A Primer on Sustainable Business Book

A Primer on Sustainable Business Book
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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 3 Chapter 1 Introduction Going green, green business, and sustainable business are topics on everyone’s mind. But what does all this mean exactly? A Primer on Sustainable Business...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 4 1.1 A Background on Sustainability We begin with an understanding of the background of the concept of sustainability and how it applies to the business world. In 1987, the Brundtla...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 5 green.” A Primer on Sustainable Business is concerned with the larger picture, or the combined three-dimensional social, environmental, and economic impacts of a sustainable busi...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 6 a different way, yet through A Primer on Sustainable Business you will begin to see the great degree of interconnectedness between each part of the business. Because sustainability...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 7 Finally, Chapter 9 "Next Steps: Sustainability Strategy" discusses sustainability as an integral component of the overall strategic direction of the firm. Chapter 10 &quo...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 8 Chapter 2 Operations Management Business operations are at the heart of sustainability. You cannot become a sustainable business without honestly and critically analyzing your cur...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 9 2.1 Sustainable Business Recall from Chapter 1 "Introduction" that a sustainable business is one that is concerned about the social, environmental, and economic impacts a...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 10 [1] Elkington (1997). 2.2 Social Impact The first dimension of a sustainable business is its performance relative to societies and social justice, often referred to as social impa...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 11 and that fair and ethical employment practices were used in the creation of products. Many agricultural goods and handicraft items are Fair Trade certified. In addition to employm...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 12 5. Supply chain: Understand the conditions under which the products and supplies you purchase were produced; work with suppliers to achieve transparency throughout the supply chai...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 13 2.3 Environmental Impact The second dimension of a sustainable business is its contribution to preserving environmental quality; commonly referred to as environmental impact. Nume...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 14 another example of recycling, Caracalla, a salon and day spa in Little Rock, Arkansas, recycles cut hair by sending it to the nonprofit Matter of Trust to be woven into hair mats ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 15 Here are some steps that your office can take to reduce your environmental impact (and save money!): 1. Use e-mail instead of paper. 2. Print and copy on both sides of the paper. ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 16 scientific information related to climate change, please visit the Web site of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize winner, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change:actionURI(http://www.ip...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 17 Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol is a voluntary multinational, multisector cap-and-trade system. According to the cap-and-trade system, companies from 39 Kyoto Protocol particip...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 18 Western Climate Initiative. The Western Climate Initiative is an initiative of several Western states and Canadian provinces. Although this partnership initiative was created in 2...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 19 energy from renewable sources (as detailed below in the discussion of renewable energy projects). Within the area of waste, companies will actively seek ways to reduce their own w...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 20 Carbon offset projects are not currently regulated; therefore, third-party independent verification of the project should be a part of any investment made in carbon offsets by sus...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 21 Here are some tips for the business that wants to start the journey toward green but does not have the funds to implement big changes. All the tips below are free to implement but...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 22 6. Lighting: Turn off lights when not in use, and when replacing, use more energy-efficient lighting, such as compact fluorescent bulbs or LED lighting. Savings: can help reduce e...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 23 per year in paper and ink costs. Savings: can reduce the amount of paper you buy, can reduce the amount of waste you pay to have removed, and can reduce your company’s carbon em...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 24

