vitiate 4, (visual distortions) refraction, distortion; illusion, optical illusion, mi-rage, phantasm, specter, apparition; reflection, mirror, image. 5, (visual viewpoint) point of view, viewpoint; vantage point; stance; ob-servatory; gazebo, loophole, crow’s nest; belvedere...

  • Page 881

    vitreous [ 871 ] voluptuous vitreous, adj. glassy, crystalline, vit-riform; brittle, hard; transparent, translucent. See transparency, brittleness. vituperate, v.t. vilify, abuse, revile; reproach, inveigh (against), re-buke, scold, upbraid; objurgate, tongue-lash. See detraction, disapprobation....

  • Page 882

    vomit [ 872 ] vulgarity fleshy, sexy (sl.), meretricious; epicurean, worldly. See plea-sure, intemperance. vomit, v.t. throw up, disgorge; belch, spew, eject. See ejection. voodoo, n. wanga, obeah, fetishism, witchcraft, black magic; witch doctor, shamanist, medicine man, sorcerer. See sorcery. ...

  • Page 883

    vulnerable [ 873 ] wall cian: a horrible voice, bad breeding, and a vulgar manner (Aristophanes). Antonyms, see taste. vulnerable, adj. open (to attack); weak, defenseless, assailable, sus-ceptible. See danger, weakness. vulpine, adj. foxlike; foxy, crafty, vulture, n. predator, scavenger; con-do...

  • Page 884

    wallet [ 874 ] warfare fense; barrier; fence; cliff, precipice; levee, dike, seawall; (pl.) prison. See enclosure, hindrance, vertical, circum-scription. wallet, n. purse, pocketbook, bill-fold; bag, pouch, sack, moneybag; pack, knapsack. See receptacle. wallop, v. thrash, beat, strike, punch, hi...

  • Page 885

    warfare [ 875 ] warfare trolled war; world or global war, total war; war to end war; revolutionary war, revolution, religious war, crusade; underground warfare; guerrilla warfare; peace offensive, violent peace; chemical, biological, spasm, germ, or bacteriological warfare; trench warfare, war of...

  • Page 886

    warhorse [ 876 ] warning Gaulle), Sometime they’ll give a war and nobody will come (Carl Sand-burg), Older men declare war. But it is youth who must fight and die (Her-bert Hoover), Mankind must put an end to war or war will put an end to mankind (J. F. Kennedy), History is littered with the w...

  • Page 887

    warp [ 877 ] waste warp, v. twist, bend, serve, distort; bias, prejudice; pervert, deviate; incline. See distortion. —n. bias; deflection, tendency; torsion, twist, malformation. See devia-tion. warpath, n. —on the warpath, belli-cose; wrathful. See irascibility, contention. warrant, n. warr...

  • Page 888

    wasteland [ 878 ] water those who aren’t respectable live beyond other people’s (Saki), Half the money I spend on advertising is wasted, and the trouble is, I don’t know which half (John Wanamaker), Each generation wastes a little more of the future with greed and lust for riches (Don Marqu...

  • Page 889

    watercourse [ 879 ] wax shower, drizzle; rainstorm, monsoon, rainy season; deluge, flood, inunda -tion, spate, torrent, cataclysm. 4, (water current) wave, billow, surge, swell, ripple, rollers, surf, breakers, heavy sea; undercurrent, eddy, vortex, whirlpool, maelstrom; waterspout; jet, spurt, ...

  • Page 890

    way [ 880 ] weakness men, oil. way, n. passage, road, route, path, roadway, highway, channel, street, avenue; journey, progression, transit; trend, tendency; approach, access, gateway; method, man-ner, mode, style, fashion; space, interval, stretch, distance; usage, custom, habit, practice, wont;...

  • Page 891

    wealth [ 881 ] weariness poorly, unhealthy, unsound; weakened, enfeebled, etc.; strengthless, im-potent, defenseless; anemic, asthenic, atonic, cachectic, hyposthenic, ady-namic, bloodless, short-winded; out of shape; faltering, doddering, droop-ing, etc.; unsteady, shaken, palsied, laid low, wea...

  • Page 892

    weasel [ 882 ] weep tire to death; send or put to sleep; wear thin, frazzle, exhaust; run ragged, burn out; weigh down; harp on, dwell on. Slang, do in. 2, be weary of, never hear the last of; be tired of; gasp, pant; yawn. Infor -mal, peter out. Slang, climb the wall, be fed to the gills or teet...

  • Page 893

    weigh [ 883 ] welt wail, sob, blubber; mourn, grieve; rain, flow, drip. See lamenta-tion. weigh, v. measure (weight); lift, heft; balance, scale, counterbal-ance; examine, ponder, consider, mull over, estimate; tell, count; weigh down, be heavy, drag, load, press; oppress, burden, depress; overb...

  • Page 894

    welter [ 884 ] whether welter, n. confusion, turmoil; jum-ble, hodgepodge, mishmash; ruck, masses; ferment. —v.i. wallow. See depression, rotation, agi-tation. wench, n. girl, maiden, lass[ie], ser-vant; maid; slut, slattern, tart, trol-lop, harlot, broad (sl.), piece (sl.). See impurity, femal...

  • Page 895

    whiff [ 885 ] who whiff, n. puff, waft, blast; inhalation. See odor, wind. while, conj. during, as long as, whilst, whereas; although. —while away, v. pass the time, kill time. See time. whim, n. caprice, fancy, desire,va-gary; notion, quirk, crotchet, whimsy; freak; impulse. See wit, imaginati...

  • Page 896

    whole [ 886 ] widespread WHOLE The complete thing Nouns—1, whole, totality, totalness, integrity; entirety, ensemble, collec-tiveness; unity, completeness, indivisibility, integration, embodiment; in-teger. 2, the whole, all, everything, total, aggregate, one and all, gross amount, sum, sum tot...