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 25 2.4 Economic Impact The third dimension of a sustainable business is economic impact. The economic impact of a business’s operations is viewed internally and externally. The sus...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 26 Business: Case Examples" of this book, we provide an array of additional examples that we hope will inspire your own business to begin its journey toward sustainability. [1]...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 27 Chapter 3 Human Resources Integrated, innovative human resource practices are essential in creating a corporate culture that ensures sustainability is valued and maintained at al...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 28 3.1 Recruitment and Selection The sustainable organization will be a community employer whenever possible. Recruitment and selection generates a social and economic impact on the ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 29  Acre  Business for Social Responsibility  Corporate Responsibility Officer  CSRwire  Ethical Corporation  GreenBiz  Green Dream Jobs  Idealist  Net Imp...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 30 unfair or discriminatory questions and requirements. Companies are putting focus on diversity because it plays an important role in the reputation of the firm, in decision making,...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 31 3.2 Training and Development New employees must be oriented to the company’s stance on sustainability issues and what the expectations are for the employee to further sustainabi...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 32 Training can be conducted either on the job or off the job. Businesses focusing on sustainability are increasingly conducting more on-the-job training and engaging in travel reduc...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 33 own personal development. This requires respecting the employee’s need for personal growth, development, and fulfillment and allowing reasonable opportunity to pursue those need...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 34 green economy. Job training programs, colleges, and universities are beginning to recognize this deficit and create training and education programs to help develop a green workfor...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 35 3.3 Performance Appraisal and Feedback Most companies engage in the traditional performance appraisal system where the employee’s performance is measured on some prescribed crit...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 36 In line with other areas of human resources that suggest online or Web applications, performance appraisals are no different. Organizations can use Web-based performance appraisal...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 37 3.4 Pay and Benefits Pay and benefits policies promoted by the organization will have a great social and economic impact on employees and communities. For example, company policie...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 38 Transparency is a cornerstone of the sustainability movement. Even though companies can be transparent in accounting and financial reporting, transparency can also be achieved by ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 39 employees for energy-efficiency home improvements. Employees receive home energy audits with recommendations on how to improve home energy efficiency. Loans are repaid through pay...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 40 affect work performance. An additional human resource for hire would be interns, which would provide a positive social impact for both the individual and the company. More sustain...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 41 [2] Retrieved January 28, 2009, froactionURI(http://salary.com/):mactionURI(http://salary.com/): http://salary.comactionURI(http://salary.com/): [3] Retrieved January 28, 2009, fr...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 42 3.5 Labor Relations Labor relations refer to the interaction between the company and the employee, particularly related to the employee’s right to organize. A sustainable compan...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 43 Mentoring Program, and the Disability Advisory Group. Companies, such as Marriott and Honeywell, encourage senior mentoring programs in which senior managers select minority emplo...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 44 order to lower costs or that are able to utilize excessive overtime (often uncompensated) to increase productivity. However, in the long run, maintaining ethical practices creates...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 45 Chapter 4 Finance This chapter is by Julia S. Kwok, Northeastern State University, 3100 E. New Orleans Street, Department of Accounting and Finance, College of Business and Techn...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 46 4.1 Capital Investments Prior to the acceptance of sustainable projects, socially responsible organizations have to evaluate the feasibility and sustainability of capital investme...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 47 added analysis, and option pricing. [4] Other traditional financial approaches used include cost–benefit ratios and net present value. Yet it is commonly agreed that existing fi...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 48 AFCP will generally fund up to 50% of the additional cost of purchasing hybrid diesel or electric vehicles instead of a regular vehicle. As a result of the American Recovery and R...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 49 4.2 Socially Responsible Investments Socially responsible investing (SRI) refers to the evaluation of investment options in light of its social, economical, and environmental impa...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 50 of companies for these funds are generally screened based on governance, ethics, diversity and women, indigenous people’s rights, transparency, equitable and affordable access t...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 51 Opportunities for the Majority (OM) Index. The OM Index represents publicly traded firms operating in base of the pyramid markets (see Chapter 9 "Next Steps: Sustainability S...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 52 4.3 Measuring Corporate Performance As we discuss capital investments and socially responsible investments, it is appropriate that we discuss how to measure corporate performance....

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 53 [1] Frigo (2002). [2] Frigo (2002). [3] Kaplan and Norton (1992). [4] Rigby and Bilodeau (2007). [5] Figge, Hahn, Schaltegger, and Wagner (2002); Moller and Schaltegger (2005); Ra...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 54 4.4 Carbon Finance In general, carbon finance refers to applying a financial management system, models, and tools to manage a company’s carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas (...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 55 energy sources, the carbon tax is an attempt to internalize costs and make consumers pay for the ultimate environmental damage resulting from the choice to use nonrenewable energy...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 56 4.5 Sustainable Financing Banks, credit unions, independent credit agencies, venture capitalists, and insurance companies are financial intermediaries that raise capital from inve...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 57 The Wolfsberg Principlesprovide guidelines specifically dealing with antimoney laundering, antiterrorism funding, and the identification and examination of unusual or suspicious a...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 58 projected monthly energy savings. For widespread adoption of green projects, financial institutions, residents, builders, and local government need to be equipped with affordable ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 59 around $110 to be repaid in 6 to 12 months with no interest charged. Fifty percent of those borrowers in India were able to graduate out of poverty with the help of Kiva. [3] Pros...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 60 outreach and government programs, CDCU institutions are able to leverage community revitalization efforts. Federally chartered CDCU institutions are state regulated. Community Dev...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 61 4.6 Sustainable Insurance The insurance industry is particularly interested in sustainability, given the impact that climate change has had on this industry’s profitability. In ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 62 In Japan, Sompo Japan Insurance and Tokio Marine Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd. have given premium discounts to 10 million policyholders who drive low-emitting cars. Travelers a...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 63 Chapter 5 Research and Development Growing public pressures, stricter enforcement of environmental laws, costly cleanup costs, limited resources, and less disposal options are cr...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 64 5.1 Cradle to Cradle Products and processes have historically been designed for cradle to grave. That is, design has only considered the product from the point of manufacture to d...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 65 5.2 Biomimicry Biomimicry is an innovative method that searches for sustainable solutions by imitating features naturally found in the environment into the design of products. Usi...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 66 The air conditioning system of Eastgate Building, an office building in Zimbabwe, was modeled from self-cooling mounds made by termites. The building uses 90% less energy than con...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 67 5.3 Life Cycle Analysis As environmental awareness becomes more prevalent, businesses are assessing how their activities affect the environment. The environmental performance of p...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 68 where the material is extracted (the cradle) and what is the final disposal point for the product (the grave). The next stage is the inventory analysis where data is collected rel...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 69 warming or acidification; classification or classifying carbon dioxide in relation to global warming; characterization or modeling the potential impact of carbon dioxide on global...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 70 of coffee!). [8]The LCA also shows that a stainless steel mug must be used at least 396 times to be more environmentally friendly than Styrofoam. [9] 3. Biodegradable to-go food c...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 71 [1] Bhat (1996). [2] Gloria (2009). [3] Scientific Applications International Corporation (2006). [4] Scientific Applications International Corporation (2006). [5] Narayan and Pat...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 72 5.4 Crowdsourcing Organizations have long used techniques such as brainstorming, the Delphi technique, and quality circles for employees and managers to generate creative solution...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 73 InnoCentive and put forth the design challenge to InnoCentive’s social network of over 140,000 solvers. The challenge was solved and the new SL-2 light, or Super BOGO, was sent ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 74 Chapter 6 Marketing No product, regardless of how well it is designed, will reach consumers unless it is marketed effectively. The marketing function is an important component of...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 75 6.1 Product The first element of the marketing mix is the product. The sustainable business addresses issues related to the product’s design, packaging, and branding. Sustainabl...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 76 reusable materials for packaging will significantly reduce the long-term environmental impact of packaging. Lastly, the packaging material itself may be altered. Wal-Mart Stores, ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 77 name or symbol that identifies the brand with the company’s sustainability philosophy and that captures the essence of the sustainable properties of the product. A sustainable b...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 78 6.2 Price Pricing is a major element in sustainability marketing. Issues such as price elasticity, premium pricing, and perceived value pricing will be discussed in relation to pr...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 79 6.3 Place (Distribution) After producing the product, business must distribute the goods and services to the consumer. A sustainable business will want to create an efficient dist...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 80 time versus multiple transports by road with smaller loads. In addition, fewer loads result in fewer road accidents, which impact the triple bottom line from a social perspective....