  • Page 897

    widow [ 887 ] will widow, n. survivor (of a husband), relict, dowager; divorcée, grass widow. See divorce. width, n. breadth, broadness; wideness, span, beam; extent, ex-panse. wield, v.t. handle, manipulate, ply; brandish, flourish, wave, shake; employ, control, manage. See use, oscillation. w...

  • Page 898

    willful [ 888 ] wind 2, willingly, fain, freely; heart and soul; with pleasure, nothing loath, gra-ciously, without reluctance, of one’s own accord. Phrases—a willful man must have his way; where there’s a will there’s a way; you can take a horse to [the] water, but you can’t make him d...

  • Page 899

    windbag [ 889 ] windup weather; dirty sky, mare’s tail, tailwind; microburst, stadium effect; firestorm, nuclear winter. 3, (wind measurement) anemography, aerodynamics; wind gauge, anemometer, pneumatics; weathercock, [weather]vane; Beaufort scale, Fujita-Pearson scale. 4, breathing, respirat...

  • Page 900

    windy [ 890 ] wit liminaries, preparation. See com-pletion. windy, adj. See wind. wine, n. the grape; drink, liquor; drinking, intoxication; stimulant, alcohol; nectar. wing, n. pinion, [feathered] limb, pennon, ala; arm, sail; flank; ell, annex, extension; airfoil; flight, flying. —v. fly;...

  • Page 901

    witch [ 891 ] without inage, retort, repartee, riposte; ridicule; horseplay. Slang, monkey busi -ness, barrel of laughs. 3, (joke) witticism, jest, joke, conceit, quip, one-liner, quirk, quiddity, pleasantry; sally, wheeze; flash of wit, scintillation; mot, bon mot, smart saying, epigram; dry wi...

  • Page 902

    withstand [ 892 ] wonder See exterior, absence, circum-stance, deduction, exemption. withstand, v.t. face, confront; fight off, oppose, defy. See opposition. witless, adj. senseless, brainless; silly, foolish, pointless, idiotic, moronic, imbecilic, dumb (sl.); half-witted, dull, thick, stupid, ...

  • Page 903

    wonderful [ 893 ] word process, ignorance the end (Montaigne), Wonder is the feeling of a philosopher, and philosophy begins in wonder (Plato), Philosophy begins in wonder, and at the end, when philosophic thought has done its best, the wonder remains (Alfred North Whitehead), Wonder is the basis...

  • Page 904

    word game [ 894 ] worker news, information, promise. 2, compound, back formation, phrase, cognate, etymon, ghost word, holophrase; phone, ideophone, phoneme, utterance (see speech); neolo -gism, neoterism, coinage, nonce word, sniglet; archaism; borrowing, paronym, loanword, calque, loan translat...

  • Page 905

    workhorse [ 895 ] worship Trojan; drudge; mechanic; toiler, moiler. See exertion. workhorse, n., informal, hard worker; drudge, hack. See exer-tion. working, adj. effective; operational. See utility. —n.pl. works, parts, action. See composition. working class, n. proletariat, wage-earners, blue...

  • Page 906

    worst [ 896 ] wrap bar, Fatihah, shahada, rak’ah. e. (Hindu:) Ram, Siva. 3, (service) divine service, office, duty; Mass, Eucharist, Communion, Lord’s Supper; morning prayer, matins, evening prayer, evensong, ves-pers, vigils, compline, prime [song], tierce, lauds, sext, nones; prayer meetin...

  • Page 907

    wrap-up [ 897 ] writing clothe, cover, envelop, enclose; hide, muffle, conceal; fold, lap, wind; pack[age]. See covering, environment. wrap-up, n. summary, précis. See shortness. wrath, n. choler, anger, ire, indigna-tion; vengeance; fury, rage. See resentment. wreath, n. garland, lei, chaplet,...

  • Page 908

    wrong [ 898 ] wrong felt-tip, laundry, etc. pen; manual, electric, or electronic typewriter, printer, dot-matrix or daisy-wheel printer, draft- or letter-quality printer. 6, a. writer, author[ess], litterateur, essayist, novelist, short-story writer, playwright, dramatist, poet; editor; lexicogra...

  • Page 909

    wrongful [ 899 ] yearling 2, do wrong, transgress, be unjust, be inequitable, show partiality. Adjectives—1, wrong[ful], bad, evil, immoral, sinful, wicked, vicious, grievous, iniquitous, scandalous, reprehensible, blameworthy, guilty, criminal; harmful, deleterious, injurious, hurtful, detrime...

  • Page 910

    yearn [ 900 ] youth yearn, v.i. pine, long, hanker; grieve, mourn. See desire, lamentation. yeast, n. leaven, ferment, barm; spume, froth, foam. See agita-tion. yell, v. & n. shout, cry, scream, shriek, bawl, call; yelp, bark; bel-low, roar, hoot, squawk (sl.), holler (sl.). yellow, adj. fai...

  • Page 911

    youth [ 901 ] youth 2, babyhood, infancy, cradle, nursery, apron strings. 3, infant, newborn, baby, babe, suckling, chrisom child, nursling; bairn, enfant, papoose; preemie; offspring, young; brat, tot, toddler; the patter of tiny feet. Informal, kid[dy], chick, bambino, mudlark; big baby, thumb-...

  • Page 912

    yowl [ 902 ] zoo yowl, v.i. & n. howl, scream, squawk. See cry. yummy, adj., informal, delicious, tasty, delectable. See goodness. yuppie, n. bourgeois, middle-class person. See mediocrity. Z zany, n. clown, madcap, buffoon, comic, fool, comedian, jester, merry-andrew, Punch, pickle-her-ring;...