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 81 [1] Manjumder and Groenevelt (2001). [2] Washington State University Extension Energy Program (n.d.). [3] Prahalad and Hart (2002). 6.4 Promotion Companies engage in promotion of...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 82 Two specific types of cause-related marketing are green marketing and social marketing. Green marketing refers to the marketing of products or services that are environmentally fr...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 83  ClimateChangeCorp  Corporate Knights  CSRwire  Environmental Leader  Environmental News Network  Ethical Corporation  GOOD Magazine  GreenMoney Journal ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 84 expand market share, attract and manage employees, attract investors, derail critics, circumvent regulatory issues, and improve image. However, greenwashing may damage an otherwis...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 85 Kit, [1] TerraChoice details the Six Sins of Greenwashing,[2] CorpWatch tracks offenders through its Greenwash Awards [3] and related publications, [4] and EnviroMedia Social Mark...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 86 Chapter 7 IT and MIS Technology holds increasing promise in helping organizations become more efficient and environmentally friendly. In addition, sustainability requires transpa...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 87 7.1 Information Technology According to a recent study, [1] the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of the U.S. information technology (IT) industry already exceed the emissions of ent...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 88 Greening the data center is often the starting point of green IT strategies. The first step in your green IT strategy is to know current energy usage, where energy is used and by ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 89 Servers One green IT approach being used is server consolidation, which reduces the number of servers used by running multiple applications on each server. Another approach to red...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 90 In addition to energy efficiency, green PCs are designed to contain fewer toxic materials (such as lead) in production and shipping and to contain more components that are made fr...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 91 5. Install software to manage and reduce paper usage. Print management software programs (such as PaperCut, GreenPrint, and many others) can reduce printed pages and printer waste...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 92 [9] Chua (n.d.). [10] Retrieved fromactionURI(http://www.ecofont.eu/english.html): http://www.ecofont.eu/english.htmlactionURI(http://www.ecofont.eu/english.html): [11] Barakovic ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 93 7.2 Information Systems In addition to the technology behind greening your computing operations, there are numerous software programs, or management information systems (MIS), to ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 94 IT and MIS are both in a central position to help the organization reach its sustainability goals. That is, IT can help the organization operate in a more efficient and environmen...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 95 Chapter 8 Accounting Accounting for the sustainable business extends beyond traditional financial and managerial accounting. Rather than externalizing the social and environmenta...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 96 8.1 Measurement and Accounting Tools There exists a plethora of measurement and accounting tools available, depending on the direction your company has decided to follow in terms ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 97 Global Water Tool The World Business Council for Sustainable Development’s [3] Global Water Tool is currently under development with other groups around the world in order to st...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 98 8.2 Reporting The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is the world’s most frequently used reporting guideline and format. [1] Currently in its third version, G3, this standard was...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 99 8.3 Assurance and Stakeholder Engagement The final issues to consider in sustainability accounting are auditing and assurance as well as stakeholder engagement throughout the enti...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 100 [1] AccountAbility (2008). [2] International Federation of Accountants (2003). [3] AccountAbility (2005a, 2005b).

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 101 8.4 Accounting Methods In recent years, overhead costs have become an increasingly significant part of product cost. Managers need high quality cost information to maintain great...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 102 activity. Fundamental to FCA is the valuation of the opportunity costs, hidden costs, or trade-offs that were made when the option to use a particular limited resource was select...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 103 Chapter 9 Next Steps: Sustainability Strategy So where do you go from here? By now, it should be apparent that sustainability infiltrates every aspect of the business. Although ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 104 9.1 Sustainability as Incremental Improvements It is not unusual for sustainability to be championed by one person, department, or division. If this is the case in your company, ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 105 9.2 Sustainability as Strategy Sustainability as strategy will encompass all aspects of the company’s operations, as demonstrated in the previous chapters. Sustainability as st...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 106 While many businesses will forge their own path toward sustainability, there is a growing infrastructure of principles and standards to help guide and provide direction to compan...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 107 Reporting Initiative (GRI), the most frequently used sustainability reporting framework worldwide (discussed in Chapter 8 "Accounting"). Caux Round Table Principles. Th...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 108 Standards After determining the principles to which a business will subscribe, the next step is to select standards for performance. Some standards identify specific guidelines f...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 109 Standards for Social Performance. Standards with a more narrow focus on socially related concerns include ISO 9000 (labor standards), SA 8000 (labor standards), Ethical Trading I...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 110 9.3 Making the Sustainability Commitment As a strategy, sustainability requires leadership and top-level commitment, strong values and ethics deeply embedded in the corporate cul...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 111 development opportunities for employees will focus on personal growth and development, instilling corporate values and ethics, and promoting sustainability. [3] Core Competencies...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 112 sustainable business will interact with stakeholders, including critics, listen to their concerns, and will seek to engage them in identifying plausible solutions. There appears ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 113 continued to outperform other companies even during the midst of the economic crisis during the period of May through November 2008. [7] Society. Communities and society at large...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 114 Numerous academic centers, research centers, and nonprofit organizations around the world work with businesses toward a sustainable future. Among those centers and organizations ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 115 business. First termed crowdsourcing, [13] social business models leverage the power of mass collaboration in creating a successful business. [14]One example of a successful soci...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 116 9.4 Conclusion We have presented an enormous amount of information throughout this book that may appear overwhelming. At this point you are probably wondering where to begin. Fir...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 117 The efforts that a business makes to increase its social impact often refer to the impact of company policies, procedures, practices, and operations on employees, on those employ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 118 As your company begins its sustainability journey, remember that changes will impact operations company-wide. Therefore, sustainability education is important for employees, supp...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 119 8. Communicate progress. 9. Expand efforts to other processes, activities, and departments (and repeat the previous steps). 10. Share your knowledge; mentor others.

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 120 Chapter 10 Sustainable Business: Case Examples Now that you are familiar with the concept of sustainable business and how it impacts every aspect of the business, we are delight...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 121 Alaffia sponsors Bicycles for Education, donates school supplies and uniforms, funds reforestation projects, and started the Alaffia Women’s Clinic in Togo. Alaffia also provid...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 122 BetterWorld Telecom [4] BetterWorld Telecom (Reston, Virginia) is a telecommunications company providing voice and data solutions for businesses and organizations with social and...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 123 Boutique Mix also offers its own line of Miatta-MiMi jewelry and gift baskets using beads and other accessories collected around the world. An incredible 25% of all profits go to...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 124 reuse, recycle mantra are to buy reclaimed items for retail sale (such as mittens and hats made from old discarded sweaters), they sell vintage items, they recycle cut hair by se...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 125 approach: paint fumes and other emissions are filtered, air in the sanding area is filtered twice, and there is a filtration system to capture emissions from welding. Other eco-f...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 126 Earth Tones (Denver, Colorado) bills itself as “The Environmental Internet & Phone Company.” The company offers Internet access and long-distance and wireless phone servi...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 127 the EDUN retail collection of items made with organic cotton, edun LIVE [19] is a business-to-business solution for anyone who wants ethically produced blank T-shirts. Edun LIVE ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 128 and hormone-free meals using local fresh ingredients created by the center’s chef. The center also uses nontoxic personal care products on children and environmentally friendly...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 129 and uses green cleaning products. To reduce waste, bulk soap, lotion, and shampoo dispensers are used in guest rooms and only recycled paper is used. There are recycling bins thr...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 130 herbs and vegetables for menu items. In addition, the beer delivery truck, the Fatty Wagon, runs on 100% pure vegetable oil. Green Microgym [29] The Green Microgym (Portland, Ore...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 131 baked goods. The bakery produces many traditional baked goods but is well known as the exclusive supplier of brownies for Ben & Jerry’s ice cream products. Habana Outpost [...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 132 The company has an even stronger social emphasis through its business operations. The Trade for a Change fund-raising program allows nonprofit organizations to sell Higher Ground...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 133 Hotlips Pizza (Portland, Oregon) is a family-owned four-restaurant business. Hotlips Pizza uses as many locally grown ingredients as possible, including wheat, vegetables, cheese...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 134 renewable energy credits, and strives to reduce energy usage. The company is working toward water reduction goals, and over 80% of the company’s waste is recycled, recovered, o...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 135 Keen Footwear (Portland, Oregon) began in 2003 with the Hybrid: part shoe, part sandal; a cross between an athletic shoe and a sandal. The company now has a line of shoes, Ventur...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 136 Llamadas Pedaleadas (Pedaled Phone Calls) [43] Llamadas Pedaleadas (Managua, Nicaragua), or Pedaled Phone Calls, is a bicycle-pedaled mobile cart with public telephones on board....

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 137 original wood floors and added linoleum floors where new flooring was needed. The cutting stations are 1920s vanities, and the salon has utilized antiques whenever possible. Peac...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 138 Trendy chocolatier sweetriot (New York, New York) makes all-natural chocolate treats (called “peaces”) and works to create a more just and celebrated multicultural world. swe...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 139 in delivery trucks, and uses recycled paper. In 2002, the company purchased its first carbon offsets and became the first carbon neutral coffee company. TOMS Shoes [52] TOMS Shoe...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 140 of the typical energy used for recycling. The disposable dinnerware products are durable, naturally biodegrade in 2 months, and can be used in the microwave, oven, and refrigerat...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 141 White Dog Café has a mentoring program with a local high school’s restaurant, hotel, and tourism program, organizes community tours through different Philadelphia neighborhood...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 142 [11actionURI(http://www.cleangreencollision.com/):]actionURI(http://www.cleangreencollision.com/): http://www.cleangreencollision.comactionURI(http://www.cleangreencollision.com/...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 143 [40actionURI(http://www.keenfootwear.com/):]actionURI(http://www.keenfootwear.com/): http://www.keenfootwear.comactionURI(http://www.keenfootwear.com/): [41actionURI(http://littl...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 144 Chapter 11 Appendix: Resources for the Sustainable Business AA1000 Framework AccountAbility 250-252 Goswell Road London EC1V 7EB United Kingdom Tel: +4420 7549 0400 Fax: +4420 ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 145 Washington, DC 20037 USA Tel: (202) 835-1692 Fax: (202) 835-1693 E-mailactionURI(mailto:secretariat@accountability21.net)::actionURI(mailto:secretariat@accountability21.net): sec...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 146 250 24th Street NW, Suite 300 Washington, DC 20037 USA Tel: (202) 835-1692 Fax: (202) 835-1693 E-mailactionURI(mailto:secretariat@accountability21.net)::actionURI(mailto:secretar...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 147 Arlington, VA 22209 USA Tel: (703) 524-1864 E-mailactionURI(mailto:jmcneal@apparelandfootwear.org)::actionURI(mailto:jmcneal@apparelandfootwear.org): jmcneal@apparelandfootwear.o...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 148 Washington, DC 20036-1133 USA Tel: (202) 736-5800 Fax: (202) 467-0790 E-mailactionURI(mailto:info@aspenbsp.org)::actionURI(mailto:info@aspenbsp.org): info@aspenbsp.orgactionURI(m...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 149 USA Tel: (610) 296-8283 Fax: (610) 296-8289 E-mailactionURI(mailto:thelab@bcorporation.net)::actionURI(mailto:thelab@bcorporation.net): thelab@bcorporation.netactionURI(mailto:th...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 150 Web:actionURI(http://www.greenbiz.ca.gov/): http://www.greenbiz.ca.govactionURI(http://www.greenbiz.ca.gov/): Biomimicry Guild PO Box 575 Helena, MT 59624 USA Tel: (406) 495-1858...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 151 Web:actionURI(http://www.bpeace.org/): http://www.bpeace.orgactionURI(http://www.bpeace.org/): Business Ethics Magazine 55 West 39th Street, Suite 800 New York, NY 10018 USA Tel:...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 152 Center for Business as an Agent of World Benefit Case Western Reserve University 208 Peter B. Lewis Building 11119 Bellflower Road Cleveland, OH 44106-7235 USA Tel: (216) 368-216...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 153 University of California, Berkeley Haas School of Business 545 Student Services, Building 1900 Berkeley, CA 94720-1900 USA Tel: (510) 643-7668 E-mailactionURI(mailto:respbus@haas...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 154 Center for Sustainable Global Enterprise Johnson Graduate School of Management 142 Sage Hall Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853 USA Tel: (607) 255-0276 E-mailactionURI(mailto:cs...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 155 Tel: (610) 296-8283 Fax: (610) 296-8289 E-mailactionURI(mailto:thelab@bcorporation.net)::actionURI(mailto:thelab@bcorporation.net): thelab@bcorporation.netactionURI(mailto:thela...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 156 Web:actionURI(http://www.climatesaverscomputing.org/): http://www.climatesaverscomputing.orgactionURI(http://www.climatesaverscomputing.org/): Coalition for Environmentally Respo...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 157 1115 Etcheverry Hall Berkeley, CA 94720-1740 USA Tel: (510) 642-8657 E-mailactionURI(mailto:cgdm@newton.berkeley.com)::actionURI(mailto:cgdm@newton.berkeley.com): cgdm@newton.ber...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 158 Tel: +61 2 9299 9566 Fax: +61 2 9299 9477 E-mailactionURI(mailto:cr-index@ethics.org)::actionURI(mailto:cr-index@ethics.org): cr-index@ethics.org.au Web:actionURI(http://www.corp...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 159 Web:actionURI(http://www.mbdc.com/c2c_home.htm): http://www.mbdc.com/c2c_home.htmactionURI(http://www.mbdc.com/c2c_home.htm): Crowdspring.com Web:actionURI(http://www.crowdspring...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 160 Domini Social Investments PO Box 9785 Providence, RI 02940 USA Tel: (212) 217-1112 Fax: (212) 217-1101 E-mailactionURI(mailto:kshaprio@domini.com)::actionURI(mailto:kshaprio@domi...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 161 E-mailactionURI(mailto:ecologo@terrachoice.com)::actionURI(mailto:ecologo@terrachoice.com): ecologo@terrachoice.comactionURI(mailto:ecologo@terrachoice.com): Web:actionURI(http:/...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 162 EnerSure TrendPoint Systems, LLC 111 Deerwood Road, Suite 200 San Ramon, CA 94583 USA Tel: (925) 855-0600 E-mailactionURI(mailto:info@trendpoint.com)::actionURI(mailto:info@trend...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 163 E-maiactionURI(mailto:publisher@environmentalleader.com):l:actionURI(mailto:publisher@environmentalleader.com): publisher@environmentalleader.comactionURI(mailto:publisher@enviro...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 164 Web:actionURI(http://www.ethicalcorp.com/): http://www.ethicalcorp.comactionURI(http://www.ethicalcorp.com/): Ethical Investment Research Service 80-84 Bondway London SW8 1SF Uni...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 165 European Union Emissions Trading Scheme European Commission Environment DG B–1049 Brussels Belgium Web:actionURI(http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/index_en.htm): ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 166 USA Tel: (202) 636-3547 Fax: (202) 636-3549 E-mailactionURI(mailto:info@FairTradeFederation.org)::actionURI(mailto:info@FairTradeFederation.org): info@FairTradeFederation.orgacti...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 167 Web:actionURI(http://www.fsvc.org/): http://www.fsvc.orgactionURI(http://www.fsvc.org/): Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) 212 Third Avenue North, Suite 280 Minneapolis, MN 55401 ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 169 Belgium Tel: +32 2 282 84 42 Fax: +32 2 282 84 14 E-mailactionURI(mailto:info@gesi.org)::actionURI(mailto:info@gesi.org): info@gesi.orgactionURI(mailto:info@gesi.org): Web:action...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 170 Web:actionURI(http://www.globalreporting.org/): http://www.globalreporting.orgactionURI(http://www.globalreporting.org/): Global Sullivan Principles Leon H. Sullivan Foundation 1...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 171 Web:actionURI(http://www.good.is/): http://www.good.isactionURI(http://www.good.is/): GoToMeeting.com Citrix Online Headquarters Division of Citrix Systems 6500 Hollister Avenue ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 172 Web:actionURI(http://www.greenforall.org/): http://www.greenforall.orgactionURI(http://www.greenforall.org/): Green Computing Impact Organization Green Computing Impact Organizat...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 173 E-mailactionURI(mailto:green-design@andrew.cmu.edu)::actionURI(mailto:green-design@andrew.cmu.edu): green-design@andrew.cmu.eduactionURI(mailto:green-design@andrew.cmu.edu): Web:...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 174 Green Power Partnership U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Web:actionURI(http://www.epa.gov/greenpower): http://www.epa.gov/greenpoweractionURI(http://www.epa.gov/greenpower): ...

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    Saylor URL: http://www.saylor.org/books Saylor.org actionURI(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/): 195 Sustainability Assurance Practitioner AccountAbility 250-252 Goswell Road London EC1V 7EB UK Tel: +44 20 7549 0400 Fax: +44 20 7253 74400 250 24th Street NW, Suite 300 Washington...

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